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U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 9. The UK’s changing anti-corruption landscape – new energy, new horizons

Between 2013 and 2018, the UK made unusually rapid progress in improving instruments to address corruption. These advances included legal reforms, such as establishing beneficial ownership registers, Deferred Prosecution Agreements,...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:9)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions

The last 20 years has seen a solid international architecture established to fight corruption. However, the pace of progress has slowed in recent years. Two critical problems are that the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:10)
CMI Brief | 2020

Excluding women: the clanization of Somali political institutions

Hawa Jibril, a poetess and a long-time activist for Somali women’s rights, identified male elders as a barrier to women’s inclusion in the politics and governance of their society. In...
Ladan Affi (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:9) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2020

Food Security and Agricultural Development in Sudan: The case of Kassala State

This research discusses the relationship between agricultural development and food security, determinants of supply of (production of food) and demand for (consumption of food) food and determinants of food insecurity...
Prof. Dr. Samia Mohamed Nour, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2020:1)
CMI Brief | 2020

UN Security Council Resolution 1325: Peacebuilding in Africa 20 years after its adoption

20 years ago the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1325. The resolution underscored the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and called for their...
Aili Mari Tripp (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:08) 6 p.
Sudan Brief | 2020

Patriarchy, Politics and Women’s Activism in Post-Revolution Sudan

While Sudanese women were at the forefront of the popular uprising under the banner "freedom, peace and justice" that started in December 2018 and eventually led to the ousting of...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia al-Nagar (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2010:02) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2020

Emergency release of people from prison because of Covid-19. A brief analysis through an anti-corruption lens

Many countries are implementing emergency releases of people from prison to mitigate the spread of Covid-19. Such measures, while critical to public health, can enable the unjust release from prison...
Victoria Jennett (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:11)
CMI Report | 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
Journal Article | 2020

Armed governance: the case of the CIA-supported Afghan militias

This article examines the genealogy and behavior of the CIA militias in Afghanistan against the backdrop of persistent armed governance whereby a plurality of actors competes over control and rule....
Antonio De Lauri, Astri Suhrke (2020)
in Small Wars and Insurgency
Edited Book | 2020

Gendered Electoral Financing: Money, Power and Representation in Comparative Perspective

Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Rainbow Murray (2020)
London: Routledge (Gender and Comparative Politics) 178 p.
U4 Brief | 2020

Covid-19, cash transfers, and corruption

Cash transfer programmes are being created and extended in developing countries as an economic response to Covid-19. Many donors are increasing their support for these programmes. However, the scale and...
Inge Amundsen (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:9) 15 p.
U4 Issue | 2020

Identifying feasible, high-impact anti-corruption interventions. The case of Albania

In developing and transition countries, blanket anti-corruption efforts often fail due to economic constraints and political resistance. In such contexts, development practitioners should target specific anti-corruption interventions that promise highest...
Luca J. Uberti (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:9)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 3. The international journey – from ambition to ambivalence

The UN Convention against Corruption is an instrument that changed the face of the global corruption dialogue. It created agreement on what corruption is, the damage it causes, and the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:3)
Journal Article | 2020

Current trends of blood lead levels, distribution patterns and exposure variations among household members in Kabwe, Zambia

Childhood lead (Pb) poisoning has devastating effects on neurodevelopment and causes overt clinical signs including convulsions and coma. Health effects including hypertension and various reproductive problems have been reported in...
John Yabe, Shouta MM Nakayama, Hokuto Nakata, Haruya Toyomaki, Yared B Yohannes, Kaampwe Muzandu, Andrew Kataba, Golden Zyambo, Masato Hiwatari, Daiju Narita, Daichi Yamada, Peter Hangoma, Nosiku Sipilanyambe Munyinda, Tiza Mufune, Yoshinori Ikenaka, Kennedy Choongo, Mayumi Ishiz (2020)
in Chemosphere vol. 243 pp. 125-412
CMI Insight | 2020

The changing role of Chinese development aid

In recent years, China has significantly increased its development interventions. China is now among the major providers of aid to Africa. Foreign aid has become an important tool in the...
Elling Tjønneland (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2020:1) 8 p.
Book Chapter | 2020

Constituting Transitions: Predicting Unpredictability

This chapter examines how transitional governance arrangements are constituted in peace and transitions processes. We map and analyse the relationship between the legal ‘constitutionalisation’ of the transition, and the political...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2020)
in Emmanuel H. D. De Groof, Micha Wiebusch: International Law and Transitional Governance Critical Perspectives. London: Routledge
CMI Brief | 2020

Everyday humanitarian diplomacy: Experiences from border areas

The term humanitarian diplomacy (HD) emerged in early 2000s. HD recognises the role of humanitarian actors when negotiating access, assistance and protection for civilians in situations of extreme insecurity and...
Cristina Churruca Muguruza (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:2) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2020

Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: Insights from Zambia

What does it take for a female politician to win a party nomination? We still know little about women’s entry into politics in countries without formal gender quotas. Using data...
Vibeke Wang, Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:1) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2020

Networks of anti-corruption authorities. Living up to their aspirations?

Networks of anti-corruption authorities pursue cross-border collaboration and joint capacity building, and sometimes even joint principles, joint policy making, and harmonization of national laws. Information about these activities and their...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:2)
Journal Article | 2020

Islamic Neoliberalism for Jordan's Islamic Action Front in Islamic Banking and Finance

There is a paradox: why are there so many political and economic Islamic actors in the Middle East but not a large willingness on their part to adopt and promote...
Sarah Ann Tobin (2020)
in Politics and Religion vol. 13 no. 4 pp. 768-795