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Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. (Forthcoming)
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
Journal Article | Jan 2020

Kinship, Caste, and Health: Illness and Treatment in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates whether an individual’s relationship to the head of household and caste are associated with the level of his or her morbidity and, in the event of illness,...
Clive Bell and Susanne van Dillen (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56 no. 1 pp. 45-62
Journal Article | 2019

The Political, Research, Programmatic, and Social Responses to Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the 25 Years Since the International Conference on Population and Development

Among the ground-breaking achievements of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) was its call to place adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) on global health and development agendas....
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, M.B.B.S., M.Sc. a,*, B. Jane Ferguson, M.S.W., M.S.C. b, (2019)
in Journal of Adolescent Health vol. 65 no. 6
Report in External Series | 2019

Understanding effects of corruption on law enforcement and environmental crime

Law enforcement agencies monitor and enforce laws that protect landscapes, seascapes, and the species that inhabit them. Corruption helps violators circumvent these laws and regulations and makes law enforcement a much...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium
Journal Article | 2019

Gender parity and the symbolic representation of women in Senegal

Following the adoption of the Senegalese Law on Parity and the subsequent influx of women to the National Assembly, we saw a strong gendered polarisation of attitudes towards women as...
Marianne Tøraasen (2019)
in The Journal of Modern African Studies
Journal Article | 2019

Acceptability of an economic support component to reduce early pregnancy and school dropout in Zambia: a qualitative case study

Background: Cash Transfer (CT) schemes have become popular poverty reducing measures in many low and middle-income countries. Research indicates that when provided to girls in resource poor settings, cash transfers...
Emmanuel Banda, Joar Svanemyr, Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Isabel Goicolea & Joseph Mumba Zulu (2019)
in Global Health Action vol. 12 no. 1
Book Chapter | 2019

Congenitally Conjoined and Inseparable: Politics and Corruption in Nigeria

This chapter analyses political corruption in Nigeria through the trajectory of a number of scandals and their background. It underscores the resilience of political corruption in the country, where the...
Emmanuel Oladipo Ojo, Vaclav Prusa, Inge Amundsen (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Sudan Brief | 2019

The paradox of federalism and decentralisation in South Sudan: An instrument and an obstacle for peace

A power sharing agreement and the inauguration of a new government in South Sudan has been put to a halt. Disagreement on the number of states and local self-government, security...
Lovise Aalen (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2019:01) 5 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa

We argue that polygyny creates a social imbalance where few, economically well-off men marry many wives and many poor men marry late or never. By definition, polygyny produces what we...
Carlo Koos, Clara Neupert-Wentz (2019)
in Journal of Conflict Resolution
Journal Article | 2019

Vulnerable populations and the right to health: lessons from the Peruvian Amazon around tuberculosis contro

In 2014 the World Health Organization (WHO) launched the “End TB Strategy”, setting new ambitious goals for elimination of tuberculosis (TB). In contrast with previous efforts to control TB, the...
Camila Gianella (2019)
in International Journal for Equity in Health
Journal Article | 2019

Adolescent pregnancy and social norms in Zambia

Early pregnancy occurs frequently in Zambia and is considered a public health issue. The aim of this study was to improve understanding of how gendered sexual norms make young unmarried...
Joar Svanemyr (2019)
in Culture, Health & Sexuality
Journal Article | 2019

Legal Regimes, Women’s Work, and Women’s Empowerment

The second-wave feminist movement called attention to the endurance of discriminatory laws that deny women equal rights and opportunities. Since the 1970s, most countries around the world responded to feminist...
Mala Htun; Francesca R Jensenius; Liv Tønnessen (2019)
in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 189-192
Journal Article | 2019

Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: gender imbalance in political recruitment in Zambia

Vibeke Wang and Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2019)
in Politics, Groups, & Identities (Published online 03 Jan 2019)
Journal Article | 2019

Active private sector development policies revisited: Impacts of the Ethiopian industrial cluster policy

We analyze impacts of a cluster policy aiming to increase firm growth through maximizing agglomeration benefits and improving production facilities. Firms located in a natural cluster were incentivized to move...
Tigabu Getahun and Espen Villanger (2019)
in Journal of Development Studies, 55, 1548-1564.
Journal Article | 2019

Factors influencing the use of reproductive health care services among married adolescent girls in Dang District, Nepal: a qualitative study

Background: Child marriage is associated with adverse reproductive health outcomes, and the practice is still alarmingly common. Together with efforts to end child marriage, it is essential to provide adequate...
Binita Maharjan, Poonam Rishal and Joar Svanemyr (2019)
in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth vol. 19 no. 152
CMI Report | 2019

Gendercide and marginalisation – An initial review of the knowledge base

Vibeke Wang, Magnus Hatlebakk, Liv Tønnessen, Ottar Mæstad, Kari Telle (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2019:04)
CMI Brief | 2019

Civil society’s role in petroleum sector governance: The case of Tanzania

Good governance in the management of natural resources is now recognized by scholars and policy makers as key to ensuring that countries can prevent and escape the resource curse and...
Kendra Dupuy, Lise Rakner, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:02) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Elite behaviour and citizen mobilization

This paper studies the relation between self-serving elite behaviour and citizen political participation. We use a fixed effects approach to analyze the association between portfolio investment in tax havens and...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2019)
in European Journal of Political Research
U4 Issue | 2019

Comparing peer-based anti-corruption missions in Kosovo and Guatemala

International missions brought foreign experts to help local partners tackle corruption and organised crime in Kosovo and Guatemala. With unprecedented investigative powers, those efforts sought to disrupt criminal networks and...
Gabriel Kuris (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:6)