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U4 Brief | Feb 2020

Ukraine’s High Anti-Corruption Court. Innovation for impartial justice

In 2018, Ukraine established a High Anti-Corruption Court (HACC). Ukrainian civil society groups, with the crucial support of the international community, pushed for this specialised court as a way to...
Ivanna Y. Kuz, Matthew C. Stephenson (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:3)
TNRC Publication | 2019

Understanding effects of corruption on law enforcement and environmental crime

Law enforcement agencies monitor and enforce laws that protect landscapes, seascapes, and the species that inhabit them. Corruption helps violators circumvent these laws and regulations and makes law enforcement a...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium
Report in External Series | 2019

Building accountable resource governance institutions

Formal institutions are central actors in natural resource governance decisions and a key arena in which policies, laws and regulations ranging from forest concessions to trade in wildlife products are...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium (TNRC Introductory Overview)
Journal Article | 2019

Gender parity and the symbolic representation of women in Senegal

Following the adoption of the Senegalese Law on Parity and the subsequent influx of women to the National Assembly, we saw a strong gendered polarisation of attitudes towards women as...
Marianne Tøraasen (2019)
in The Journal of Modern African Studies vol. 57 no. 3 pp. 459-481
Book Chapter | 2019

Stuck in Transition: Political Corruption as Power Abuse

The final chapter summarises some of the findings of the previous country analyses, against the background of the conceptual pair of extractive and power-preserving political corruption. It is argued that...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book Chapter | 2019

Congenitally Conjoined and Inseparable: Politics and Corruption in Nigeria

This chapter analyses political corruption in Nigeria through the trajectory of a number of scandals and their background. It underscores the resilience of political corruption in the country, where the...
Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo, Vaclav Prusa, Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Edited Book | 2019

Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation

Analysing political corruption as a distinct but separate entity from bureaucratic corruption, this timely book separates these two very different social phenomena in a way that is often overlooked in...
Inge Amundsen (ed.) (2019)
Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd. c 200 p.
U4 Issue | 2019

Corruption in universities: Paths to integrity in the higher education subsector

Corruption and fraud in higher education is a global scourge that hinders human capital formation, especially in developing countries. It ranges from political capture of universities to favouritism in admissions,...
Monica Kirya (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:10)
Journal Article | 2019

Elite behaviour and citizen mobilization

This paper studies the relation between self-serving elite behaviour and citizen political participation. We use a fixed effects approach to analyze the association between portfolio investment in tax havens and...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2019)
in European Journal of Political Research vol. 58 no. 2 pp. 769-794
Book Chapter | 2019

Children’s Rights’ Indexes: Measuring Norway’s Performance

Global indexes are commonly used to measure a country’s performance, including on the implementation of human rights conventions. Such audit-like tools project neutrality and avoid the charges of anecdotal evidence....
Malcolm Langford and Tori Loven Kirkebø (2019)
in Malcolm Langford , Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.): Children's Rights in Norway An Implementation Paradox?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget pp. 42-99
Book Chapter | 2019

The ‘Secret Loans Affair’ and Political Corruption in Mozambique

In 2016, the ‘secret loans affair’ sprung on to the Mozambican political scene with the discovery that three government-owned companies – controlled by the military intelligence – had borrowed around...
Adriano Nuvunga and Aslak Orre (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Det politiske spillet truer Amazonas

Brasils president Jair Bolsonaros har ingen ønsker om å la klimahensyn gå foran økonomisk vekst. Hans planer for regnskogen kan føre til både folkemord og klimakatastrofe. Og han er ikke...
Camila Gianella,Samson Kleven (2019)
Journal Article | 2019

How does information about elite tax evasion affect political participation: Experimental evidence from Tanzania

We present results of a randomized field experiment where voters in Tanzania were given information about elite use of tax havens. Information provided in a neutral form had no effect,...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2019)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 55 no. 4 pp. 509-526
Journal Article | 2019

The political economy of banking in Angola

From inauspicious beginnings in a post-socialist, highly dysfunctionalfinancial system, Angolan banking grew in less than a decade after theend of the country's long civil war into one of Africa's largest....
Manuel Ennes Ferreira and Ricardo Soares de Oliveira (2019)
in African Affairs vol. 118 no. 470 pp. 49-74
Journal Article | 2018

Diversification and democracy

Does diversification of an economy improve the chances of democracy? In theory, diversification may reduce elite cohesion and improve citizen outside options, making democracy more likely. This paper estimates the...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2018)
in International Political Science Review vol. 39 no. 4 pp. 551-569
Book | 2018

Taxing Africa: Coercion, Reform and Development

It has long been debated whether Africa's lack of growth is best explained by the continent's exploitation by the global system, or by internal failures of domestic political leadership, and...
Mick Moore, Wilson Prichard and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
London/New York: Zed Books (African Arguments Book Series,) 216 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Building a better world by establishing a Truth Commission: Incomplete healing in El Salvador

On 17 October 1992, as a consultant to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, I visited the village of Corinto to collect stories of ‘grave cases of violence’....
Stener Ekern (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:7) 19 p.
U4 Issue | 2018

Engaging customary authority in community-driven development to reduce corruption risks

Customary authority can provide a source of resistance to corruption and capture of resources in community-driven development ? but it can also be part of those problems. How to know...
Jennifer Murtazashvili , David Jackson (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:3)
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
Report in External Series | 2018

How do voters respond to information on self-serving elite behaviour? Evidence from a randomized survey experiment in Tanzania

Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2018)
Helsinki: UNU-WIDER (WIDER Working Paper no. 11/2018)