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Journal Article | forthcoming 2021

Citizens’ preferences for taxation of internationally mobile corporations: Evidence from Tanzania

The legitimacy of the tax system is likely to be compromised in the absence of public support. This article presents evidence from a discrete choice experiment designed to elicit the...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig & Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2021)
in Review of Development Economics
Journal Article | Mar 2021

Understanding the resource curse: A large-scale experiment on corruption in Tanzania

Corruption is considered an important driver of the resource curse in developing countries. Based on a large-scale field experiment in Tanzania, this paper studies how the salience of future natural...
Alexander Cappelen, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Bertil Tungodden (2021)
in Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization vol. 183 pp. 129-157
Journal Article | Jan 2021

Pay-for-performance reduces bypassing of health facilities: evidence from Tanzania

Sosina Bezu Chiksa, Peter John Binyaruka, Ottar Mæstad, Vincent Somville (2021)
in Social Science and Medicine vol. 268 pp. -
Journal Article | Jan 2021

Justifiable energy injustices? Exploring institutionalised corruption and electricity sector “problem-solving” in Ghana and Kenya

The persistence of corruption amid intensified anti-corruption initiatives suggests that entitlement notions underpinning involvement in corrupt practices deserve greater attention. Recent evidence from Africa’s energy sector emphasises the functionality of...
Festus Boamah, David Aled Williams, Joana Afful (2021)
in Energy Research and Social Science vol. 73
CMI Working Paper | Jan 2021

Resettlement capacity assessments for climate induced displacements: Evidence from Ethiopia

Climate change migration is increasing and necessitates a re-examination of resettlement planning and processes. Although evidence-based selection of host places would improve climate change resettlement outcomes, few methods for the...
Solomon Zena Walelign, Susan L. Cutter and Päivi Lujala (2021)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2021:01) 48 p.
Journal Article | 2020

A needs assessment for postgraduate training in selected public health disciplines: evidence from health services organisations in Lusaka, Zambia

Background As most low and middle-income countries seek to achieve universal health coverage targets, there is an ever-increasing need to train human resources with the required core skills and competencies. This...
Maio Bulawayo, Adam Silumbwe, Margarate Nzala Munakampe, Nawa Mukumbuta, Juliet Musabula, Mwimba Chewe, Chris Mweemba, Charles Michelo, Peter Hangoma (2020)
in BMC health services research vol. 20 no. 1 pp. 1-10
Journal Article | 2020

Health equity and COVID-19: global perspectives

The COVID-19 is disproportionally affecting the poor, minorities and a broad range of vulnerable populations, due to its inequitable spread in areas of dense population and limited mitigation capacity due...
Efrat Shadmi, Yingyao Chen, Inês Dourado, Inbal Faran-Perach, John Furler, Peter Hangoma, Piya Hanvoravongchai, Claudia Obando, Varduhi Petrosyan, Krishna D Rao, Ana Lorena Ruano, Leiyu Shi, Luis Eugenio De Souza, Sivan Spitzer-Shohat, Elizabeth Sturgiss, Rapeepong Suphanchaimat, (2020)
in Login International Journal for Equity in Health vol. 19 no. 1 pp. 1-16
Journal Article | 2020

Corruption and Anti-Corruption in Environmental and Resource Management

Corruption significantly affects the large majority of countries, and it has negative social and economic impacts. Its impacts on environmental and resource management (ERM) sectors are less well understood. We...
Luca Tacconi, David Aled Williams (2020)
in Annual Review of Environment and Resources vol. 45 pp. 305-329
Journal Article | 2020

Household Bargaining and Spending on Children: Experimental Evidence from Tanzania

This paper studies whether an increase in women's intrahousehold bargaining power causes couples to allocate more resources to their child's education, and, if so, what the underlying mechanisms for this...
Charlotte Ringdal and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen (2020)
in Economica
Journal Article | 2020

Climate Change and Index Insurance Demand: Evidence from a Framed Field Experiment in Tanzania

Index insurance has been touted as part of an adaptation strategy to mitigate climate risks among smallholder farmers. However, in the face of increasing drought probabilities, demand for index insurance...
John P. Dougherty, Jon Einar Flåtnes, Richard A. Gallenstein, Mario J. Miranda, Abdoul G. Sam (2020)
in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization vol. 175 pp. 155-184
Master's Thesis | 2020

The effect of a supply shock in the production of cocaine on violence: Evidence from Colombia and Venezuela

Using data on coca cultivation and homicides, this paper analyzes an otherwise little researched topic, linking cocaine production and violence in Colombia. I use an exogenous supply shock in gasoline,...
Monica Beeder (2020)
Journal Article | 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56
U4 Issue | 2020

Values education for public integrity. What works and what doesn’t

Schools and universities in various countries are teaching youth about integrity norms and values. Despite limited evidence on effectiveness, some good practices and lessons learned have emerged. Development partners, multilateral...
Carissa Munro, Monica Kirya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:8)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 4. Evidence on anti-corruption – the struggle to understand what works

The evidence base for donors’ anti-corruption work points to some inconvenient truths about the prospects for success. We are far from possessing a coherent understanding of what should be done...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:4)
U4 Report | 2020

Submission to the UK Parliament International Development Committee “Effectiveness of UK Aid Inquiry”, 2020

Corruption in its various guises is well established as an impediment both to aid effectiveness and broader development goals: this is why anti-corruption efforts are a core aspect of official development...
David Aled Williams (2020)
Presented at: International Development Committee, House of Commons, UK
CMI Working Paper | 2020

How do host–migrant proximities shape attitudes toward internal climate migrants?

Countries in Latin America, Asia, and Africa exposed to the environmental consequences of climate change are predicted to see voluntary and forced internal migration on an unprecedented scale in the...
Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu, Ivar Kolstad, Minhaj Mahmud, Arne Wiig (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:2)
Journal Article | 2020

How do host–migrant proximities shape attitudes toward internal climate migrants?

Climate change is predicted to cause voluntary and forced internal migration on an unprecedented scale in the coming decades. Yet, research on host communities that will be on the front...
Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu, Ivar Kolstad, Minhaj Mahmud, Arne Wiig (2020)
in Global Environmental Change vol. 65
Journal Article | 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
Journal Article | 2020

Income Guarantees and Borrowing in Risky Environments: Evidence from India's Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

This paper investigates the effects of an income guarantee on borrowing in a risky setting with marked seasonality. A three‐season, infinite‐horizon model is developed, in which the aims of smoothing...
Clive Bell and Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay (2020)
in Economica. Early view
Journal Article | 2020

Kinship, Caste, and Health: Illness and Treatment in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates whether an individual’s relationship to the head of household and caste are associated with the level of his or her morbidity and, in the event of illness,...
Clive Bell and Susanne van Dillen (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56 no. 1 pp. 45-62