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Journal Article | Jan 2021

Gender, regulation, and corporate social responsibility in the extractive sector: The case of Equinor’s social investments in Tanzania

Multinational corporations have been criticised for their rhetorical support to - as opposed to substantive engagement with - gender equality in their corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities in poor countries....
Siri Lange,Victoria Wyndham (2021)
in Women's Studies: International Forum vol. 84 pp. 1-8
Journal Article | 2020

The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?

  Angola experienced an extraordinary oil boom between 2004 and 2014. During this period, oil revenue accounted for 80% of all government revenue. In 2011, the Government of Angola started implementing...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo (2020)
in The Extractive Industries and Society vol. 7
Journal Article | 2020

Corruption and Anti-Corruption in Environmental and Resource Management

Corruption significantly affects the large majority of countries, and it has negative social and economic impacts. Its impacts on environmental and resource management (ERM) sectors are less well understood. We...
Luca Tacconi, David Aled Williams (2020)
in Annual Review of Environment and Resources vol. 45
U4 Issue | 2020

A Theory of Change for the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Designing resource governance pathways to improve developmental outcomes

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative is a major international effort to disclose information about extractive activities. Having an explicit Theory of Change could help it to improve natural resource governance...
Philippe Le Billon, Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:11)
Book Chapter | 2019

Stuck in Transition: Political Corruption as Power Abuse

The final chapter summarises some of the findings of the previous country analyses, against the background of the conceptual pair of extractive and power-preserving political corruption. It is argued that...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book Chapter | 2019

Congenitally Conjoined and Inseparable: Politics and Corruption in Nigeria

This chapter analyses political corruption in Nigeria through the trajectory of a number of scandals and their background. It underscores the resilience of political corruption in the country, where the...
Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo, Vaclav Prusa, Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book Chapter | 2019

Extractive and Power-Preserving Political Corruption

This introductory chapter outlines the distinctions between, on the one hand, political and bureaucratic corruption, and, on the other hand, between extractive and power-preserving corruption. It is argued that the...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Edited Book | 2019

Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation

Analysing political corruption as a distinct but separate entity from bureaucratic corruption, this timely book separates these two very different social phenomena in a way that is often overlooked in...
Inge Amundsen (ed.) (2019)
Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd. c 200 p.
Book | 2019

Corruption, évitement fiscal, blanchiment dans le secteur extractif: de l'art de jouer avec le droit

Le pétrole, le gaz et les minerais sont des ressources indispensables pour le bon fonctionnement de nos économies et sont très convoitées. Elles sont ainsi particulièrement propices à l’émergence de...
Sophie Lemaître (2019)
Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes (L'univers des normes)
Journal Article | 2019

Illicit financial flows within the extractive industries sector: a glance at how legal requirements can be manipulated and diverted

The extractive industries sector is considered to be one of the most prone to illicit financial flows. To date, numerous instruments at the national, regional and international level have been...
Sophie Lemaître (2019)
in Crime, Law and Social Change vol. 71 no. 1 pp. 107-128
Book Chapter | 2019

The ‘Secret Loans Affair’ and Political Corruption in Mozambique

In 2016, the ‘secret loans affair’ sprung on to the Mozambican political scene with the discovery that three government-owned companies – controlled by the military intelligence – had borrowed around...
Adriano Nuvunga and Aslak Orre (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Journal Article | 2018

Should developing countries establish petroleum funds?

Many natural resource abundant countries have established sovereign wealth funds as part of their strategy of managing the resource wealth. The paper looks into different arguments used as reasons to...
Ragnar Torvik (2018)
in The Energy Journal vol. 39 no. 4
CMI Report | 2018

Can Smallholders benefit from the new market opportunities from the extractive industry in Tanzania?

The recent discovery of huge oil and gas reserves in Tanzania has created a new opportunity for economic growth and development of the country. Tanzania is expected to be one...
Sosina Bezu, Espen Villanger, Abel Alfred Kinyondo (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:8) 38 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Rethinking access. Key methodological challenges in studying energy companies.

Understanding the role of large energy corporations in society is a crucial, yet challenging task for the social science of energy. Ethnographic methods hold potential for plying into corporations' own...
Müftüoglu IB, Knudsen S, Dale RF, Eiken O, Rajak D, Lange S (2018)
in Energy Research & Social Science
Journal Article | 2018

The Other Side of Taxation: Extraction and Social Institutions in the Developing World

The fiscal sociology literature views the state at the heart of development, but in most developing countries, formal taxation is limited. Instead, local residents make substantial contributions outside the state...
Ellen Lust and Lise Rakner (2018)
in Annual review of Political Science vol. 21 pp. 277-294
CMI Brief | 2017

Prospects for peace in a petro-state: Gas extraction and participation in violence in Tanzania

Significant petroleum discoveries in Tanzania have shaped the country’s political discourse in recent years, with politicians promising to turn this newfound resource wealth into rapid economic growth and poverty reduction....
Andreas Stølan, Benjamin Engebretsen, Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Vincent Somville, Cornel Jahari, Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 10) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Alternatives to local content

This paper discusses whether and to what extent resource-rich developing countries should introduce local content policies, i.e. requirements to include local inputs in petroleum extraction activities of multinational corporations. We...
Ivar Kolstad and Abel Kinyondo (2017)
in Oxford Development Studies
Book Chapter | 2017

The rise and fall of the mining royalty regime in Zambia

Zambia has a long history of disputed changes of the mining tax regime with damaging effects on the working relations between the Government and the mining sector. A shared assumption...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Caleb Fundanga and Lise Rakner (2017)
in Fjeldstad, Sigrid Klæboe Jacobsen, Peter Ringstad and Honest Prosper Ngowi : Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute pp. 120-124
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
U4 Brief | 2017

Has the EITI been successful? Reviewing evaluations of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

Has the EITI been successful? Many efforts have been devoted to improving resource governance through the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. A review of 50 evaluations concludes that the EITI has...
Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad, Philippe Le Billon (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:5) 6 p