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CMI Report | Jun 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
Journal Article | Jun 2020

The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?

  Angola experienced an extraordinary oil boom between 2004 and 2014. During this period, oil revenue accounted for 80% of all government revenue. In 2011, the Government of Angola started implementing...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo (2020)
in The Extractive Industries and Society vol. 7
Journal Article | Mar 2020

'He should learn that he cannot get a woman for free’: Male elopers and constructions of masculinity in the Afghan justice system

This article explores constructions of gender, masculinity, and class in moral crimes prosecutions, and their legal aftermaths in Afghanistan. It argues that the lack of attention to men in advocacy...
Torunn Wimpelmann, Aziz Hakimi, Masooma Sa'adat (2020)
in Men and Masculinities, March 2020
Book Chapter | 2019

Is the current fiscal regime suitable for the development of Tanzania’s offshore gas reserves?

James Andilile, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari and Aslak Orre (2019)
in Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari and Kendra Dupuy: Governing petroleum resources: Prospects and challenges for Tanzania. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute & REPOA pp. 42-48
Book Chapter | 2019

Stuck in Transition: Political Corruption as Power Abuse

The final chapter summarises some of the findings of the previous country analyses, against the background of the conceptual pair of extractive and power-preserving political corruption. It is argued that...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book Chapter | 2019

Congenitally Conjoined and Inseparable: Politics and Corruption in Nigeria

This chapter analyses political corruption in Nigeria through the trajectory of a number of scandals and their background. It underscores the resilience of political corruption in the country, where the...
Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo, Vaclav Prusa, Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book Chapter | 2019

Extractive and Power-Preserving Political Corruption

This introductory chapter outlines the distinctions between, on the one hand, political and bureaucratic corruption, and, on the other hand, between extractive and power-preserving corruption. It is argued that the...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Managing the born-free generation: Zimbabwe’s strategies for dealing with the youth

A rich literature on Africa’s autocratic and repressive regimes has discussed the diverse strategies through which these regimes seek to consolidate and stay in power. Prominent strategies include election rigging,...
Marjoke Oosterom and Simbarashe Gukurume (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:02)
Journal Article | 2019

Legal Regimes, Women’s Work, and Women’s Empowerment

The second-wave feminist movement called attention to the endurance of discriminatory laws that deny women equal rights and opportunities. Since the 1970s, most countries around the world responded to feminist...
Mala Htun; Francesca R Jensenius; Liv Tønnessen (2019)
in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 189-192
Journal Article | 2019

Women at work in Sudan: Marital privilege or constitutional right

This article explores how working women in Sudan's capital negotiate legal constraints placing them under the guardianship of their husbands, imposing strict public dress and behavioral codes upon them, and...
Liv Tønnessen (2019)
in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 223-244
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Europas nye grensevakter

Er vi med på å støtte en utvikling som sender enda flere flyktninger til Europa? Gunnar Sørbø, in Bergens Tidende, 05.05.19 Over en million migranter krysset Middelhavet under flyktningkrisen i 2015. 850,000 av...
Gunnar M. Sørbø (2019)
Bergens Tidende 05.05.19
Journal Article | 2019

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax administration in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2019)
in Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 129-147
Book Chapter | 2019

Locating China's Maritime Silk Road in the context of the South China Sea disputes

The South China Sea (SCS) is a bitterly contested maritime battleground for state sovereignty, oil and gas and, perhaps above all, for the marine resources on which large populations of...
Edyta Roszko (2019)
in Carmen Amado Mendes: China's New Silk Road: An Emerging World Order. London: Routledge: Taylor&Francis Group pp. 165-179
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Sudan: Presidenten gjør sykehusene til målskiver

Demonstranter som har blitt såret under opptøyene i Sudan har søkt til sykehusene for å få hjelp. Også der blir de ofre for regimestyrkenes kuler. For Omar al-Bashirs regime er...
Liv Tønnessen (2019)
Bistandsaktuelt 23.01.2019
Journal Article | 2019

The political economy of banking in Angola

From inauspicious beginnings in a post-socialist, highly dysfunctionalfinancial system, Angolan banking grew in less than a decade after theend of the country's long civil war into one of Africa's largest....
Manuel Ennes Ferreira and Ricardo Soares de Oliveira (2019)
in African Affairs vol. 118 no. 470 pp. 49-74
U4 Issue | 2019

Cambodia's anti-corruption regime 2008-2018: A critical political economy approach

(THIS PUBLICATION IS TEMPORARILY UNAVAILABLE DUE TO A REVISION. WE APOLOGISE FOR ANY INCONVENIENCE CAUSED). Cambodia's anti-corruption reforms have been critical to consolidating power in the hands of the ruling Cambodian...
Jacqui Baker, Sarah Milne (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:1)
Report in External Series | 2018

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Like governments in many other African countries, the Government of Tanzania has been striving to improve the effectiveness of its value added tax (VAT) regime by reducing tax evasion through...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Vincent Somville (2018)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) (ICTD Working Paper no. 83) 28 p.
Master's Thesis | 2018

Safeguarding borders, or safeguarding queers?

While the political field of immigration is getting increasingly stringent throughout Europe, rights for queer individuals are progressively strengthened in Western parts of the world. These two parallel trends have made...
Yngvild Gotaas Torvik (2018)
Paris: CNRS-CERI Sciences Po 99 p.
U4 Issue | 2018

Capacity building for the Nigerian Navy: Eyes wide shut on corruption?

Pervasive corruption in the Nigerian maritime security sector facilitates smuggling, piracy and oil theft. Building capacity while ignoring corruption risks making corruption and related crimes worse. The United States Africa...
Åse Gilje Østensen, Sheelagh Brady, Sofie Arjon Schütte (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:4)
CMI Report | 2018

Can Smallholders benefit from the new market opportunities from the extractive industry in Tanzania?

The recent discovery of huge oil and gas reserves in Tanzania has created a new opportunity for economic growth and development of the country. Tanzania is expected to be one...
Sosina Bezu, Espen Villanger, Abel Alfred Kinyondo (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:8) 38 p.