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U4 Issue | Mar 2020

Blockchain as an anti-corruption tool. Case examples and introduction to the technology

The technology behind bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies was supposed to end poverty, eliminate corruption, and provide financial inclusion for all. The very financial institutions it was created to exclude are...
Per Aarvik (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:7)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Mar 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 2. Fighting the ‘seven deadly thins’ – starting the DFID journey

DFID’s experience between 1997 and 2010 saw a fundamental shift in the accepted role of a development agency and unique innovations in anti-corruption thinking and operations. The years would also...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:2)
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

The UAE’s Humanitarian Diplomacy: Claiming State Sovereignty, Regional Leverage and International Recognition

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) became the world’s third-largest donor of humanitarian aid relative to Gross National Income in 2016. The country was among the top five humanitarian assistance state-donors...
Deniz Gökalp (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:1) 11 p.
Book Chapter | 2019

Extractive and Power-Preserving Political Corruption

This introductory chapter outlines the distinctions between, on the one hand, political and bureaucratic corruption, and, on the other hand, between extractive and power-preserving corruption. It is argued that the...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
U4 Brief | 2019

Madagascar’s specialised anti-corruption court: The quest to end impunity

In 2018, Madagascar established a specialised independent anti-corruption court – the 'Pôle Anti-Corruption' – in response to impunity in conventional courts. Special features aimed to protect the court against executive...
Florian Schatz (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:2)
Book | 2019

Corruption, évitement fiscal, blanchiment dans le secteur extractif: de l'art de jouer avec le droit

Le pétrole, le gaz et les minerais sont des ressources indispensables pour le bon fonctionnement de nos économies et sont très convoitées. Elles sont ainsi particulièrement propices à l’émergence de...
Sophie Lemaître (2019)
Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes (L'univers des normes)
U4 Issue | 2019

Asset recovery and illicit financial flows from a developmental perspective: Concepts, scope, and potential

The transfer abroad of assets acquired through corruption deprives developing countries of their domestic resources. Asset recovery offers a path to repatriate ill-gotten gains, but the amounts recovered pale in...
Mathis Lohaus (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:12)
U4 Issue | 2019

Addressing illicit financial flows for anti-corruption at country level. A primer for development practitioners

Developing countries lose a massive volume of wealth through illicit financial flows (IFFs), presenting a major threat to their development. Initiatives to address IFFs exist at national, regional, and international...
Maria Helena Meyer Dolve, Saul Mullard (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:8)
U4 Report | 2019

Artificial Intelligence – a promising anti-corruption tool in development settings?

There are relatively few examples of how artificial intelligence has been deployed in anti-corruption work. Such tools are normally deployed by financial institutions or tax-authorities to uncover money-laundering, fraud, or...
Per Aarvik (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Report 2019:1)
CMI Brief | 2019

Civil society’s role in petroleum sector governance: The case of Tanzania

Good governance in the management of natural resources is now recognized by scholars and policy makers as key to ensuring that countries can prevent and escape the resource curse and...
Kendra Dupuy, Lise Rakner, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:02) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax administration in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2019)
in Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 129-147
Journal Article | 2019

Illicit financial flows within the extractive industries sector: a glance at how legal requirements can be manipulated and diverted

The extractive industries sector is considered to be one of the most prone to illicit financial flows. To date, numerous instruments at the national, regional and international level have been...
Sophie Lemaître (2019)
in Crime, Law and Social Change vol. 71 no. 1 pp. 107-128
Report in External Series | 2019

Corruption and Wildlife Crime: A Focus on Caviar Trade

Produced by TRAFFIC, WWF, U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre (U4 ACRC), Northumbria and Utrecht Universities, "Corruption and wildlife crime: A focus on caviar trade" examines how corruption facilitates the flow of...
Louisa Musing, Lindsey Harris, Aled Williams, Rob Parry-Jones, Daan van Uhm, Tanya Wyatt (2019)
Cambridge: TRAFFIC
Journal Article | 2019

Public Anthropology in Changing Times

Public anthropology is a collective aspiration shaped by generally shared values and intentions within significant sections of social and cultural anthropology. The impetus behind the creation of the journal Public...
Robert Borofsky and Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Public Anthropologist vol. 1 no. 1
Journal Article | 2019

The political economy of banking in Angola

From inauspicious beginnings in a post-socialist, highly dysfunctionalfinancial system, Angolan banking grew in less than a decade after theend of the country's long civil war into one of Africa's largest....
Manuel Ennes Ferreira and Ricardo Soares de Oliveira (2019)
in African Affairs vol. 118 no. 470 pp. 49-74
U4 Issue | 2019

Cambodia's anti-corruption regime 2008-2018: A critical political economy approach

(THIS PUBLICATION IS TEMPORARILY UNAVAILABLE DUE TO A REVISION. WE APOLOGISE FOR ANY INCONVENIENCE CAUSED). Cambodia's anti-corruption reforms have been critical to consolidating power in the hands of the ruling Cambodian...
Jacqui Baker, Sarah Milne (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:1)
Journal Article | 2018

'Goats eat where they are tied up': illicit and habitual corruption in Mozambique

The article shows that corruption is structural and omnipresent in Mozambican society, effectively legitimising corrupt practices at all levels. Using an anthropological approach, it argues that small-scale corruption has the...
Inge Tvedten and Rachi Picardo (2018)
in Review of African Political Economy vol. 45 no. 158
U4 Issue | 2018

Improving coherence in the illicit financial flows agenda

The illicit financial flows (IFF) agenda has momentum, but weaknesses remain in its foundations, with the definition, measurement, and estimation of IFF, especially as these apply to country level studies....
Alex Erskine, Fredrik Eriksson (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:8)
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Besteuerung und Kapitalflucht aus Afrika: Die Steuervermeidungsindustrie [The tax avoidance industry: facilitators of capital flight from Africa]

To combat the global problems of tax evasion, corruption and money laundering, it is vital to understand the essential role tax havens play as providers of secrecy. This requires knowledge...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
Afrika-bulletin 171 Entwicklungspolitische Zeitschrift des Afrika-Komitees Basel Sept/Okt 2018
U4 Issue | 2018

Open data for transparency and accountability in health service delivery: What's new in the digital age?

Open data platforms have a great unexplored potential. Publicly available health data can make service delivery more transparent and accountable. Experience from Peru, Mexico and Uruguay show how civil society...
Fabrizio Scrollini (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:6)