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TNRC Publication | 2019

Understanding effects of corruption on law enforcement and environmental crime

Law enforcement agencies monitor and enforce laws that protect landscapes, seascapes, and the species that inhabit them. Corruption helps violators circumvent these laws and regulations and makes law enforcement a...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium
U4 Brief | 2019

An International Anti-Corruption Court? A synopsis of the debate

Impunity and the transnational nature of corruption have led to calls for an international anti-corruption court that could hold kleptocrats accountable and spur governments to improve national justice systems. But...
Matthew C. Stephenson, Sofie Arjon Schütte (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:5)
Book Chapter | 2019

Congenitally Conjoined and Inseparable: Politics and Corruption in Nigeria

This chapter analyses political corruption in Nigeria through the trajectory of a number of scandals and their background. It underscores the resilience of political corruption in the country, where the...
Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo, Vaclav Prusa, Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book Chapter | 2019

Extractive and Power-Preserving Political Corruption

This introductory chapter outlines the distinctions between, on the one hand, political and bureaucratic corruption, and, on the other hand, between extractive and power-preserving corruption. It is argued that the...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
U4 Brief | 2019

Madagascar’s specialised anti-corruption court: The quest to end impunity

In 2018, Madagascar established a specialised independent anti-corruption court – the 'Pôle Anti-Corruption' – in response to impunity in conventional courts. Special features aimed to protect the court against executive...
Florian Schatz (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:2)
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Why fix KPK when it is not broken?

Indonesia’s most promising attempt at controlling corruption and an inspiration for its peers internationally is about to lose a lot of what enabled it to be so effective and trusted...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2019)
Jakarta Post 27 September
U4 Brief | 2018

Harnessing the power of communities against corruption. A framework for contextualising social accountability

Ignorance, apathy and disempowerment are recurring drivers of impunity. Social accountability, on its part, aims to empower citizens with information and provide effective channels through which to exercise agency. For...
Claudia Baez Camargo (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:4)
Journal Article | 2017

Enemies of the state: Curbing women activists advocating rape reform in Sudan

Sudanese women activists launched a legal campaign in 2009 calling attention to how the country’s Sharia based Criminal Act of 1991 produced impunity for sexual assault in the Darfur conflict....
Liv Tønnessen (2017)
in Journal of International Women's studies vol. 18 no. 2
Journal Article | 2016

Death of a Statesman – Birth of a Martyr: Martyrdom and Memorials in Post–Civil War Lebanon

This (open access) article furthers the study of post-civil war memorialisation in Lebanon by analysing the trajectory of the late Prime Minister Rafik Hariri from statesman to martyr. This transformative...
Are John Knudsen (2016)
in Anthropology of the Middle East vol. 11 no. 2 pp. 1-17
Book Chapter | 2016

Uruguay: halfway towards accountability

Francesca Lessa and Elin Skaar (2016)
in Elin Skaar, Jemima García-Godos, and Cath Collins: Transitional Justice in Latin America. The Uneven Road from Impunity towards Accountability. Abingdon and New York: Routledge
Book Chapter | 2016

Analytical framework

Elin Skaar, Cath Collins, Jemima García-Godos (2016)
in Elin Skaar, Jemima García-Godos, Cath Collins: Transitional Justice in Latin America. The Uneven Road from Impunity towards Accountability. Routledge pp. 25-49
Book Chapter | 2016

Conclusions: the uneven road towards accountability in Latin America

Elin Skaar, Cath Collins, Jemima García-Godos (2016)
in Elin Skaar, Jemima García-Godos, Cath Collins: Transitional Justice in Latin America. The Uneven Road from Impunity towards Accountability. Routledge pp. 275-298
Book Chapter | 2016

Introduction: the accountability challenge

Elin Skaar, Jemima García-Godos, Cath Collins (2016)
in Elin Skaar, Jemima García-Godos, Cath Collins: Transitional Justice in Latin America. The Uneven Road from Impunity towards Accountability. Routledge pp. 1-24
Edited Book | 2016

Transitional Justice in Latin America: The Uneven Road from Impunity towards Accountability

This is the first book to comprehensively and systematically trace the trajectory from impunity towards accountability for past human rights violations in the Latin American region. Based on rich historical...
Elin Skaar, Jemima Garcia-Godos, and Cath Collins (2016)
London and New York: Routledge (Transitional Justice Series)
Book Chapter | 2015

Angola: negative peace and autocracy in the shadow of impunity

Angola has not addressed violations committed during almost three decades of war following independence, in which hundreds of thousands of people died. While the 2002 amnesty law may have helped...
Camila Gianella Malca and Elin Skaar (2015)
in Elin Skaar, Camila Gianella, and Trine Eide: After Violence: Transitional Justice, Peace, and Democracy. London and New York: Routledge (Transitional Justice Series) pp. 149-173
U4 Brief | 2015

Dying for information: Right to information and whistleblower protection in India

India's Right to Information Act is one of the most powerful in the world, but the increasing attacks on users of the law suggest a need for further measures. The...
Dr. Suchi Pande (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2015:3) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2014

Enhancing Public Service Ethics in Bangladesh: Dilemmas and Deterrents

There may be many factors that diminish or destroy trust in governmental institutions. However, none may destroy trust easier or faster than unethical behavior or blatant corruption by public officials....
Pan-Suk Kim, Mobasser Monem, Hasan Muhammad Baniamin (2014)
in pp. 95-130
Journal Article | 2013

Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL): Impartial or Imposed International Justice?

The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) was set up in 2007, under UN auspices to try those involved in the murder of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in 2005. The...
Are John Knudsen, Sari Hanafi (2013)
in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 31 no. 2 pp. 176-200
Journal Article | 2013

Wavering Courts: From Impunity to Accountability in Uruguay

Many Latin American countries are moving towards increased accountability for past human rights violations. There is a growing international consensus that some crimes simply cannot be exempted from prosecution according...
Elin Skaar (2013)
Journal of Latin American Studies
Report in External Series | 2012

From impunity to prosecution? Sexual violence in Sudan beyond Darfur

Serious shortcomings in Sudanese laws and practices contribute to the lack of protection of victims of rape in Sudan. There is need for comprehensive legal reform, particularly of Sudan’s Criminal...
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
(NOREF Report, February 2012)