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Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

European colonization and the corruption of local elites: the case of chiefs in Africa

The association between British colonial rule and lower levels of corruption is often emphasized in legal origins literature (La Porta et al., 2008). However, given the historical context of Africa, we hypothesize...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Abdulaziz Shifa (2020)
in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization vol. 179
Book Chapter | Sep 2020

Corruption in customs: How can it be tackled?

This chapter examines recent experiences in combating corruption in customs administration in developing countries. There is no lack of measures, norms, standards or ‘best practices’ to address corruption. Although development...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Ernani Checcucci Filho and Gaël Raballand (2020)
in World Bank (2020): Enhancing Government Effectiveness and Transparency: The Fight Against Corruption. Washington D.C.
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Overcoming the pitfalls of engaging communities in anti-corruption programmes

Effective engagement by communities is a crucial strategy for anti-corruption initiatives. However, encouraging involvement and civic-mindedness at a local level can present challenges for donors and practitioners. Trust, the sense...
Petra Burai (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:3)
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2019

Why fix KPK when it is not broken?

Indonesia’s most promising attempt at controlling corruption and an inspiration for its peers internationally is about to lose a lot of what enabled it to be so effective and trusted...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2019)
Jakarta Post 27 September
U4 Issue | 2019

Social accountability and water integrity: Learning from experiences with participatory and transparent budgeting in Ethiopia and Nepal

Experiences with social accountability measures in water management schemes in Nepal and Ethiopia offer useful lessons for practitioners. Participation and transparency in budgeting measures open up new spaces for deliberation,...
Birke Otto, Floriane Clement, Binayak Das, Hari Dhungana, Lotte Feuerstein, Girma Senbeta, Jasmina Van Driel (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:11)
Journal Article | 2019

Active private sector development policies revisited: Impacts of the Ethiopian industrial cluster policy

We analyze impacts of a cluster policy aiming to increase firm growth through maximizing agglomeration benefits and improving production facilities. Firms located in a natural cluster were incentivized to move...
Tigabu Getahun and Espen Villanger (2019)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 55 no. 7 pp. 1548-1564
U4 Issue | 2019

Education sector corruption: How to assess it and ways to address it

Education sector corruption erodes social trust, worsens inequality, and sabotages development. Types of corruption in elementary-secondary education range from academic cheating to bribery and nepotism in teaching appointments to bid-rigging...
Monica Kirya (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:5)
Journal Article | 2019

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax administration in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2019)
in Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 129-147
U4 Issue | 2019

Follow the integrity trendsetter. How to support change in youth opinion and build social trust

In some societies people come to see corruption as the norm. When popular opinion in a country normalises corruption, this results in low trust in public administration. In Nepal, a...
Jenny Bentley, Saul Mullard (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:3)
CMI Report | 2018

Building tax systems in fragile states. Challenges, achievements and policy recommendations

The purpose of this study is to systematise and analyse existing knowledge on taxation in fragile states. Efforts to support domestic revenue mobilisation in conflict situations require a different approach...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Morten Bøås, Julie Brun Bjørkheim, Frida Margrethe Kvamme (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:03) 49 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

Evaluation of the Norwegian Aid Administration’s Practice of Results-Based Management

The purpose of this evaluation has been to improve the aid administration’s current practice of results-based management by documenting how this is currently done and by identifying areas of improvement.  Key findings are: - Despite the...
Paul Balogun, Rob Lloyd, Espen Villanger and Mary Lagaay (2018)
Oslo: Norad no. 4/2018 79 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax collection in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:1) 27 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

The rise and fall of the mining royalty regime in Zambia

Zambia has a long history of disputed changes of the mining tax regime with damaging effects on the working relations between the Government and the mining sector. A shared assumption...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Caleb Fundanga and Lise Rakner (2017)
in Fjeldstad, Sigrid Klæboe Jacobsen, Peter Ringstad and Honest Prosper Ngowi : Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute pp. 120-124
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
U4 Issue | 2017

Lobbying: the preconditions of an anti-corruption promise

Can lobbying be a realistic and legitimate alternative to corruption in less developed countries? This paper addresses this question by: (1) delineating the differences and similarities between lobbying and corruption;...
Anthony Nownes (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:8) 28 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Covering ebola: A comparative analysis of CCTV Africa’s Talk Africa and Al Jazeera English’s Inside Story

This article presents a comparative analysis of how Chinese Central Television (CCTV) Africa and Al Jazeera English’s current affairs talk shows, both in English, have covered the 2014-2015 West Africa...
Shubo Li (2017)
in Journal of African Cultural Studies vol. 29 no. 1 pp. 114-130
Report in External Series | 2017

It Takes a Female Chief: Gender and Effective Policy Advocacy in Malawi

Traditional leadership often coexists with modernpolitical institutions, yet we know little about how traditional and state authority cues—or those from male or female sources—affect public support for human rights issues....
Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Lindsay J. Benstead, Boniface Dulani and Lise Rakner (2017)
Gothenburg: The Program on Governance and Local Development, University of Gothenburg no. Working Paper No. 11
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Beneficial openness? Weighing the costs and benefits of financial transparency

Public financial transparency is increasingly advocated as a solution to concerns over legal tax planning by multinational corporations, and illegal tax evasion, fraud and money laundering. Caution is warranted since...
Maya Forstater (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:3) 36 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF): A united army for a divided country?

Multi-confessional armies are often seen as being weak and prone to disintegration. The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) is a case in point. From its inception it was formed as a...
Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade (2017)
in Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade: Civil-Military Relations in Lebanon. London: PalgraveMacmillan pp. 1-22
Report in External Series | 2017

Mozambique: A political economy analysis

In 2017, Mozambique was at its most critical moment since the end of the civil war, in a crisis-like cocktail of political, economic and social problems. This report uses a political economy analysis...
Aslak Jangård Orre,Helge Rønning (2017)
Bergen: NUPI (NUPI political economy reports) 62 p.