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Edited Book | Sep 2020

Humanitarianism: Keywords

Humanitarianism: Keywords is a comprehensive dictionary designed as a compass for navigating the conceptual universe of humanitarianism. It is an intuitive toolkit to map contemporary humanitarianism and to explore its current...
Antonio De Lauri (2020)
Leiden: Brill
CMI Brief | Aug 2020

Women’s informal peacebuilding in North East Nigeria

Ayesha Imam, Hauwa Biu and Maina Yahi (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:09) 6 p.
U4 Issue | Aug 2020

A Theory of Change for the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Designing resource governance pathways to improve developmental outcomes

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative is a major international effort to disclose information about extractive activities. Having an explicit Theory of Change could help it to improve natural resource governance...
Philippe Le Billon, Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:11)
CMI Report | Jun 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56
U4 Issue | Mar 2020

Urbanisation, informality, and corruption. Designing policies for integrity in the city

The world is rapidly urbanising, and urban informality is a central feature of our times. Conventional thinking views informality as corrosive to clean government, but new scholarship illuminates the complex...
Dieter Zinnbauer (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:6)
CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: Insights from Zambia

What does it take for a female politician to win a party nomination? We still know little about women’s entry into politics in countries without formal gender quotas. Using data...
Vibeke Wang, Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:1) 4 p.
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Reciprocity networks, service delivery, and corruption: The wantok system in Papua New Guinea

In all countries, informal systems of reciprocity influence the distribution of state resources. These social networks help people cope with adversity but can also promote favouritism and corruption, posing a...
Grant Walton, David Jackson (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:1)
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Using legal empowerment to curb corruption and advance accountability

Legal empowerment refers to the use of laws and rights to increase relatively powerless populations’ control over their lives. A growing field, it overlaps with social accountability but emphasises laws...
Stephen Golub (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:4)
U4 Brief | Feb 2020

Networks of anti-corruption authorities. Living up to their aspirations?

Networks of anti-corruption authorities pursue cross-border collaboration and joint capacity building, and sometimes even joint principles, joint policy making, and harmonization of national laws. Information about these activities and their...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:2)
U4 Brief | Feb 2020

Improving audits to increase the effectiveness of development funding

Donors and development actors rely quite heavily on audit reports, despite their high cost and the disruption they cause. Yet it is questionable whether this reliance is justified as most...
Philip McMinn Mitchell (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:1)
Book Chapter | Jan 2020

Women, Corruption and Wasta in Jordan – A Case Study in Female Elected Representatives

David Jackson, Sarah Tobin, Jennifer Eggert (2020)
in Ina Kubbe, Aiysha Varraich: Corruption and Informal Practices in the Middle East and North Africa. Routledge pp. 172-187
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
Report in External Series | 2019

Building accountable resource governance institutions

Formal institutions are central actors in natural resource governance decisions and a key arena in which policies, laws and regulations ranging from forest concessions to trade in wildlife products are...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium (TNRC Introductory Overview)
Journal Article | 2019

Acceptability of an economic support component to reduce early pregnancy and school dropout in Zambia: a qualitative case study

Background: Cash Transfer (CT) schemes have become popular poverty reducing measures in many low and middle-income countries. Research indicates that when provided to girls in resource poor settings, cash transfers...
Emmanuel Banda, Joar Svanemyr, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Isabel Goicolea & Joseph Mumba Zulu (2019)
in Global Health Action vol. 12 no. 1
Book Chapter | 2019

Congenitally Conjoined and Inseparable: Politics and Corruption in Nigeria

This chapter analyses political corruption in Nigeria through the trajectory of a number of scandals and their background. It underscores the resilience of political corruption in the country, where the...
Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo, Vaclav Prusa, Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Journal Article | 2019

Emergency Urbanism in Sabra, Beirut.

Since the mid-1980s, generations of displaced people have sought refuge in the ramshackle buildings that were once the Gaza-Ramallah Hospital, a multi-story hospital complex built by the Palestinian Liberation Organization...
Are John Knudsen (2019)
in Public Anthropologist vol. 1 no. 2 pp. 171-193
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Why fix KPK when it is not broken?

Indonesia’s most promising attempt at controlling corruption and an inspiration for its peers internationally is about to lose a lot of what enabled it to be so effective and trusted...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2019)
Jakarta Post 27 September
U4 Issue | 2019

Corruption in universities: Paths to integrity in the higher education subsector

Corruption and fraud in higher education is a global scourge that hinders human capital formation, especially in developing countries. It ranges from political capture of universities to favouritism in admissions,...
Monica Kirya (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:10)
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Crop market participation among smallholder farmers in Tanzania

This paper assesses determinants of crop market participation among smallholder farmers in Tanzania, with a focus on transaction cost, asset endowment and cooperatives. The study is based on household survey...
Sosina Bezu and Espen Villanger (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2010:1)