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Journal Article | forthcoming 2021

Legal Mobilization to Protect Women against Rape in Islamist Sudan

A popular uprising recently ousted Omar al-Bashir and his Islamist cronies from power after having ruled Sudan with an iron fist since 1989. Sexual abuse and torture orchestrated by the...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2021)
in Cahiers d'études africaines
CMI Brief | Jan 2021

Reverting five years of progress: Impact of COVID-19 on maternal mortality in Peru

Peru has moved back at least five years on its road to reducing maternal mortality, due to the profound impact COVID-19 has had on the capacity of health services. Our...
Camila Gianella, Jorge Ruiz-Cabrejos, Pamela Villacorta, Andrea Castro, Gabriel Carrasco-Escobar (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2021:1) 4 p.
Report in External Series | 2020

Implications of the COVID-19 pandemic for revenue generation in poor African countries

In the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic the need in poor countries in Africa for more revenues is obvious and growing - also because aid agencies are quite stingy in...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Ole Therkildsen (2020)
Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS Working Paper no. 13: 2020) 61 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2020

Sudan’s Transition: Living in Bad Surroundings

Following the 2019 April revolution, Sudan now finds itself in the middle of a profound and uncertain political transition. Should the transition succeed, the country could move in directions that...
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2020:4) 17 p.
U4 Brief | 2020

Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in a context of nationalist oligarchy: Lessons from Indonesia

Thinking and working politically is often viewed as crucial for anti-corruption reform efforts in resource sectors. But what happens when it does not play a central role? Lessons from REDD+...
David Aled Williams (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:13)
Journal Article | 2020

¿Y la salud intercultural?: Lecciones desde la pandemia que no debemos olvidar(What about intercultural health?: Lessons from the pandemic that we should not forget, E a saúde intercultural: lições da pandemia que não devemos esquecer)

Those of us who work in indigenous health know that it is very common for Indigenous People or peasants to be represented as guilty for their health problems. Such representations...
Maria Amalia Pesantes,Camila Gianella (2020)
in Mundo Amazónico vol. 11 no. 2 pp. 93-110
CMI Working Paper | 2020

Comparing legal activism in Zimbabwe and Zambia

Battles over democracy are manifested in contestations over legal frameworks and within judicial institutions. Lawfare refers to the strategic use of law and legal institutions by actors in civil and...
O'Brien Kaaba, Marja Hinfelaar, Tony Zhou (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:5) 30 p.
Journal Article | 2020

The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?

  Angola experienced an extraordinary oil boom between 2004 and 2014. During this period, oil revenue accounted for 80% of all government revenue. In 2011, the Government of Angola started implementing...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo (2020)
in The Extractive Industries and Society vol. 7
Book Chapter | 2020

Civil society

Antonio De Lauri (2020)
in Humanitarianism: Keywords. Brill
Book Chapter | 2020

Corruption in customs: How can it be tackled?

This chapter examines recent experiences in combating corruption in customs administration in developing countries. There is no lack of measures, norms, standards or ‘best practices’ to address corruption. Although development...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Ernani Checcucci Filho and Gaël Raballand (2020)
in World Bank (2020): Enhancing Government Effectiveness and Transparency: The Fight Against Corruption. Washington D.C.
Report in External Series | 2020

Interim Governance Arrangements in Post-Conflict and Fragile Settings

This report provides an understanding of how temporary governance during major political transitions is structured and how it works in practice. Interim governance arrangements are the exercise of public power...
Robert Forster (2020)
Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (Edinburgh Dialogues on Post-Conflict Constitution Building) 45 p.
Book | 2020

Fishers, Monks and Cadres: Navigating State, Religion and the South China Sea in Central Vietnam, co-published by NIAS Press and the University of Hawai'i Press (Paperback February 2021)

This remarkable and timely ethnography explores how fishing communities living on the fringe of the South China Sea in central Vietnam interact with state and religious authorities as well as...
Edyta Roszko (2020)
NIAS Press and the University of Hawai'i Press
Journal Article | 2020

Legal Reform or Erasure of History? The Politics of Moral Crimes in Afghanistan

Aziz Hakimi, Masooma Sa'adat (2020)
in Central Asian Survey
U4 Issue | 2020

A Theory of Change for the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Designing resource governance pathways to improve developmental outcomes

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative is a major international effort to disclose information about extractive activities. Having an explicit Theory of Change could help it to improve natural resource governance...
Philippe Le Billon, Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:11)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 9. The UK’s changing anti-corruption landscape – new energy, new horizons

Between 2013 and 2018, the UK made unusually rapid progress in improving instruments to address corruption. These advances included legal reforms, such as establishing beneficial ownership registers, Deferred Prosecution Agreements,...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:9)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions

The last 20 years has seen a solid international architecture established to fight corruption. However, the pace of progress has slowed in recent years. Two critical problems are that the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:10)
Sudan Brief | 2020

COVID-19 and the urgent need to protect Sudanese women against violence

Three decades of Islamist rule institutionalized a culture of violence against women in Sudan. The COVID-19 pandemic and state instructed lockdown has led to an acute situation for many Sudanese...
Samia al-Nagar, Liv Tønnessen (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2020:5) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2020

Food Security and Agricultural Development in Sudan: The case of Kassala State

This research discusses the relationship between agricultural development and food security, determinants of supply of (production of food) and demand for (consumption of food) food and determinants of food insecurity...
Prof. Dr. Samia Mohamed Nour, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2020:1)
CMI Brief | 2020

UN Security Council Resolution 1325: Peacebuilding in Africa 20 years after its adoption

20 years ago the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1325. The resolution underscored the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and called for their...
Aili Mari Tripp (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:08) 6 p.
CMI Report | 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)