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Journal Article | Jun 2019

Family Law Reform, Employment, and Women’s Political Participation in Ethiopia

Research showing that there is strong correlation between increased female labor force participation and women’s political participation is essentially based on empirical data from Western, democratic, and developed contexts. In...
Lovise Aalen, Andreas Kotsadam, Espen Villanger (2019)
in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 189-192 vol. 26 no. 2 299-323 p.
CMI Report | Feb 2019

Review of the realisation of Norway’s “Strategy for intensifying international efforts for the elimination of female genital mutilation for the period 2014–2017”

This report was commissioned by Norad and the evaluation was realised by Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI). Joar Svanemyr is the main author of the report. Camilla Gianella at CMI and...
Joar Svanemyr (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:16)
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Kinship, Caste and Health: Illness and Treatment in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates whether an individual’s relationship to the head of household and caste are associated with the level of his or her morbidity and, in the event of illness,...
Clive Bell, Susanne van Dillen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:6) 35 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Life skills in non-formal contexts for adolescent girls in developing countries

Executive summary How can young women in developing countries best be prepared for success in their lives and livelihoods? Life preparation requires learning different types of knowledge and skills in formal,...
Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen, Sandra Halvorsen, Christina Kwauk (Brookings Institution), Amanda Braga (Brookings Institution), Helyn Kim (Brookings Institution) (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:5) 115 p.
U4 Brief | 2018

Close the political gender gap to reduce corruption. How women's political agenda and risk aversion restricts corrupt behaviour

Including women in local councils is strongly negatively associated with the prevalence of both petty and grand forms of corruption. This reduction in corruption is primarily experienced among women. A...
Monika Bauhr, Nicholas Charron, Lena Wängnerud (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:3)
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Adultery, rape, and escaping the house: The protection and policing of female sexuality in Afghanistan

This working paper undertakes an initial survey of the dynamics through which the criminalization of female sexuality structures women’s access to protection against rape in Afghanistan, examining both legislation and...
Torunn Wimpelmann (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:9) 16 p.
CMI Report | 2017

Family law reform in Sudan: competing claims for gender justice between sharia and women’s human rights

This paper focuses on family law reform in Sudan-a country that has been in a state of perpetual conflict that stretches back long before its independence in 1956. The signing...
Samia El Nagar, Liv Tønnessen (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2017:5) 28 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

What causes Latin America’s high incidence of adolescent pregnancy?

Latin America is the only region in the world where adolescent pregnancies are not decreasing. According to a recent article in the Lancet, if the current trend continues, Latin American...
Camila Gianella, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado, Angelica Peñas Defago (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 9) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2017

Weak law forbidding female genital mutilation in Red Sea State, Sudan

This paper critically investigates the criminalization of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in Red Sea, a state with one of the highest prevalence rates of FGM/C in Sudan (where 89% of...
Samia al-Nagar, Liv Tønnessen, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2017:1) 16 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

It Takes a Female Chief: Gender and Effective Policy Advocacy in Malawi

Traditional leadership often coexists with modernpolitical institutions, yet we know little about how traditional and state authority cues—or those from male or female sources—affect public support for human rights issues....
Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Lindsay J. Benstead, Boniface Dulani and Lise Rakner (2017)
Gothenburg: The Program on Governance and Local Development, University of Gothenburg no. Working Paper No. 11
CMI Brief | 2017

Perpetual Hardships: Female Poverty in Rural Malanje, Angola

Rural poverty in Angola is severe and gendered. This brief draws on qualitative field research in ten rural communities in the municipality of Kalandula, Malanje province. It shows that female...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen, Osvaldo Silva, Margaret Nangacovie, Cláudio Fortuna (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 4) 4 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2017

Papirtigere beskytter ikke mot kjønnslemlestelse i Sudan

I store deler av Sudan er kjønnslemlestelse av jenter fremdeles vanlig. Ni av ti kvinner er omskåret. I 2008 satte aktivister, media og sivilsamfunnet i Sudan kjønnslemlestelse på dagsordenen. Det...
Liv Tønnessen (2017)
Bistandsaktuelt 26.01.2017
Journal Article | 2017

Quotas and women's substantive representation: Evidence from a content analysis of Ugandan plenary debates

Despite the popularity of electoral gender quotas, the substantive impact of quotas on the plenary behavior of members of parliament (MPs) has yet to be thoroughly empirically explored, and in...
Amanda Clayton, Cecilia Josefsson and Vibeke Wang (2017)
in Politics & Gender pp. 1-29
CMI Brief | 2016

Violence against women in the context of urban poverty in Angola

Violence against women is widespread in Angola. This brief presents the main findings in a recent study of how violence against women is playing out in the context of urban...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen, Margareth Nangacovie (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 16) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Women in Local Government. A Potential Arena for Women’s Substantive Representation

Local government is an important avenue for getting practical experience in participating in politics before moving on to the national arena. Advocates of decentralisation argue that it opens up avenues...
Asiyati Lorraine Chiweza (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 13) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

The Gatekeepers: Political Participation of Women in Malawi

All over the world, there are gatekeepers with the power to facilitate – or restrict – peoples’ access. We have studied the role of the chairpersons and secretaries of the...
Happy Mickson Kayuni, Kondwani Farai Chikadza (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 12) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

The Gender Machinery Women in Malawi’s Central Government Administration

Malawi has its version of a ‘national gender machinery’, like many other countries, established to break the barriers against women representation in politics and to promote women interests. However, the...
Michael Chasukwa (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2016

Female Empowerment and the Education of Children in Nepal

There is sufficient evidence to say that female empowerment affects economic and social outcomes, in particular for girls. There is, however, no unified approach to the measurement of female empowerment....
Magnus Hatlebakk and Yogendra B. Gurung (2016)
in Journal of Developing Areas vol. 50 no. 2 pp. 1-19