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Newspaper Op-Ed | 2007

Bukken og havresekken

Norsk Senter for Demokratistøtte (NDS) - som består av alle partiene på Stortinget - får 7 millioner kroner årlig for å bistå i «utviklingen av velfungerende og pluralistiske politiske demokratiske...
Inge Amundsen (2007)
Dagbladet, 6. desember
CMI Working Paper | 2007

Taxation and State Building: Poor Countries in a Globalised World

How far has the recent global wave of tax reform contributed to state building in poorer countries? Our conclusion mirrors other general globalisation arguments: there are good things to report,...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Mick Moore (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2007: 11) 22 p.
Report in External Series | 2007

Maintaining the Process? Aid to Transitional Justice in Rwanda and Guatemala, 1995-2005

This report assesses the aid that was given in support of transitional justice processes in Rwanda and Guatemala between 1995 and 2005. The analysis is based on statistical data from...
Ingrid Samset, Stina S. Petersen, Vibeke Wang (2007)
Bonn: Working Group on Development and Peace (FriEnt) 42 p.
Commissioned Report | 2007

Decentralisation and gender. A study on coordination and cooperation in LGA for maternal health.

Tanzania initiated the Local Government Reform Programme in 1996. The objective of the reform is decentralisation by devolution, and to strengthen local authorities' ability to deliver quality and accessible services...
Siri Lange and Liss Schanke (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute 77 p. (Commissioned by the Royal Norwegian Embassy, Dar es Salaam and the Local Government reform Team)
CMI Working Paper | 2007

The Question of Becoming: Islamic Reform-Movements in Contemporary Ethiopia

Ethiopia's new political climate (since 1991) has enhanced the Muslims' opportunities for religious expressions, clearly seen through the surfacing of several Islamic reform movements. These movements; the Salafi movement, the...
Terje Østebø (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2007: 8) 20 p.
U4 Brief | 2007

Competition and corruption. What can the donor community do?

This Brief discusses how corruption might threaten the benefits of competition in a market. Corruption can result in too much market power for some firms and thus increase prices and...
Tina Søreide (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2007:8) 4 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2007

Tallmagi og bistand

I bistandspolitikken finner politikere og forskere nå sammen i en entusiasme for behagelige sannheter.12. oktober kommer økonomen Paul Collier til Oslo for å legge fram sin nye bok, «The Bottom...
Ingrid Samset og Astri Suhrke (2007)
Dagbladet 08.10.07
U4 Brief | 2007

Informal pay and the quality of health care: lessons from Tanzania

Informal payments for health services are common in many transitional and developing countries. Informal payments are often claimed to reduce access to health services, especially among the poorest. Impacts on...
Ottar Mæstad, Aziza Mwisongo (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2007:9) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2007

Budget, State and People. Budget Process, Civil Society and Transparency in Angola

This study discerns several deficiencies in the budget process in Angola. The government's budget proposal is not publicly debated, no pre-budget paper is prepared, comparisons between budgeted expenditure and actual...
Jan Isaksen, Inge Amundsen, Arne Wiig with Cesaltina Abreu (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2007: 7) 87 p.
Book Chapter | 2007

Business Corruption: Speak Out or Take Part?

A high level of corruption in a market implies that some firms will lose contracts because competitors offer bribes. An interesting question relates to the responses of the victimised firms:...
Tina Søreide (2007)
in Transparency International: Global Corruption Report 2007. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press pp. 338-341
CMI Report | 2007

"Xiculungo" - Social Relations of Urban Poverty in Maputo, Mozambique

This report is the second in a series of six participatory and qualitative studies on poverty in Mozambique, undertaken as part of the monitoring and evaluation of Mozambique's poverty reduction...
Inge Tvedten, Margarida Paulo, Carmeliza Rosário (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2007: 13) 102 p.
CMI Report | 2007

Rewarding Safe Motherhood: How can Performance-Based Funding Reduce Maternal and Newborn Mortality in Tanzania?

Performance-based funding has been proposed as one mechanism to speed up the implementation of interventions for reduced maternal and newborn mortality. This report investigates the potential role of such funding...
Ottar Mæstad (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2007:17)
Journal Article | 2007

What's in a Figure? Estimating Recurrence of Civil War

It is often said that a country that has experienced civil war has nearly a 50 per cent risk of sliding back into war within five years. This has been...
Astri Suhrke and Ingrid Samset (2007)
in International Peacekeeping vol. 14 no. 2 pp. 195-203
CMI Brief | 2007

Overloaded Planning Systems, Limited Fiscal Autonomy, but some Improvements in Service Delivery: Lessons from the Local Government Reform in Tanzania 2002 - 2005

This brief summarises some of the key findings of phase 1 (2002-2005) of the Formative Process Research Programme on the local government reform in Tanzania. The principal objective of the...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Einar Braathen and Amon Chaligha (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2007

Die steuerbasis verbreitern

Taxation matters for state-building. Bargaining over the budget and over tax policy is one of the primary ways in which different interests are reconciled in a democracy. For the sake...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2007)
in E+Z Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit. Internationale Zeitschrift vol. 48 no. 5 pp. 202-204
Journal Article | 2007

Broadening the Base

Taxation matters for state-building. Bargaining over the budget and over tax policy is one of the primary ways in which different interests are reconciled in a democracy. For the sake...
Fjeldstad, Odd-Helge (2007)
in D+C Development and Cooperation. International Journal vol. 34 no. 5 pp. 202-203
U4 Brief | 2006

Using financial performance indicators to promote transparency and accountability in health systems

This case-based brief presents experiences of district health management teams in South Africa, where interventions to improve district health planning and reporting, including the integration of financial data and service...
Taryn Vian, David Collins (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2006:1) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2006

Anti-Corruption in the Health Sector: Reducing Vulnerabilities to Corruption in User Fee Systems

Designed to promote efficiency and expand access to health care services by leveraging financial contributions from patients, user fee systems are in place in government and private facilities throughout the...
Taryn Vian (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2006:3)
Journal Article | 2006

Networks, Distance and Trust: Telecommunications Development and changing Trading Practices in Ghana

Ghana liberalized its telecommunications sector in 1995. This article examines the impact of the phenomenal growth in access to cell phones on informal traders' business practices. The study demonstrates how...
Ragnhild Overå (2006)
in World Development vol. 34 no. 7 July pp. 1301-1315
Journal Article | 2006

Aid, Growth and Peace: A Comparative Analysis

This article disaggregates aid data to enrich our understanding of the patterns of postconflict aid. We find that the front-loading of aid after a peace agreement, detected by previous research,...
Astri Suhrke and Julia Buckmaster (2006)
in Conflict, Security and Development vol. 6 no. 3 October pp. 337-363