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Journal Article | forthcoming 2021

Legal Mobilization to Protect Women against Rape in Islamist Sudan

A popular uprising recently ousted Omar al-Bashir and his Islamist cronies from power after having ruled Sudan with an iron fist since 1989. Sexual abuse and torture orchestrated by the...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2021)
in Cahiers d'études africaines
Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

European colonization and the corruption of local elites: the case of chiefs in Africa

The association between British colonial rule and lower levels of corruption is often emphasized in legal origins literature (La Porta et al., 2008). However, given the historical context of Africa, we hypothesize...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Abdulaziz Shifa (2020)
in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization vol. 179
Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

Corruption and Anti-Corruption in Environmental and Resource Management

Corruption significantly affects the large majority of countries, and it has negative social and economic impacts. Its impacts on environmental and resource management (ERM) sectors are less well understood. We...
Luca Tacconi, David Aled Williams (2020)
in Annual Review of Environment and Resources vol. 45
U4 Issue | Aug 2020

A Theory of Change for the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Designing resource governance pathways to improve developmental outcomes

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative is a major international effort to disclose information about extractive activities. Having an explicit Theory of Change could help it to improve natural resource governance...
Philippe Le Billon, Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:11)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Aug 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 9. The UK’s changing anti-corruption landscape – new energy, new horizons

Between 2013 and 2018, the UK made unusually rapid progress in improving instruments to address corruption. These advances included legal reforms, such as establishing beneficial ownership registers, Deferred Prosecution Agreements,...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:9)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Aug 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions

The last 20 years has seen a solid international architecture established to fight corruption. However, the pace of progress has slowed in recent years. Two critical problems are that the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:10)
U4 Brief | Jul 2020

Emergency release of people from prison because of Covid-19. A brief analysis through an anti-corruption lens

Many countries are implementing emergency releases of people from prison to mitigate the spread of Covid-19. Such measures, while critical to public health, can enable the unjust release from prison...
Victoria Jennett (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:11)
Journal Article | Jun 2020

The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?

  Angola experienced an extraordinary oil boom between 2004 and 2014. During this period, oil revenue accounted for 80% of all government revenue. In 2011, the Government of Angola started implementing...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo (2020)
in The Extractive Industries and Society vol. 7
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56
U4 Issue | Jun 2020

Health sector corruption. Practical recommendations for donors

Corruption in the health sector can make the difference between life and death. It has severe consequences for access, quality, equity, efficiency, and efficacy of health services and is an...
Karen Hussmann (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:10)
CMI Insight | May 2020

War in resource-rich northern Mozambique – Six scenarios

Since the October 2017 attacks by alleged Islamist insurgents, commonly referred to as Ahlu Sunnah Wa-Jama and locally know as Al Shabab, on Mocimboa da Praia, it has not been...
Francisco Almeida dos Santos (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2020:02) 18 p.
U4 Issue | May 2020

Values education for public integrity. What works and what doesn’t

Schools and universities in various countries are teaching youth about integrity norms and values. Despite limited evidence on effectiveness, some good practices and lessons learned have emerged. Development partners, multilateral...
Carissa Munro, Monica Kirya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:8)
Sudan Brief | Mar 2020

Irregular Migration or Human Trafficking? The Realities of Cross-border Population Mobility in Western Sudan

A new public discourse labels irregular migration as human trafficking. The new discourse has been shaped by emerging globalized migration patterns and the increased securitization of Europe’s borders.  This brief...
Abdelmageed M. Yahya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2020:1) 4 p.
Journal Article | Mar 2020

'He should learn that he cannot get a woman for free’: Male elopers and constructions of masculinity in the Afghan justice system

This article explores constructions of gender, masculinity, and class in moral crimes prosecutions, and their legal aftermaths in Afghanistan. It argues that the lack of attention to men in advocacy...
Torunn Wimpelmann, Aziz Hakimi, Masooma Sa'adat (2020)
in Men and Masculinities, March 2020
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Reciprocity networks, service delivery, and corruption: The wantok system in Papua New Guinea

In all countries, informal systems of reciprocity influence the distribution of state resources. These social networks help people cope with adversity but can also promote favouritism and corruption, posing a...
Grant Walton, David Jackson (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:1)
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
TNRC Publication | 2019

Understanding effects of corruption on law enforcement and environmental crime

Law enforcement agencies monitor and enforce laws that protect landscapes, seascapes, and the species that inhabit them. Corruption helps violators circumvent these laws and regulations and makes law enforcement a...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium
Report in External Series | 2019

Building accountable resource governance institutions

Formal institutions are central actors in natural resource governance decisions and a key arena in which policies, laws and regulations ranging from forest concessions to trade in wildlife products are...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium (TNRC Introductory Overview)
Book Chapter | 2019

Governing petroleum resources in Tanzania: Lessons learned and policy implications

Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari and Kendra Dupuy (2019)
in Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari and Kendra Dupuy: Governing petroleum resources: Prospects and challenges for Tanzania. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute & REPOA pp. 147-163