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CMI Brief | Jun 2020

La diplomatie humanitaire

Améliorer l’accès à l’aide humanitaire dans les conflits et dans les situations d’urgence complexes a toujours été la plus grande préoccupation pour les acteurs humanitaires. Historiquement l’humanitarisme a été conduit...
Antonio De Lauri (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:06) 4 p.
CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Everyday humanitarian diplomacy: Experiences from border areas

The term humanitarian diplomacy (HD) emerged in early 2000s. HD recognises the role of humanitarian actors when negotiating access, assistance and protection for civilians in situations of extreme insecurity and...
Cristina Churruca Muguruza (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:2) 4 p.
TNRC Publication | 2019

Understanding effects of corruption on law enforcement and environmental crime

Law enforcement agencies monitor and enforce laws that protect landscapes, seascapes, and the species that inhabit them. Corruption helps violators circumvent these laws and regulations and makes law enforcement a...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium
Journal Article | 2019

The politicization of abortion and hippocratic disobedience in Islamist Sudan

In Sudan's Islamist state, abortion is politicized through its association to illegal pregnancy. Fornication is crime against God punishable with 100 lashes. Pregnancy outside a marriage contract constitute sufficient evidence...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2019)
in Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 21 no. 2 pp. 7-19
Book Chapter | 2019

Extractive and Power-Preserving Political Corruption

This introductory chapter outlines the distinctions between, on the one hand, political and bureaucratic corruption, and, on the other hand, between extractive and power-preserving corruption. It is argued that the...
Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
U4 Brief | 2019

Madagascar’s specialised anti-corruption court: The quest to end impunity

In 2018, Madagascar established a specialised independent anti-corruption court – the 'Pôle Anti-Corruption' – in response to impunity in conventional courts. Special features aimed to protect the court against executive...
Florian Schatz (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:2)
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Why fix KPK when it is not broken?

Indonesia’s most promising attempt at controlling corruption and an inspiration for its peers internationally is about to lose a lot of what enabled it to be so effective and trusted...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2019)
Jakarta Post 27 September
Book Chapter | 2019

The Internal Protection Alternative and its Relation to Refugee Status

Jessica Schultz (2019)
in Satvinder Juss: Research Handbook on International Refugee Law. Elgar
Journal Article | 2019

Vulnerable populations and the right to health: lessons from the Peruvian Amazon around tuberculosis control

In 2014 the World Health Organization (WHO) launched the “End TB Strategy”, setting new ambitious goals for elimination of tuberculosis (TB). In contrast with previous efforts to control TB, the...
Camila Gianella (2019)
in International Journal for Equity in Health vol. 18 no. 1 pp. 1-13
Journal Article | 2019

Overcoming the Limits of Legal Opportunity Structures: LGBT Rights’ Divergent Paths in Costa Rica and Colombia

Costa Rica and Colombia, two of the earliest Latin American countries to protect many LGBT rights, attempted to amplify those rights and litigate same-sex marriage (SSM) in mid-2000s; however, these...
Bruce M. Wilson,Camila Gianella (2019)
in Latin American Politics and Society. vol. 61, Special Issue 2 pp. 138-163
Book Chapter | 2019

Policing

Policing is critical for children’s security but police are also responsible for preventing and addressing crime by children and younger persons. This can raise risks from a human rights perspective,...
Inger Aasgaard and Malcolm Langford (2019)
in Malcolm Langford , Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.): Children's Rights in Norway An Implementation Paradox?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget pp. 202-219
Book Chapter | 2019

Children’s Rights’ Indexes: Measuring Norway’s Performance

Global indexes are commonly used to measure a country’s performance, including on the implementation of human rights conventions. Such audit-like tools project neutrality and avoid the charges of anecdotal evidence....
Malcolm Langford and Tori Loven Kirkebø (2019)
in Malcolm Langford , Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.): Children's Rights in Norway An Implementation Paradox?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget pp. 42-99
Edited Book | 2019

Children's Rights in Norway

Norway tops international indexes on children’s rights but continues to attract criticism for its level of compliance with the Convention of the Rights of Child. This book is the first...
Malcolm Langford, Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.) (2019)
Children's Rights in Norway: An Implementation Paradox?, Universitetsforlaget
Book Chapter | 2019

Citizenship, statelessness, and human rights protection in Sudan's constitutions and post South Sudan secession challenges

Sudan and South Sudan have suffered from repeated cycles of conflict and authoritarianism resulting in serious human rights and humanitarian law violations. Several efforts, such as the 2005 Comprehensive Peace...
Munzoul Assal (2019)
in Constitution-making and Human Rights in the Sudans (Lutz Oette, Mohamed Abdelsalam Babiker (eds.))
Report in External Series | 2019

Transforming Pastoralist Mobility in West Darfur: Understanding Continuity and Change

In the Darfur Region of Sudan, patterns of livestock mobility and livelihood systems are continually adapting and transforming themselves in the face of multiple challenges. Earlier studies have shown that...
Hussein Sulieman and Helen Young (2019)
A Feinstein International Center publication, January 2019
Book | 2019

The Internal Protection Alternative in Refugee Law: Treaty basis and scope of application under the 1951 Convention on the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol

Under what circumstances can a state refuse refugee status to a person whose risk of persecution exists in only part of her country of origin? This book is the first...
Jessica Schultz (2019)
Brill Nijhoff (International Refugee Law Series no. 14)
Journal Article | 2018

Delivery strategies for malaria chemoprevention with monthly dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for the post-discharge management of severe anaemia in children aged less than 5 years old in Malawi: a protocol for a cluster randomized trial

Background Children initially hospitalized with severe anaemia in Africa are at high risk of readmission or death within 6 months after discharge. No intervention strategy specifically protects children during the...
Thandile Gondwe, Bjarne Robberstad, Mavuto Mukaka, Siri Lange, Bjørn Blomberg, Kamija S. Phiri (2018)
in BMC Pediatrics vol. 18:238 pp. 1-8
Sudan Brief | 2018

Drivers of child marriage in eastern Sudan

There are several causes that contribute to child marriage in eastern Sudan, including poverty, lack of education for girls, avoiding stigma and the legality of child marriage. However, tradition and...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2018:02) 4 p.
Master's Thesis | 2018

Safeguarding borders, or safeguarding queers?

While the political field of immigration is getting increasingly stringent throughout Europe, rights for queer individuals are progressively strengthened in Western parts of the world. These two parallel trends have made...
Yngvild Gotaas Torvik (2018)
Paris: CNRS-CERI Sciences Po 99 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Religious Counter-Mobilization against Child Marriage Reform in Sudan

Each year, 15 million girls are married before the age of 18. Sudan is among the African countries with a high prevalence of child marriage. In Sudan, 10.7% of women...
Liv Tønnessen (2018)
in Siha Journal: Women in Islam