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Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. (Forthcoming)
CMI Insight | Mar 2020

The changing role of Chinese development aid

In recent years, China has significantly increased its development interventions. China is now among the major providers of aid to Africa. Foreign aid has become an important tool in the...
Elling Tjønneland (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2020:2) 8 p.
Book Chapter | Mar 2020

Constituting Transitions: Predicting Unpredictability

This chapter examines how transitional governance arrangements are constituted in peace and transitions processes. We map and analyse the relationship between the legal ‘constitutionalisation’ of the transition, and the political...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2020)
in Emmanuel H. D. De Groof, Micha Wiebusch: International Law and Transitional Governance Critical Perspectives. London: Routledge
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Mar 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 1: Old issue, new concern – anti-corruption takes off

The two questions I’ve most often been asked are ‘why did development agencies like DFID only start to worry about corruption in the late 1990s, when the problem has been...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:1)
U4 Issue | Mar 2020

Incubating change-makers. Youth-driven innovative approaches to accountability in Nepal

Through their innovative ideas, an empowered youth have the potential to hold governments accountable and work towards the reduction of corruption. Incubator-type programmes can turn these ideas into solutions for...
Jenny Bentley, Saul Mullard (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:5)
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

The UAE’s Humanitarian Diplomacy: Claiming State Sovereignty, Regional Leverage and International Recognition

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) became the world’s third-largest donor of humanitarian aid relative to Gross National Income in 2016. The country was among the top five humanitarian assistance state-donors...
Deniz Gökalp (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:1) 11 p.
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

A place-based framework for assessing resettlement capacity in the context of climate change induced displacement

Place-based resettlement capacity assessments to identify potential resettlement places for climate migrants are needed to guide climate change related resettlement programs. The authors propose and validate a conceptual climate change...
Solomon Zena Walelign, Päivi Lujala (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:3) 46 p.
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

How do host–migrant proximities shape attitudes toward internal climate migrants?

Countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa exposed to the environmental consequences of climate change are predicted to see voluntary and forced internal migration on an unprecedented scale in the...
Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu, Ivar Kolstad, Minhaj Mahmud, Arne Wiig (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:2)
U4 Brief | Feb 2020

Ukraine’s High Anti-Corruption Court. Innovation for impartial justice

In 2018, Ukraine established a High Anti-Corruption Court (HACC). Ukrainian civil society groups, with the crucial support of the international community, pushed for this specialised court as a way to...
Ivanna Y. Kuz, Matthew C. Stephenson (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:3)
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Reciprocity networks, service delivery, and corruption: The wantok system in Papua New Guinea

In all countries, informal systems of reciprocity influence the distribution of state resources. These social networks help people cope with adversity but can also promote favouritism and corruption, posing a...
Grant Walton, David Jackson (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:1)
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Using legal empowerment to curb corruption and advance accountability

Legal empowerment refers to the use of laws and rights to increase relatively powerless populations’ control over their lives. A growing field, it overlaps with social accountability but emphasises laws...
Stephen Golub (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:4)
U4 Brief | Feb 2020

Improving audits to increase the effectiveness of development funding

Donors and development actors rely quite heavily on audit reports, despite their high cost and the disruption they cause. Yet it is questionable whether this reliance is justified as most...
Philip McMinn Mitchell (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:1)
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Overcoming the pitfalls of engaging communities in anti-corruption programmes

Effective engagement by communities is a crucial strategy for anti-corruption initiatives. However, encouraging involvement and civic-mindedness at a local level can present challenges for donors and practitioners. Trust, the sense...
Petra Burai (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:3)
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
Journal Article | Jan 2020

Income Guarantees and Borrowing in Risky Environments: Evidence from India's Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

This paper investigates the effects of an income guarantee on borrowing in a risky setting with marked seasonality. A three‐season, infinite‐horizon model is developed, in which the aims of smoothing...
Clive Bell and Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay (2020)
in Economica. Early view
Journal Article | Jan 2020

Kinship, Caste, and Health: Illness and Treatment in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates whether an individual’s relationship to the head of household and caste are associated with the level of his or her morbidity and, in the event of illness,...
Clive Bell and Susanne van Dillen (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56 no. 1 pp. 45-62
Journal Article | 2019

The Political, Research, Programmatic, and Social Responses to Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the 25 Years Since the International Conference on Population and Development

Among the ground-breaking achievements of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) was its call to place adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) on global health and development agendas....
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli et al. (2019)
in Journal of Adolescent Health vol. 65 no. 6
Journal Article | 2019

A Critique of the Humanitarian (B)order of Things

The reification of humanitarian borders generates a politics of crisis that weakens the capacity to produce structural political changes and legitimizes exceptionalism and the reproduction of hierarchized borders. In this...
Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Journal of Identity and Migration Studies vol. 13 no. 2 pp. 148-166
Journal Article | 2019

Gender parity and the symbolic representation of women in Senegal

Following the adoption of the Senegalese Law on Parity and the subsequent influx of women to the National Assembly, we saw a strong gendered polarisation of attitudes towards women as...
Marianne Tøraasen (2019)
in The Journal of Modern African Studies vol. 57 no. 3 pp. 459-481
Book Chapter | 2019

Is the current fiscal regime suitable for the development of Tanzania’s offshore gas reserves?

James Andilile, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari and Aslak Orre (2019)
in Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari and Kendra Dupuy: Governing petroleum resources: Prospects and challenges for Tanzania. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute & REPOA pp. 42-48