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Report in External Series | 2019

The “CIA’s Army”: A Threat to Human Rights and an Obstacle to Peace in Afghanistan

Afghan paramilitary forces working with the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have long been a staple in the US war on terrorism in Afghanistan and the border region with...
Astri Suhrke and Antonio De Lauri (2019)
Providence: The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University (Costs of War) 14 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Besteuerung und Kapitalflucht aus Afrika: Die Steuervermeidungsindustrie [The tax avoidance industry: facilitators of capital flight from Africa]

To combat the global problems of tax evasion, corruption and money laundering, it is vital to understand the essential role tax havens play as providers of secrecy. This requires knowledge...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
Afrika-bulletin 171 Entwicklungspolitische Zeitschrift des Afrika-Komitees Basel Sept/Okt 2018
Journal Article | 2018

Do donors reduce bilateral aid to countries with restrictive NGO laws?: A panel study, 1993-2012

Foreign aid contributes to about 10% of gross domestic product of developing countries. To distribute aid in recipient countries, Western donors increasingly rely on non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Yet, since the...
Kendra Dupuy & Aseem Prakash (2018)
in Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly vol. 47 no. 1 pp. 89-106
Book Chapter | 2017

With a little help from the banks

Africa is a source of large-scale capital flight. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on how banks facilitate capital flight from Africa. There is growing evidence that...
Kari Heggstad and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2017)
in Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Sigrid Klæboe Jacobsen, Peter Ringstad and Honest Prosper Ngowi : Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute pp. 90-92
Book Chapter | 2017

The rise and fall of the mining royalty regime in Zambia

Zambia has a long history of disputed changes of the mining tax regime with damaging effects on the working relations between the Government and the mining sector. A shared assumption...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Caleb Fundanga and Lise Rakner (2017)
in Fjeldstad, Sigrid Klæboe Jacobsen, Peter Ringstad and Honest Prosper Ngowi : Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute pp. 120-124
Book Chapter | 2017

Capital flight, tax policy and lobbyists in Africa

This article examines how the use of tax havens affects tax moral and lobbying, and how tax havens form elites’ and other actors’ incentives to block or promote tax reforms in...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2017)
in Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Sigrid Klæboe Jacobsen, Peter Ringstad and Honest Prosper Ngowi : Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute pp. 93-96
Book | 2017

Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa

Several African countries are among the fastest growing economies in the world. However, capital flows to tax havens are one factor limiting the benefits of economic growth for ordinary Africans....
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Sigrid Klæboe Jacobsen, Peter Henriksen Ringstad, Honest Prosper Ngowi, Ingvild Hestad, Åse Johanne Roti Dahl (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Beneficial openness? Weighing the costs and benefits of financial transparency

Public financial transparency is increasingly advocated as a solution to concerns over legal tax planning by multinational corporations, and illegal tax evasion, fraud and money laundering. Caution is warranted since...
Maya Forstater (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:3) 36 p.
Edited Book | 2017

Social rights judgments and the politics of compliance: Making it stick

The last few decades have witnessed an explosion of judgments on social rights around the world. However, we know little about whether these rulings have been implemented. Compliance with Socio-Economic...
Malcolm Langford, Cesar Rodriguez-Garavito, Julieta Rossi (2017)
Cambridge University Press 527 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Specialised anti-corruption courts: A comparative mapping

Frustration with the capacity of the ordinary machinery of justice to deal adequately with corruption has prompted many countries to develop specialised anti-corruption institutions. While anti-corruption agencies with investigative and/or...
Sofie Arjon Schütte, Matthew C. Stephenson (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:7) 28 p
U4 Issue | 2016

Corruption and state-backed debts in Mozambique: What can external actors do?

The average annual cost of corruption to Mozambique was recently estimated to be up to USD 4.9 billion for the period 2004-2014. Some analysts have entertained the idea that investments in...
David Aled Williams, Jan Isaksen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:6) 24 p
CMI Brief | 2016

Violence against women in the context of urban poverty in Angola

Violence against women is widespread in Angola. This brief presents the main findings in a recent study of how violence against women is playing out in the context of urban...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen, Margareth Nangacovie (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 16) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2016

Specialised anti-corruption courts: Philippines

The Philippines' Sandiganbayan is the oldest specialised anti-corruption court in the world. Though established mainly to resolve corruption cases more expeditiously, the Sandiganbayan is plagued by delays and inefficiency. This...
Matthew Stephenson (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2016:3) 4 p
U4 Brief | 2016

Specialised anti-corruption courts: Uganda

The Uganda High Court has an Anti-Corruption Division (ACD) with original jurisdiction over all corruption and related cases. The main rationale for its establishment was the speedier resolution of corruption...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2016:5) 5 p
Journal Article | 2015

Opposition parties and the decentralisation process in South Africa and Zambia

Theories of democratic decentralisation in democratising states suggest that such reforms will provide significant opportunities for parties in opposition at the national level by multiplying the arenas of political contestation....
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Lars Svåsand (2015)
in Commonwealth & Comparative Politics vol. 53 no. 4 pp. 475-496
Sudan Working Paper | 2015

Informal Cross-Border Trade in Eastern Sudan A Case Study from Kassala and Gedarif States

Informal trade in pre-colonial Africa, sometimes in the form of barter, wasone of the mechanisms of social interaction between various ethnic groupsand jurisdictions. It was an alternative to the state...
ElTayeb Mohamadain and Hassan Ahmed Abdel Ati (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2015:6) 22 p.
U4 Issue | 2014

The role of donors in the recovery of stolen assets

Financial crimes such as corruption, fraud, and embezzlement generate significant profits, often at the expense of the public budget. These proceeds of crime are usually hidden outside of the country...
Gretta Fenner Zinkernagel, Pedro Gomes Pereira, Francesco De Simone (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2014:08) 29 p.
Journal Article | 2014

Assessing judicial performance in Indonesia: the Court for Corruption Crimes

New specialized courts have emerged in many countries, both in response to international pressure for legal reform and reflecting states’ own choice. Among these courts are specialized anti-corruption courts. The...
Simon Butt and Sofie Arjon Schütte (2014)
in Crime, Law and Social Change vol. 62 no. 5 pp. 603-619
U4 Issue | 2014

The role of donors in the recovery of stolen assets

Financial crimes such as corruption, fraud, and embezzlement generate significant profits, often at the expense of the public budget. These proceeds of crime are usually hidden outside of the country...
Gretta Fenner Zinkernagel, Pedro Gomes Pereira, Francesco De Simone (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2014:8) 29 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2012

Democracy's shortcomings in anti-corruption

Citizens of countries with a corrupt political leadership are trapped in a situation, typically characterized by increasing income differences, human rights violations, dysfunctional democracy, limited press freedom, weak access to...
Tina Søreide (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:10)