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Sudan Working Paper | Sep 2020

Improved Understanding of FGM/C Abandonment among Sudanese Families in Khartoum and Kassala States

Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is widely practiced in Sudan, where the Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey (MICS) 2014 in Sudan, showed a prevalence of FGM/C among women and girls ages 15–49...
Prof. Nafisa Bedri and Dr. Yussra Mohammed - Ahfad University for Women (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2020:02)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Aug 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions

The last 20 years has seen a solid international architecture established to fight corruption. However, the pace of progress has slowed in recent years. Two critical problems are that the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:10)
U4 Issue | Aug 2020

A Theory of Change for the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Designing resource governance pathways to improve developmental outcomes

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative is a major international effort to disclose information about extractive activities. Having an explicit Theory of Change could help it to improve natural resource governance...
Philippe Le Billon, Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:11)
Sudan Working Paper | Jul 2020

Food Security and Agricultural Development in Sudan: The case of Kassala State

This research discusses the relationship between agricultural development and food security, determinants of supply of (production of food) and demand for (consumption of food) food and determinants of food insecurity...
Prof. Dr. Samia Mohamed Nour, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2020:1)
Journal Article | Jul 2020

Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa

We argue that polygyny creates a social imbalance where few, economically well-off men marry many wives and many poor men marry late or never. By definition, polygyny produces what we...
Carlo Koos, Clara Neupert-Wentz (2020)
in Journal of Conflict Resolution vol. 64 no. 2-3 pp. 402-431
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Jul 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 8. Working with other parts of government … when they don’t want to work with you

Within two years of starting its anti-corruption drive, the UK Department for International Development had secured a number of successes. This was despite having to work with other departments in...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:8)
CMI Working Paper | Jun 2020

Preparing to leave? Household mobility decisions in climate affected areas of coastal Bangladesh

Abstract We present unique survey data on the migration predictions of 400 households in two extremely climate exposed unions of coastal Bangladesh. We have four main findings. First, despite having prospects...
Arne Wiig, Minhaj Mahmud, Ivar Kolstad, Päivi Lujala, Sosina Bezu (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:04) 33 p.
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56
U4 Brief | Jun 2020

Covid-19 and donor financing. Minimising corruption risks while ensuring efficiency

With the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic, development aid and donor agencies face new challenges. They have to deliver essential products and financial assistance in a short time frame to...
Guillaume Nicaise (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:10)
U4 Issue | May 2020

Identifying feasible, high-impact anti-corruption interventions. The case of Albania

In developing and transition countries, blanket anti-corruption efforts often fail due to economic constraints and political resistance. In such contexts, development practitioners should target specific anti-corruption interventions that promise highest...
Luca J. Uberti (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:9)
Sudan Brief | Mar 2020

Irregular Migration or Human Trafficking? The Realities of Cross-border Population Mobility in Western Sudan

A new public discourse labels irregular migration as human trafficking. The new discourse has been shaped by emerging globalized migration patterns and the increased securitization of Europe’s borders.  This brief...
Abdelmageed M. Yahya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2020:1) 4 p.
CMI Brief | Feb 2020

Candidate selection and informal soft quotas for women: Insights from Zambia

What does it take for a female politician to win a party nomination? We still know little about women’s entry into politics in countries without formal gender quotas. Using data...
Vibeke Wang, Ragnhild L. Muriaas (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:1) 4 p.
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Reciprocity networks, service delivery, and corruption: The wantok system in Papua New Guinea

In all countries, informal systems of reciprocity influence the distribution of state resources. These social networks help people cope with adversity but can also promote favouritism and corruption, posing a...
Grant Walton, David Jackson (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:1)
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Using legal empowerment to curb corruption and advance accountability

Legal empowerment refers to the use of laws and rights to increase relatively powerless populations’ control over their lives. A growing field, it overlaps with social accountability but emphasises laws...
Stephen Golub (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:4)
U4 Brief | Feb 2020

Ukraine’s High Anti-Corruption Court. Innovation for impartial justice

In 2018, Ukraine established a High Anti-Corruption Court (HACC). Ukrainian civil society groups, with the crucial support of the international community, pushed for this specialised court as a way to...
Ivanna Y. Kuz, Matthew C. Stephenson (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:3)
Book Chapter | Jan 2020

French children’s literature and autism: A case for more children’s books on autism and for autistic children

The aim of this chapter is to assess the hypothesis that there would be a market for more children’s books on autism and for autistic children in France. Autism is...
Lucie Ducarre (2020)
in Contemporary Publishing and the Culture of Books. Routledge
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
Journal Article | Jan 2020

Kinship, Caste, and Health: Illness and Treatment in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates whether an individual’s relationship to the head of household and caste are associated with the level of his or her morbidity and, in the event of illness,...
Clive Bell and Susanne van Dillen (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56 no. 1 pp. 45-62
Journal Article | 2019

The Political, Research, Programmatic, and Social Responses to Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the 25 Years Since the International Conference on Population and Development

Among the ground-breaking achievements of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) was its call to place adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) on global health and development agendas....
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli et al. (2019)
in Journal of Adolescent Health vol. 65 no. 6
TNRC Publication | 2019

Understanding effects of corruption on law enforcement and environmental crime

Law enforcement agencies monitor and enforce laws that protect landscapes, seascapes, and the species that inhabit them. Corruption helps violators circumvent these laws and regulations and makes law enforcement a...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium