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Journal Article | 2019

Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa

We argue that polygyny creates a social imbalance where few, economically well-off men marry many wives and many poor men marry late or never. By definition, polygyny produces what we...
Carlo Koos, Clara Neupert-Wentz (2019)
in Journal of Conflict Resolution
Journal Article | 2019

Colonial legacy, state building and the salience of ethnicity in Sub-Saharan Africa

African colonial history suggests that British colonial rule may have undermined state centralisation due to legacies of ethnic segregation and stronger executive constraints. Using micro-data from anglophone and francophone countries...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Boqian Jiang and Abdulaziz Shifa (2019)
in The Economic Journal vol. 129 no. 617 pp. 1048-1081
Journal Article | 2019

Ethnically Biased? Experimental Evidence from Kenya

Ethnicity has been shown to shape political, social, and economic behavior in Africa, but the underlying mechanisms remain contested. We utilize lab experiments to isolate one mechanism—an individual's bias in...
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Simon Galle, Edward Miguel, Daniel N. Posner, Bertil Tungodden, Kelly Zhang (2019)
in Journal of the European Economic Association vol. 18 no. 1
Book Chapter | 2019

Locating China's Maritime Silk Road in the context of the South China Sea disputes

The South China Sea (SCS) is a bitterly contested maritime battleground for state sovereignty, oil and gas and, perhaps above all, for the marine resources on which large populations of...
Edyta Roszko (2019)
in Carmen Amado Mendes: China's New Silk Road: An Emerging World Order. London: Routledge: Taylor&Francis Group pp. 165-179
Journal Article | 2018

'Goats eat where they are tied up': illicit and habitual corruption in Mozambique

The article shows that corruption is structural and omnipresent in Mozambican society, effectively legitimising corrupt practices at all levels. Using an anthropological approach, it argues that small-scale corruption has the...
Inge Tvedten and Rachi Picardo (2018)
in Review of African Political Economy vol. 45 no. 158
Report in External Series | 2017

Nepal: A political economy analysis

This report is an integrated political economy analysis of Nepal. The main finding is that economic growth and poverty reduction have been steady in Nepal since the mid-1980s independently of...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2017)
NUPI (Report)
CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Fishermen and Territorial Anxieties in China and Vietnam: Narratives of the South China Sea beyond the Nation Frame

In the geopolitical conflict over the South China Sea (SCS), fishers are at the center of Chinese and Vietnamese cartographic imaginations that define the sea as either “Chinese” or “Vietnamese”...
Edyta Roszko (2017)
in Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review vol. 6 no. 1 pp. 20-51
Journal Article | 2017

Constellations of Power and Authority in the Political Economy of Illegal Timber Extraction in BTAD, Assam

This article seeks to comprehend the way the illegal timber economy in the Bodoland Territorial Autonomous Council (BTAD) in Assam is integrated within a constellation of power and authority. Based...
Anwesha Dutta and Bert Suykens (2017)
in Alternatives: Global, Local, Political vol. 42 no. 3 pp. 146-165
Report in External Series | 2017

Malawi: A Political Economy Analysis

This report provides a comprehensive political economy analysis of contemporary Malawi. The country epitomises the primacy of patrimonial politics – including endemic corruption – with a powerful presidency at the...
Arne Tostensen (2017)
Oslo: Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt 81 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Kriser og kriger – er det bruk for oss nå?

Kriser og kriger – er det bruk for oss nå? - Nr 01 - 2017 - Norsk antropologisk tidsskrift - Idunn - tidsskrifter på nett // <![CDATA[ var module = 'article'; var...
Gunnar Sørbø (2017)
Norsk antropologisk tidsskrift
CMI Brief | 2016

Marginalisation and Poverty in Rural Malanje, Angola

Rural Angola has gone through decades of hardships with war and economic marginalisation – culminating with the current economic crisis. This brief is about ten rural communities in the province...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 18) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Violence against women in the context of urban poverty in Angola

Violence against women is widespread in Angola. This brief presents the main findings in a recent study of how violence against women is playing out in the context of urban...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen, Margareth Nangacovie (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 16) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2016

«Nowadays there are shoot-outs all the time». Women, children, and Police Pacification Units (UPPs) in Rocinha, Rio de Janeiro.

Executive summary This CMI Working paper explores the implementation of the Brazilian government’s favela (shantytown) policing program, Unidades de Pacificacion Policiais (UPP) or The Pacifying Police Units, from the point of...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:7) 28 p.
Journal Article | 2016

Female Empowerment and the Education of Children in Nepal

There is sufficient evidence to say that female empowerment affects economic and social outcomes, in particular for girls. There is, however, no unified approach to the measurement of female empowerment....
Magnus Hatlebakk and Yogendra B. Gurung (2016)
in Journal of Developing Areas vol. 50 no. 2 pp. 1-19
CMI Working Paper | 2016

“A Civil-Military Alliance”: The Venezuelan Armed Forces before and during the Chávez era

Executive summary When Hugo Chávez (1954–2013) came to power in Venezuela in 1998, the military was bestowed with a new—and controversial—role in society. Being a former career military himself, a central...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:4)
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

Civil society and peace building in Sudan: A critical look

Abstract The role of civil society organizations in peace making and peace building is often valorized, especially in countries that witness protracted conflicts. The assumption underlying this valorization is that while...
Munzoul A. M. Assal (University of Khartoum) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:2) 24 p.
CMI Insight | 2016

Ending child marriages – new laws bring progress but hurdles remain

Reform of family law is considered among the most difficult to achieve since it contests ‘the notion of women and children as property’.  There is a continuum ranging from criminalization...
Vibeke Wang (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 4) 8 p.
Journal Article | 2016

Does violence pay? The effect of ethnic rebellion on overcoming political deprivation

Studies have found that politically deprived groups are more likely to rebel. However, does rebellion increase the likelihood of achieving political rights? This article proposes that rebellion helps ethnic groups...
Carlo Koos (2016)
in Conflict Management and Peace Science vol. 33 no. 1 pp. 3-24
Journal Article | 2016

The Effects of Oil Production and Ethnic Representation on Violent Conflict in Nigeria: A Mixed-Methods Approach

A large qualitative literature on violent conflict in Nigeria has identified the importance of oil production and ethnicity as salient factors in understanding violence, especially in the oil-rich Niger Delta....
Carlo Koos, Jan Pierskalla (2016)
in Terrorism and Political Violence vol. 28 no. 5 pp. 888-911