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Journal Article | Jan 2020

Income Guarantees and Borrowing in Risky Environments: Evidence from India's Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

This paper investigates the effects of an income guarantee on borrowing in a risky setting with marked seasonality. A three‐season, infinite‐horizon model is developed, in which the aims of smoothing...
Clive Bell and Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay (2020)
in Economica. Early view
Report in External Series | 2019

Transforming Pastoralist Mobility in West Darfur: Understanding Continuity and Change

In the Darfur Region of Sudan, patterns of livestock mobility and livelihood systems are continually adapting and transforming themselves in the face of multiple challenges. Earlier studies have shown that...
Hussein Sulieman and Helen Young (2019)
A Feinstein International Center publication, January 2019
Journal Article | 2018

Diversification and democracy

Does diversification of an economy improve the chances of democracy? In theory, diversification may reduce elite cohesion and improve citizen outside options, making democracy more likely. This paper estimates the...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2018)
in International Political Science Review vol. 39 no. 4 pp. 551-569
CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2017

Compensatory Livestock Thievery: A New Trend in Economic Crime In Dilling/South Kordofan State (2014–2016)

“Compensatory livestock thievery” within the greater Dilling locality in South Kordofan State (SKS) is an economic crime that was born out of a war environment. In this form of crime,...
Dr. Ahmed Elhassab, Mohammed Elhassab (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2017:3) 28 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Marginalisation and Poverty in Rural Malanje, Angola

Rural Angola has gone through decades of hardships with war and economic marginalisation – culminating with the current economic crisis. This brief is about ten rural communities in the province...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 18) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

A Different Yardstick: The Gendered Political Discourse in Malawi

The 2014 election campaign in Malawi focussed on gender rather than facts. In this brief we argue that the campaign showed a strong, conservative, culturally driven bias against Banda and...
Edrinnie Lora-Kayambazinthu, Edith Kalilombe Shame (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 5) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2015

Opposition parties and the decentralisation process in South Africa and Zambia

Theories of democratic decentralisation in democratising states suggest that such reforms will provide significant opportunities for parties in opposition at the national level by multiplying the arenas of political contestation....
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Lars Svåsand (2015)
in Commonwealth & Comparative Politics vol. 53 no. 4 pp. 475-496
Journal Article | 2014

Understanding Inequalities in Child Health in Ethiopia: Health Achievements Are Improving in the Period 2000– 2011

Objective: In Ethiopia, coverage of key health services is low, and community based services have been implemented to improve access to key services. This study aims to describe and assess the...
Eirin Kruger Skaftun, Merima Ali , Ole Frithjof Norheim (2014)
in Plos one vol. 9 no. 8
CMI Insight | 2014

Diversification of the Angolan economy

Angola has the second most concentrated economy in the world, oil representing more than 97 per cent of its exports in 2011. Concentration has increased since independence in 1975, and...
Alves da Rocha, Regina Santos, Luís Bonfim, Francisco Miguel Paulo , Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 2014:5) 6 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2014

Diversification and democracy

Does diversification of an economy improve the chances of democracy? This paper estimates the effect of export diversification on democracy levels, using data from 143 countries. The endogeneity of diversification...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:9) 36 p.
Journal Article | 2014

Why don't clinicians adhere more consistently to the guidelines for Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)?

The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) has been introduced to reduce child morbidity and mortality in countries with a poor health infrastructure. Previous studies have documented a poor adherence...
Lange, S., A. Mwisongo, and O. Mæstad (2014)
in Social Science and Medicine vol. 104 pp. 56-63
U4 Brief | 2013

Preventing the misuse of shell companies by regulating corporate service providers

Corporate service providers supply the shell companies that are commonly used to launder illicit funds, including the proceeds of corruption. Effectively regulating these service providers is one important way to...
Jason Sharman (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2013:7) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2013

Between Sharia and CEDAW in Sudan: Islamist women negotiating gender equity

This chapter explores how women’s rights and obligations are understood and negotiated within the context of an Islamic state in Sudan. It particularly deals with the ongoing debate on The...
Liv Tønnessen (2013)
in Rachel Sieder and John McNeish: Gender Justice and Legal Pluralities: Latin American and African Perspectives. New York: Routledge-Cavendish
Angola Brief | 2012

Does diversification improve institutions in resource rich countries?

Angola is the world’s second most concentrated country in terms of exports. Furthermore, concentration has increased during recent years. Angola also faces the challenge of a resource curse prevalent in...
Arne Wiig, Ivar Kolstad (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 2 no. 5) 4 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2012

Is oil-rich Angola a development success?

Ten years after the end of its civil war, Angola, which is heading to the polls Friday, has been transformed into a regional African power with a strong economy, but...
Arne Wiig and Ivar Kolstad (2012)
CNN 30.08.2012
U4 Brief | 2012

Corruption et REDD+ : Identifier les risques dans une situation complexe

La corruption et différents facteurs peuvent exercer une influence à double tranchant sur la déforestation. Dans le cadre des procédures nationales de mise en oeuvre de l’initiative REDD+, les donateurs...
André Standing (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2012:4) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2011

The Governance of infrastructure regulation: An economist's view

INTRODUCTION: Network industries—electricity, gas, road, telecommunications, and private water supply—need regulation in one way or the other. Very often only one network operates in a given market. The expenses of...
Tina Søreide (2011)
in Antonio Estache : Emerging issues in competition, collusion and regulation of network industries . London : Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
Journal Article | 2011

The ANC and power concentration in South Africa: does local democracy allow for power-sharing?

Concentration of power in the hands of the executive is one of the key challenges to democratic consolidation in Africa. Since the early 1990s, the African National Congress (ANC) has...
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas (2011)
in Democratization vol. 18 no. 5 pp. 1067-1086
Report in External Series | 2010

Good governance in Nigeria: A study in political economy and donor support

The study makes recommendations for Norway’s strategic approach to governance in Nigeria based on a political economy analysis.  Norad was requested to undertake the study by the Norwegian Embassy in...
Inge Amundsen (2010)
Oslo: Norad (Norad Report Discussion no. 17/2010) 74 p.