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Journal Article | Jul 2019

Polygynous Neighbors, Excess Men, and Intergroup Conflict in Rural Africa

We argue that polygyny creates a social imbalance where few, economically well-off men marry many wives and many poor men marry late or never. By definition, polygyny produces what we...
Carlo Koos, Clara Neupert-Wentz (2019)
in Journal of Conflict Resolution
Journal Article | Jan 2019

The historical roots of cooperative behavior—Evidence from eastern Congo

Cooperative norms and behavior are considered to be essential requirements for sustainable stabilization and development in conflict-affected states. It is therefore particularly important to understand what factors explain their salience...
Alexander De Juan, Carlo Koos (2019)
in World Development vol. 116 pp. 100-112
Report in External Series | 2018

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Like governments in many other African countries, the Government of Tanzania has been striving to improve the effectiveness of its value added tax (VAT) regime by reducing tax evasion through...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Vincent Somville (2018)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) (ICTD Working Paper no. 83) 28 p.
Journal Article | 2018

On the way to good health? Rural roads and morbidity in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates the effects of India's rural roads programme (PMGSY) on morbidity, using data on 279 households drawn from 30 villages in upland Orissa. The households were surveyed in...
Clive Bell and Susanne van Dillen (2018)
in Journal of Transport & Health vol. 10 no. September pp. 369-380
CMI Insight | 2018

Property owners’ knowledge and attitudes towards property taxation in Tanzania

Property taxation (PT) is high on the political agenda in Tanzania and considered a cornerstone of the Government’s efforts to strengthen broad based direct taxation. Because it is visible to...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:01) 12 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Kinship, Caste and Health: Illness and Treatment in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates whether an individual’s relationship to the head of household and caste are associated with the level of his or her morbidity and, in the event of illness,...
Clive Bell, Susanne van Dillen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:6) 35 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Life skills in non-formal contexts for adolescent girls in developing countries

Executive summary How can young women in developing countries best be prepared for success in their lives and livelihoods? Life preparation requires learning different types of knowledge and skills in formal,...
Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen, Sandra Halvorsen, Christina Kwauk (Brookings Institution), Amanda Braga (Brookings Institution), Helyn Kim (Brookings Institution) (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:5) 115 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Exploring the spatio-temporal processes of communal rangeland grabbing in Sudan

The persistent policy of successive Sudanese governments in favouring large-scale agricultural investments at the expense of traditional land use is creating material differences among significant groups of the population. A...
Hussein M. Sulieman (2018)
Springer Open: Research, Policy and Practice
Book | 2018

The Politics of the Headscarf in the United States

The Politics of the Headscarf in the United States investigates the social and political effects of the practice of Muslim-American women wearing the headscarf (hijab) in a non-Muslim state. The...
Bozena C. Welborne, Aubrey L. Westfall, Özge Çelik Russell, Sarah A. Tobin (2018)
Ithaca: Cornell University Press 264 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

How do voters respond to information on self-serving elite behaviour? Evidence from a randomized survey experiment in Tanzania

Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2018)
Helsinki: UNU-WIDER (WIDER Working Paper no. 11/2018)
Sudan Report | 2018

Community Views on Child Marriage in Kassala: Prospects for Change

Child marriage is any formal marriage or informal union where one or both parties are under 18 years of age. Child marriage affects both boys and girls, but disproportionately affects...
Samia El Nagar, Manal Mahjoub, Adil Idris, Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2018:1)
Journal Article | 2018

The Great Escape? Converging Refugee Crises in Tyre, Lebanon

This article analyses the convergence of two refugee crises, Palestine (1948-present) and Syria (2012-present), having brought old and new refugees into close, and increasingly, conflictual contact. While the former settled...
Are John Knudsen (2018)
in Refugee Survey Quarterly vol. 37 no. 1 pp. 96-115
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Adultery, rape, and escaping the house: The protection and policing of female sexuality in Afghanistan

This working paper undertakes an initial survey of the dynamics through which the criminalization of female sexuality structures women’s access to protection against rape in Afghanistan, examining both legislation and...
Torunn Wimpelmann (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:9) 16 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Petroleum populism: How new resource endowments shape voter choices

High-value natural resources can be a political “curse” when political elites use resource revenues to maintain power, subvert democratic rule, and distribute public goods to their supporters. New resource discoveries...
Andreas Stølan, Benjamin Engebretsen, Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Vincent Somville, Cornel Jahari, Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 11) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Prospects for peace in a petro-state: Gas extraction and participation in violence in Tanzania

Significant petroleum discoveries in Tanzania have shaped the country’s political discourse in recent years, with politicians promising to turn this newfound resource wealth into rapid economic growth and poverty reduction....
Andreas Stølan, Benjamin Engebretsen, Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Vincent Somville, Cornel Jahari, Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 10) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

“Making money in Angola is about connections, not hard work”

What do the educated future of Angola make of their future in Angola? A recent survey of university students in Angola documents a grave concern about inequality, and strong preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig, Vissolela Chivunda (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 12) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2017

Compensatory Livestock Thievery: A New Trend in Economic Crime In Dilling/South Kordofan State (2014–2016)

“Compensatory livestock thievery” within the greater Dilling locality in South Kordofan State (SKS) is an economic crime that was born out of a war environment. In this form of crime,...
Dr. Ahmed Elhassab, Mohammed Elhassab (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2017:3) 28 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Usufructuary Mortgages as a Source of Funds in Need: Some Theory and an Empirical Investigation

This paper develops a theoretical framework in which the borrower, who mortgages out, and the lender, who mortgages in, a parcel of land reach their decisions when credit and land...
Magnus Hatlebakk, Clive Bell (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:6) 45 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2017

Poverty among Sudanese communities along the eastern borders: A case study from the Kassala and Gedarif States

The data for this paper was collected through a survey aimed at reviewing the socioeconomic conditions of the communities living along the Sudanese border between Eritrea and Ethiopia. The survey...
Dr. Faiez Ahmed Hamed ElNeel, Dr. Hassan Ahmed Abdel Ati, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain Abdalla (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2017:2) 16 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

It Takes a Female Chief: Gender and Effective Policy Advocacy in Malawi

Traditional leadership often coexists with modernpolitical institutions, yet we know little about how traditional and state authority cues—or those from male or female sources—affect public support for human rights issues....
Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Lindsay J. Benstead, Boniface Dulani and Lise Rakner (2017)
Gothenburg: The Program on Governance and Local Development, University of Gothenburg no. Working Paper No. 11