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CMI Brief | 2019

Civil society’s role in petroleum sector governance: The case of Tanzania

Good governance in the management of natural resources is now recognized by scholars and policy makers as key to ensuring that countries can prevent and escape the resource curse and...
Kendra Dupuy, Lise Rakner, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:02) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Illicit financial flows within the extractive industries sector: a glance at how legal requirements can be manipulated and diverted

The extractive industries sector is considered to be one of the most prone to illicit financial flows. To date, numerous instruments at the national, regional and international level have been...
Sophie Lemaître (2019)
in Crime, Law and Social Change vol. 71 no. 1 pp. 107-128
Book Chapter | 2019

The ‘Secret Loans Affair’ and Political Corruption in Mozambique

In 2016, the ‘secret loans affair’ sprung on to the Mozambican political scene with the discovery that three government-owned companies – controlled by the military intelligence – had borrowed around...
Adriano Nuvunga and Aslak Orre (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Most people are not economists: Citizen preferences for corporate taxation

On what bases should corporations be taxed? This article presents evidence from a series of discrete choice experiments designed to elicit the tax preferences of ordinary citizens. We find that...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad,Ivar Kolstad,Arne Wiig (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:11)
Report in External Series | 2018

Russian Use of Private Military and Security Companies - the implications for European and Norwegian Security

How does the Russian use of private military and security companies affect Russian use of force and what are the implications for European and Norwegian security? Over the past couple of...
Åse Gilje Østensen and Tor Bukkvoll (2018)
Oslo (FFI-rapport no. 18/01300) 53 p.
Book | 2018

Taxing Africa: Coercion, Reform and Development

It has long been debated whether Africa's lack of growth is best explained by the continent's exploitation by the global system, or by internal failures of domestic political leadership, and...
Mick Moore, Wilson Prichard and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
London/New York: Zed Books (African Arguments Book Series,) 216 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Rethinking access. Key methodological challenges in studying energy companies.

Understanding the role of large energy corporations in society is a crucial, yet challenging task for the social science of energy. Ethnographic methods hold potential for plying into corporations' own...
Müftüoglu IB, Knudsen S, Dale RF, Eiken O, Rajak D, Lange S (2018)
in Energy Research & Social Science
CMI Report | 2018

Has recent political unrest affected garment exports from Bangladesh?

According to the World Bank, political unrest in Bangladesh in the first part of 2015 resulted in a loss of 1% of GDP.[1] A previous study by UNDP (2005) estimated...
Arne Wiig (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:02) 21 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Alternatives to local content

This paper discusses whether and to what extent resource-rich developing countries should introduce local content policies, i.e. requirements to include local inputs in petroleum extraction activities of multinational corporations. We...
Ivar Kolstad and Abel Kinyondo (2017)
in Oxford Development Studies
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
U4 Issue | 2017

Trading in corruption: Evidence and mitigation measures for corruption in the trading of oil and minerals

Between 2011 and 2013, sales of government oil from the ten biggest producers in sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 56% of these countries’ total public revenues. Despite their importance, however, such...
Olivier Longchamp, Nathalie Perrot (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:6) 52 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Beneficial openness? Weighing the costs and benefits of financial transparency

Public financial transparency is increasingly advocated as a solution to concerns over legal tax planning by multinational corporations, and illegal tax evasion, fraud and money laundering. Caution is warranted since...
Maya Forstater (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:3) 36 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Preventing corruption in community mineral beneficiation schemes

Abstract This paper analyses patterns of corruption and corruption risks related to community mineral beneficiation schemes (CMBSs) that distribute benefits funded by mineral revenues to communities. It analyses insights from existing...
Michael Nest (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:3) 40 p
Book Chapter | 2017

Governance challenges in Tanzania’s natural gas sector: Unregulated lobbyism and uncoordinated policy

Resource discoveries often result in expectations of rapid growth, but also major concerns for increasing corruption. The resource curse literature puts a strong emphasis on the need to build capable...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Jesper Johnsøn (2017)
in Aled Williams and Philippe le Billon: Corruption, natural resources and development: from resource curse to political ecology. Edward Elgar Publishing
Journal Article | 2016

Resource nationalism and local content in Tanzania: Experiences from mining and consequences for the petroleum sector

Highlights Discontent with mining has contributed to calls for resource nationalism in Tanzania’s petroleum sector. The Tanzanian case demonstrates the importance of viewing resource nationalism from a historical and political perspective. The petroleum...
Siri Lange, Abel Kinyondo (2016)
in The Extractive Industries and Society vol. 3 no. 4 pp. 1095-1104
CMI Brief | 2016

Lack of consultation. Stakeholders perspectives on local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop Local Content Policies (LCPs) to increase local job and business opportunities. This brief presents...
Espen Villanger (CMI), Abel Kinyondo (Repoa), Ingvild Hestad (CMI) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 15) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Petro-Governance in Tanzania: Opportunities and Challenges

Recent significant natural gas discoveries have pushed Tanzania into the international spotlight as a new petroleum producer. How can the country ensure that its newfound wealth is translated into economic...
Bryan Lee, Kendra Dupuy (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 14) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2016

Back in business: Private sector development for poverty reduction in Norwegian aid

Abstract: Private sector development (PSD) is back on the donors’ agenda. In Norway, PSD aid and aid funded loans have increased more than five-fold during the last decade and the...
Espen Villanger (2016)
in Forum for Development Studies vol. 43 no. 2 pp. 333-362
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

Corporate Social Responsibility in Islamic Economies – the Case of Sudan

Introduction Since the 1950s, there has been a growing international awareness of the need for business organizations to commit to a social role that goes beyond the sole objective of profit...
Ahmed Elhassab Omer Elhassab and Abdelmageed Mohammed Yahya (Dilling University) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:1) 16 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Non-resource taxation in a resource rich setting: A broader tax base will enhance tax compliance in Tanzania

CMI Brief December 2015 Volume 14 No.08 Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. The country might become a large producer of gas, and...
(2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 14 no. 8) 4 p.