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Report in External Series | 2019

The “CIA’s Army”: A Threat to Human Rights and an Obstacle to Peace in Afghanistan

Afghan paramilitary forces working with the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have long been a staple in the US war on terrorism in Afghanistan and the border region with...
Astri Suhrke and Antonio De Lauri (2019)
Providence: The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University (Costs of War) 14 p.
Journal Article | 2019

The Taliban and the humanitarian soldier: Configurations of freedom and humanity in Afghanistan

Humanitarian wars are a primary means of globally affirming a specific model of humanity, built according to the cultural, moral, and economic standards of Western democracies. How are forms of...
Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Anuac vol. 8 no. 1 pp. 31-57
Journal Article | 2019

Humanitarian Militarism and the Production of Humanity

The limits and consequences of humanitarian military operations continue to be major issues in Western public debates on global security, democracy and human rights. This article focuses on the intersection...
Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Social Anthropology vol. 27 no. 1 pp. 84-99
Book Chapter | 2019

The ‘Secret Loans Affair’ and Political Corruption in Mozambique

In 2016, the ‘secret loans affair’ sprung on to the Mozambican political scene with the discovery that three government-owned companies – controlled by the military intelligence – had borrowed around...
Adriano Nuvunga and Aslak Orre (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Journal Article | 2018

A Good Ally - Norway and International Statebuilding in Afghanistan, 2001-2014

The article examines the findings of the Commission of Inquiry established by the Norwegian government in 2014 to evaluate all aspects of Norway's civilian and military contribution to the international operation in...
Mats Berdal, Astri Suhrke (2018)
in Journal of Strategic Studies
Report in External Series | 2018

Russian Use of Private Military and Security Companies - the implications for European and Norwegian Security

How does the Russian use of private military and security companies affect Russian use of force and what are the implications for European and Norwegian security? Over the past couple of...
Åse Gilje Østensen and Tor Bukkvoll (2018)
Oslo (FFI-rapport no. 18/01300) 53 p.
Edited Book | 2017

Civil-military relations in Lebanon: Conflict, cohesion and confessionalism in a divided society

First book to examine civil-military relations in post-Arab Spring Lebanon This volume examines Lebanon’s post-2011 security dilemmas and the tenuous civil-military relations. The Syrian civil war has strained the Lebanese Armed...
Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade (2017)
Palgrave Macmillan 155 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF): A united army for a divided country?

Multi-confessional armies are often seen as being weak and prone to disintegration. The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) is a case in point. From its inception it was formed as a...
Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade (2017)
in Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade: Civil-Military Relations in Lebanon. London: PalgraveMacmillan pp. 1-22
Book Chapter | 2017

Patrolling a proxy-war: Soldiers, citizens and Zuʻama in Syria Street, Tripoli

The deadliest proxy war in Lebanon is that between Bab al-Tabbaneh (Sunni) and Jabal Mohsen (Alawite), two neighbourhoods in downtown Tripoli. The conflict has historical roots that can be traced...
Are John Knudsen (2017)
in Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade : London: Palgrave Macmillan
Report in External Series | 2017

Country Evaluation Brief: Palestine

The Occupied Palestinian Territories is one of the world’s most aid-dependent countries. Despite overall levels of aid falling since 2009, the Territories remain one of the world’s largest per capita...
Are John Knudsen, Alaa Tartir (2017)
Country Evaluation Brief, Palestine
CMI Working Paper | 2016

Civilian and Military Relations in Turkey: A Historical Survey

This CMI Working Paper presents an analysis of civilian-military relations in Turkey, casting light on institutional, legal and economic aspects that have shaped the military’s role in society. An assessment...
Acar Kutay (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:11) 32 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2016

The Armed Forces and the Economy in Latin America: Contemporary Trends and Implications for Civil-Military Relations.

This paper examines several cases of military economic activities that persist in Latin America, despite the political and economic liberalization processes that have been under way in the region for...
Kristina Mani (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:08) 28 p.
Report in External Series | 2016

Country Evaluation Brief: Afghanistan

Since 2001, Western political and military interests have largely defined the nature and magnitude of aid flows. Conventional criteria for development assistance (notably absorptive capacity and credible conditionality) were, as...
Arne Strand, Astri Suhrke, Nils Taxell (2016)
Oslo: Norad (Country Evaluation Briefs no. 7) 38 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2016

«Nowadays there are shoot-outs all the time». Women, children, and Police Pacification Units (UPPs) in Rocinha, Rio de Janeiro.

Executive summary This CMI Working paper explores the implementation of the Brazilian government’s favela (shantytown) policing program, Unidades de Pacificacion Policiais (UPP) or The Pacifying Police Units, from the point of...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:7) 28 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Petroleum fund in Tanzania? Other alternatives may be better

The Government of Tanzania is looking for the best policies and institutional designs to turn future petroleum revenues into welfare, development and jobs. This Brief argues that the Tanzanian society...
Ragnar Torvik (2016)
Bergen & Dar es Salaam : Chr. Michelsen Institute & REPOA (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 10) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2016

“A Civil-Military Alliance”: The Venezuelan Armed Forces before and during the Chávez era

Executive summary When Hugo Chávez (1954–2013) came to power in Venezuela in 1998, the military was bestowed with a new—and controversial—role in society. Being a former career military himself, a central...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:4)
CMI Insight | 2016

The Sudan Armed Forces and Prospects of Change

The Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) has a long history of siding with civil protestors in times of national political crisis. In recent years, waves of popular protests, often called the...
Atta El-Battahani (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 2016:3) 9 p.
Edited Book | 2016

Businessmen in Arms: How the Military and Other Armed Groups Profit in the MENA Region

The Arab Uprisings have brought renewed attention to the role of the military in the MENA region, where they are either the backbone of regime power or a crucial part...
Elke Grawert and Zeinab Abul-Magd (eds.) (2016)
Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers 334 p.
CMI Insight | 2016

See you in court! Holding the military to account in Latin America

The courtroom has become an increasingly common meeting place for retired military officials, and victims and their families who have suffered various forms of abuse at the hands of the...
Elin Skaar (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 2)
Book Chapter | 2016

How much ‘Soft Power’ does China have in Africa?

I have over the past years been intrigued by why Chinese scholars and policy makers have found the term ‘soft power’1 so useful. Can it have something to with its...
Helge Rønning (2016)
in Zhang, Xiaoling, Wasserman, Henry, Mano, Winston : China's media and soft power in Africa: Promotion and perceptions. Palgrave Macmillan pp. 65-78