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Journal Article | Jan 2020

Income Guarantees and Borrowing in Risky Environments: Evidence from India's Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

This paper investigates the effects of an income guarantee on borrowing in a risky setting with marked seasonality. A three‐season, infinite‐horizon model is developed, in which the aims of smoothing...
Clive Bell and Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay (2020)
in Economica. Early view
Journal Article | 2019

The Political, Research, Programmatic, and Social Responses to Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the 25 Years Since the International Conference on Population and Development

Among the ground-breaking achievements of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) was its call to place adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) on global health and development agendas....
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, M.B.B.S., M.Sc. a,*, B. Jane Ferguson, M.S.W., M.S.C. b, (2019)
in Journal of Adolescent Health vol. 65 no. 6
Journal Article | 2019

Will REDD+ safeguards mitigate corruption? Qualitative evidence from Southeast Asia

High levels of faith and finance have been invested in REDD+ as a promising global climate change mitigation policy. Since its inception in 2007, corruption has been viewed as a...
Aled Williams, Kendra Dupuy (2019)
in The Journal of Development Studies
Journal Article | 2019

Elite behaviour and citizen mobilization

This paper studies the relation between self-serving elite behaviour and citizen political participation. We use a fixed effects approach to analyze the association between portfolio investment in tax havens and...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2019)
in European Journal of Political Research
Journal Article | 2018

Should developing countries establish petroleum funds?

Many natural resource abundant countries have established sovereign wealth funds as part of their strategy of managing the resource wealth. The paper looks into different arguments used as reasons to...
Ragnar Torvik (2018)
in The Energy Journal vol. 39 no. 4
Journal Article | 2018

Decay or Resilience? The Long-Term Social Consequences of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence in Sierra Leone

This article examines the long-term impact of conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) on prosocial behavior in Sierra Leone. Two theoretical arguments are developed and tested. The first draws on the feminist...
Carlo Koos (2018)
in World Politics vol. 70 no. 2 pp. 194-238
Journal Article | 2018

Exploring the spatio-temporal processes of communal rangeland grabbing in Sudan

The persistent policy of successive Sudanese governments in favouring large-scale agricultural investments at the expense of traditional land use is creating material differences among significant groups of the population. A...
Hussein M. Sulieman (2018)
Springer Open: Research, Policy and Practice
CMI Report | 2018

Norwegian aid to food security, nutrition and agriculture

The report reviews available research on the links between agriculture and the rest of the economy, with a focus on structural adjustment and the role of agriculture in economic growth...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:01) 57 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Nepal: A political economy analysis

This report is an integrated political economy analysis of Nepal. The main finding is that economic growth and poverty reduction have been steady in Nepal since the mid-1980s independently of...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2017)
NUPI (Report)
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Protected tax havens: Cornering the market through international reform?

Since the year 2000, an international reform process has been underway to reduce the negative impacts of tax havens. This paper analyzes whether the reform period has favoured protected tax...
Ivar Kolstad (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:7) 15 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Corruption in community-driven development. A Kenyan case study with insights from Indonesia

Abstract Community-driven development is a widely employed development strategy for empowering people to choose their own development priorities, to select their own project leaders, and to monitor the implementation of their...
Jean Ensminger (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:9) 60 p
Report in External Series | 2017

Country Evaluation Brief: Somalia

Somalia is one of the world’s poorest countries having suffered from decades of acute political fragility, instability, violent conflict and lack of development. It is also ranked as the most...
Marcus Manuel, Raphaelle Faure, Dina Mansour-Ille (2017)
Oslo: Norad (Norad Country Evaluation Briefs no. 3/2017) 36 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Country Evaluation Brief: Malawi

Malawi is one of the world's least developed countries, with a poverty rate that is consistently high compared to other countries in sub-Saharan Africa and declining at a slower pace. The...
Inge Amundsen (2017)
Norad Country Evaluation Brief
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Policy Making in the Tanzanian Petro State: Building a Statistical Basis

This paper deals with needs and availability of data, statistics and information in Tanzania. It relates to a five-year (2014–19) research programme on prospects and challenges for the petroleum sector.  The...
Jan Isaksen, Blandina Kilama, Fred Matola (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:5) 53 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Afghanistan: Challenges and perspectives until 2020

Afghanistan is faced with a number of contextual challenges which are likely to influence implementation of the Afghan National Peace and Development Framework, and thereby the European Union (EU) Multi-...
Arne Strand (2017)
European Parliament, Directorate-general for external policies policy department
CMI Brief | 2016

Marginalisation and Poverty in Rural Malanje, Angola

Rural Angola has gone through decades of hardships with war and economic marginalisation – culminating with the current economic crisis. This brief is about ten rural communities in the province...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 18) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Corruption and state-backed debts in Mozambique: What can external actors do?

The average annual cost of corruption to Mozambique was recently estimated to be up to USD 4.9 billion for the period 2004-2014. Some analysts have entertained the idea that investments in...
David Aled Williams, Jan Isaksen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:6) 24 p
CMI Brief | 2016

Lack of consultation. Stakeholders perspectives on local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop Local Content Policies (LCPs) to increase local job and business opportunities. This brief presents...
Espen Villanger (CMI), Abel Kinyondo (Repoa), Ingvild Hestad (CMI) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 15) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Petro-Governance in Tanzania: Opportunities and Challenges

Recent significant natural gas discoveries have pushed Tanzania into the international spotlight as a new petroleum producer. How can the country ensure that its newfound wealth is translated into economic...
Bryan Lee, Kendra Dupuy (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 14) 4 p.