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Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

Too big to fault? Effects of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize on Norwegian exports to China and foreign policy

In October 2010, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel peace prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. The Chinese government responded by freezing political and economic relations with Norway, introducing...
Ivar Kolstad (2020)
in International Political Science Review
Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa

We argue that polygyny creates a social imbalance where few, economically well-off men marry many wives and many poor men marry late or never. By definition, polygyny produces what we...
Carlo Koos, Clara Neupert-Wentz (2020)
in Journal of Conflict Resolution
Book Chapter | forthcoming 2020

Constituting Transitions: Predicting Unpredictability

This chapter examines how transitional governance arrangements are constituted in peace and transitions processes. We map and analyse the relationship between the legal ‘constitutionalisation’ of the transition, and the political...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2020)
in Emmanuel H. D. De Groof, Micha Wiebusch: International Law and Transitional Governance Critical Perspectives. London: Routledge
Journal Article | Feb 2020

Independence or Front Lines: Securing Southern Representation in Yemen's Peace Talks

The article addresses the consolidation and rise of the Southern Transitional Council in South Yemen and their push for access to a seat at the table of Yemen’s peace talks....
Robert Forster (2020)
Forster, Robert. 'Independence or Frontlines: Securing Southern Representation in Yemen's Peace Talks', Babylon: Nordisk Tidsskrift for Midtøstenstudier, Vol. 17, No. 2 (2019), pp. 8-21
Journal Article | Jan 2020

A critical look at civil society and peace building in Sudan (in arabic)

Munzoul Assal (2020)
in Bulletin of Sudanese Studies
Book Chapter | 2019

Ceasefires

A review of the practice and content of ceasefire agreements and provisions in peace agreements. The article include a discussion on the definition of ‘ceasefire’ and related terms, such as...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Romaniuk, S., Thapa M., and P. Marton: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies. Cham: Palgrave MacMillan
Sudan Brief | 2019

The paradox of federalism and decentralisation in South Sudan: An instrument and an obstacle for peace

A power sharing agreement and the inauguration of a new government in South Sudan has been put to a halt. Disagreement on the number of states and local self-government, security...
Lovise Aalen (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2019:01) 5 p.
Report in External Series | 2019

Local Peace Processes: Opportunities and Challenges for Women’s Engagement

When and how do local peace processes and agreements address conflict? What are the opportunities and challenges for women and gender-equality advocates seeking to meaningfully engage with local peace processes? When and how...
Laura Wise, Robert Forster, Christine Bell (2019)
Wise, L., Forster, R., and Bell, Christine. (2019). 'Local Peace Processes: Opportunties and Challenges for Women's Engagement', Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh
Report in External Series | 2019

Women and the Renegotiation of Transitional Governance Arrangements

The PA-X Spotlight Series addresses questions regarding comparative peace processes, asked by those seeking to influence peace and transition processes to be more inclusive. Each Spotlight provides brief comparative material...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2019)
Forster, R. & Bell, C. (2019). Gender Mainstreaming in Ceasefires: Comparative Data and Examples (PA-X Report, Spotlight Series). Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh
Report in External Series | 2019

Gender Mainstreaming in Ceasefires: Comparative Data and Examples

This Spotlight addresses the questions: How did peace agreements and transition documents signed in Libya between 2011 and 2018 provide for the inclusion of women and gender? When and how...
Robert Forster, Christine Bell (2019)
Forster, R. & Bell, C. (2019). Gender Mainstreaming in Ceasefires: Comparative Data and Examples (PA-X Report, Spotlight Series). Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh
Report in External Series | 2019

A Gender Analysis of Peace Agreements and Transitional Documents in Libya, 2011-2018

This Spotlight addresses the questions: How did peace agreements and transition documents signed in Libya between 2011 and 2018 provide for the inclusion of women and gender? When and how...
Robert Forster (2019)
Forster, R. (2019). A Gender Analysis of Peace Agreements and Transitional Documents in Libya, 2011-2018 (PA-X Report, Spotlight Series). Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh
Report in External Series | 2019

The “CIA’s Army”: A Threat to Human Rights and an Obstacle to Peace in Afghanistan

Afghan paramilitary forces working with the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have long been a staple in the US war on terrorism in Afghanistan and the border region with...
Suhrke Astri and Antonio De Lauri (2019)
Providence: The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University (Costs of War) 14 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Twenty Years After Ottawa: ‘Unpacking’ Mine Action in Peace Agreements

Mine action is essential for long-term peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction. Using new data, this paper explores the nexus between mine action and peace processes, providing an analysis of trends in...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Journal of Peacebuilding and Development vol. 14 no. 2 pp. 150-163
Book Chapter | 2019

Peace Agreements

Peace agreements are the codification of the terms of settlement between some or all conflict parties for the purpose of ending conflict between them. Between 1990 and 2018, over 1700...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Scott Romaniuk, Manish Thapa, Péter Marton: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies. Cham: Palgrave MacMillan
Book Chapter | 2019

Citizenship, statelessness, and human rights protection in Sudan's constitutions and post South Sudan secession challenges

Sudan and South Sudan have suffered from repeated cycles of conflict and authoritarianism resulting in serious human rights and humanitarian law violations. Several efforts, such as the 2005 Comprehensive Peace...
Munzoul Assal (2019)
in Constitution-making and Human Rights in the Sudans (Lutz Oette, Mohamed Abdelsalam Babiker (eds.))
CMI Brief | 2018

Women’s informal peace efforts: Grassroots activism in South Sudan

South Sudanese women have been grossly under-represented in formal peace negotiations. However, they have been active in informal peacebuilding at the local level where peace means rebuilding society. Such informal...
Helen Kezie-Nwoha and Juliet Were (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:07) 6 p.
CMI Insight | 2018

Missing from the picture: Men imprisoned for ‘moral crimes’ in Afghanistan

Recent years have seen sustained focus on the prosecution of Afghan women and girls for ‘moral crimes’ such as adultery and ‘running away’. However, many Afghan men are also charged...
Aziz Hakimi, Torunn Wimpelmann (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:2) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Life skills in non-formal contexts for adolescent girls in developing countries

Executive summary How can young women in developing countries best be prepared for success in their lives and livelihoods? Life preparation requires learning different types of knowledge and skills in formal,...
Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen, Sandra Halvorsen, Christina Kwauk (Brookings Institution), Amanda Braga (Brookings Institution), Helyn Kim (Brookings Institution) (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:5) 115 p.
Book Chapter | 2018

Transitional Justice for Human Rights: The Legacy and Future of Truth and Reconciliation Commissions

Truth commissions are an integral component of transitional justice, that is, formal and informal mechanisms set up by the state or civil society to address human rights violations committed in...
Elin Skaar (2018)
in Gerd Oberleitner: International Human Rights Institutions, Tribunals, and Courts. International Human Rights. Singapore: Springer pp. 1-21
CMI Report | 2017

Family law reform in Sudan: competing claims for gender justice between sharia and women’s human rights

This paper focuses on family law reform in Sudan-a country that has been in a state of perpetual conflict that stretches back long before its independence in 1956. The signing...
Samia El Nagar, Liv Tønnessen (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2017:5) 28 p.