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Book Chapter | Jun 2020

Relieving Women’s Costs of Standing for Election: Malawi’s 50/50 Campaigns

Vibeke Wang, Happy Kayuni, Asiyati Chiweza, Samantha Soyiyo (2020)
in Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Vibeke Wang, Rainbow Murray: Gendered Electoral Financing. Money, Power and Representation in Comparative Perspective. London: Routledge
U4 Issue | Mar 2020

Blockchain as an anti-corruption tool. Case examples and introduction to the technology

The technology behind bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies was supposed to end poverty, eliminate corruption, and provide financial inclusion for all. The very financial institutions it was created to exclude are...
Per Aarvik (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:7)
U4 Brief | Feb 2020

Improving audits to increase the effectiveness of development funding

Donors and development actors rely quite heavily on audit reports, despite their high cost and the disruption they cause. Yet it is questionable whether this reliance is justified as most...
Philip McMinn Mitchell (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:1)
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128
U4 Brief | 2019

An International Anti-Corruption Court? A synopsis of the debate

Impunity and the transnational nature of corruption have led to calls for an international anti-corruption court that could hold kleptocrats accountable and spur governments to improve national justice systems. But...
Matthew C. Stephenson, Sofie Arjon Schütte (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2019:5)
Report in External Series | 2019

The “CIA’s Army”: A Threat to Human Rights and an Obstacle to Peace in Afghanistan

Afghan paramilitary forces working with the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have long been a staple in the US war on terrorism in Afghanistan and the border region with...
Astri Suhrke and Antonio De Lauri (2019)
Providence: The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University (Costs of War) 14 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Crop market participation among smallholder farmers in Tanzania

This paper assesses determinants of crop market participation among smallholder farmers in Tanzania, with a focus on transaction cost, asset endowment and cooperatives. The study is based on household survey...
Sosina Bezu and Espen Villanger (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2010:1)
Journal Article | 2019

Active private sector development policies revisited: Impacts of the Ethiopian industrial cluster policy

We analyze impacts of a cluster policy aiming to increase firm growth through maximizing agglomeration benefits and improving production facilities. Firms located in a natural cluster were incentivized to move...
Tigabu Getahun and Espen Villanger (2019)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 55 no. 7 pp. 1548-1564
Book Chapter | 2019

Peace Agreements

Peace agreements are the codification of the terms of settlement between some or all conflict parties for the purpose of ending conflict between them. Between 1990 and 2018, over 1700...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Scott Romaniuk, Manish Thapa, Péter Marton: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies. Cham: Palgrave MacMillan
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Bankranet i Mosambik

Mosambiks president Filipe Nyusi er i disse dager på offisielt besøk til Norge. Det er grunn til å bruke dette besøket til å rette søkelyset mot bekymringsfulle politiske og økonomiske...
Aslak Jangård Orre,Helge Rønning (2018)
afrika.no 15.11.2018
Report in External Series | 2018

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Like governments in many other African countries, the Government of Tanzania has been striving to improve the effectiveness of its value added tax (VAT) regime by reducing tax evasion through...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Vincent Somville (2018)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) (ICTD Working Paper no. 83) 28 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Delivery strategies for malaria chemoprevention with monthly dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for the post-discharge management of severe anaemia in children aged less than 5 years old in Malawi: a protocol for a cluster randomized trial

Background Children initially hospitalized with severe anaemia in Africa are at high risk of readmission or death within 6 months after discharge. No intervention strategy specifically protects children during the...
Thandile Gondwe, Bjarne Robberstad, Mavuto Mukaka, Siri Lange, Bjørn Blomberg, Kamija S. Phiri (2018)
in BMC Pediatrics vol. 18:238 pp. 1-8
Report in External Series | 2018

Regulatory Burdens in Tax Administration and Firms’ Compliance Costs in Africa

This paper examines the effect of regulatory burdens related to tax administration on firms' compliance costs in Africa. Using cross-country firm-level data, the results show that regulatory burdens related to...
Merima Ali (2018)
ICTD
CMI Report | 2018

Has recent political unrest affected garment exports from Bangladesh?

According to the World Bank, political unrest in Bangladesh in the first part of 2015 resulted in a loss of 1% of GDP.[1] A previous study by UNDP (2005) estimated...
Arne Wiig (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:02) 21 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Alternatives to local content

This paper discusses whether and to what extent resource-rich developing countries should introduce local content policies, i.e. requirements to include local inputs in petroleum extraction activities of multinational corporations. We...
Ivar Kolstad and Abel Kinyondo (2017)
in Oxford Development Studies
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
U4 Brief | 2017

Has the EITI been successful? Reviewing evaluations of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

Has the EITI been successful? Many efforts have been devoted to improving resource governance through the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. A review of 50 evaluations concludes that the EITI has...
Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad, Philippe Le Billon (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:5) 6 p
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Usufructuary Mortgages as a Source of Funds in Need: Some Theory and an Empirical Investigation

This paper develops a theoretical framework in which the borrower, who mortgages out, and the lender, who mortgages in, a parcel of land reach their decisions when credit and land...
Magnus Hatlebakk, Clive Bell (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:6) 45 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Trading in corruption: Evidence and mitigation measures for corruption in the trading of oil and minerals

Between 2011 and 2013, sales of government oil from the ten biggest producers in sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 56% of these countries’ total public revenues. Despite their importance, however, such...
Olivier Longchamp, Nathalie Perrot (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:6) 52 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Covering ebola: A comparative analysis of CCTV Africa’s Talk Africa and Al Jazeera English’s Inside Story

This article presents a comparative analysis of how Chinese Central Television (CCTV) Africa and Al Jazeera English’s current affairs talk shows, both in English, have covered the 2014-2015 West Africa...
Shubo Li (2017)
in Journal of African Cultural Studies vol. 29 no. 1 pp. 114-130