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CMI Report | Jun 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: Insights from Zambia

What does it take for a female politician to win a party nomination? We still know little about women’s entry into politics in countries without formal gender quotas. Using data...
Vibeke Wang, Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:1) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2019

Stuck in Transition: Political Corruption as Power Abuse

The final chapter summarises some of the findings of the previous country analyses, against the background of the conceptual pair of extractive and power-preserving political corruption. It is argued that...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book Chapter | 2019

Extractive and Power-Preserving Political Corruption

This introductory chapter outlines the distinctions between, on the one hand, political and bureaucratic corruption, and, on the other hand, between extractive and power-preserving corruption. It is argued that the...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
CMI Brief | 2019

Beyond Islamist Extremism: Women and the Algerian Uprisings of 2019

February 22, 2019, marked a watershed moment in Algeria’s history, and a key moment in the struggle for women’s rights. For the first time since its independence 57 years ago,...
Aili Mari Tripp (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:09) 6 p.
Journal Article | 2019

The Taliban and the humanitarian soldier: Configurations of freedom and humanity in Afghanistan

Humanitarian wars are a primary means of globally affirming a specific model of humanity, built according to the cultural, moral, and economic standards of Western democracies. How are forms of...
Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Anuac vol. 8 no. 1 pp. 31-57
Journal Article | 2019

Elite behaviour and citizen mobilization

This paper studies the relation between self-serving elite behaviour and citizen political participation. We use a fixed effects approach to analyze the association between portfolio investment in tax havens and...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2019)
in European Journal of Political Research vol. 58 no. 2 pp. 769-794
Journal Article | 2019

Humanitarian Militarism and the Production of Humanity

The limits and consequences of humanitarian military operations continue to be major issues in Western public debates on global security, democracy and human rights. This article focuses on the intersection...
Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Social Anthropology vol. 27 no. 1 pp. 84-99
Journal Article | 2018

Diversification and democracy

Does diversification of an economy improve the chances of democracy? In theory, diversification may reduce elite cohesion and improve citizen outside options, making democracy more likely. This paper estimates the...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2018)
in International Political Science Review vol. 39 no. 4 pp. 551-569
Journal Article | 2018

A Good Ally - Norway and International Statebuilding in Afghanistan, 2001-2014

The article examines the findings of the Commission of Inquiry established by the Norwegian government in 2014 to evaluate all aspects of Norway's civilian and military contribution to the international operation in...
Mats Berdal, Astri Suhrke (2018)
in Journal of Strategic Studies
Book | 2018

Taxing Africa: Coercion, Reform and Development

It has long been debated whether Africa's lack of growth is best explained by the continent's exploitation by the global system, or by internal failures of domestic political leadership, and...
Mick Moore, Wilson Prichard and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
London/New York: Zed Books (African Arguments Book Series,) 216 p.
CMI Insight | 2018

Breaking BAD: Understanding Backlash Against Democracy in Africa

There is a trend of democratic retrenchment across the African continent. Despite democratic gains in some states, the overall tendency over the past decade has been the erosion of democratic...
Lise Rakner (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:3)
Book Chapter | 2018

Transitional Justice for Human Rights: The Legacy and Future of Truth and Reconciliation Commissions

Truth commissions are an integral component of transitional justice, that is, formal and informal mechanisms set up by the state or civil society to address human rights violations committed in...
Elin Skaar (2018)
in Gerd Oberleitner: International Human Rights Institutions, Tribunals, and Courts. International Human Rights. Singapore: Springer pp. 1-21
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

The ruins of Bangladesh’s LGBT community

What was once a fledgling lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community in the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka is now destroyed. In 2014 and 2015 the Bangladeshi gay scene was...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, Australia 23.03.2018
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
Journal Article | 2018

Do donors reduce bilateral aid to countries with restrictive NGO laws?: A panel study, 1993-2012

Foreign aid contributes to about 10% of gross domestic product of developing countries. To distribute aid in recipient countries, Western donors increasingly rely on non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Yet, since the...
Kendra Dupuy & Aseem Prakash (2018)
in Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly vol. 47 no. 1 pp. 89-106
Journal Article | 2018

Critiques of Human Rights

Empirical critiques of human rights have reached a crescendo. Despite their centrality in late modernity, human rights face claims of irrelevance and predictions of demise. These social science–inflected assessments follow...
Malcolm Langford (2018)
in Annual Review of Law and Social Science vol. Vol. 14 pp. 69-89
CMI Brief | 2018

Humanitarian borders: The merging of rescue with security and control

In the past few years, mass-media and political actors, especially emergent populist and right-wing political movements, effectively enhanced sentiments of panic and fear nourished by the idea that there is...
Antonio De Lauri (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:11) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2018

Democratic Revolutions? Insights on Social Stability and Social Change From Psychology and Politics

There is growing psychological evidence that various processes differently contribute to our propensity to support or challenge the status quo; to embrace change or to reject it. What is more,...
Siri Neset and Lucas B. Mazur (2018)
in Brady Wagoner, Ignacio Bresco de Luna, Vlad Glaveanu: The Road to Actualized Democracy: A Psychological Exploration. Charlotte: Information Age Publishing
Book | 2018

The Politics of the Headscarf in the United States

The Politics of the Headscarf in the United States investigates the social and political effects of the practice of Muslim-American women wearing the headscarf (hijab) in a non-Muslim state. The...
Bozena C. Welborne, Aubrey L. Westfall, Özge Çelik Russell, Sarah A. Tobin (2018)
Ithaca: Cornell University Press 264 p.