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Book Chapter | Jan 2019

The plain drone, the armed drone and human security

The plain drone and the armed drone differ greatly in their impact on human security. The plain drone is essentially neutral; its impact depends on the nature and purpose of...
Astri Suhrke (2019)
in Handbook of Intervention and Statebuilding. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd
Journal Article | 2018

"Flooding our eyes with rubbish": urban waste management in Maputo, Mozambique

Critical voices on urban management tend to portray conflicting governmentalities, with western 'top-down' municipal development models on the one hand, and the everyday practices and diffuse forms of power of...
Inge Tvedten and Sara Candiracci (2018)
in Environment and Urbanization pp. 1-16
U4 Issue | 2018

Exploring the role of digital civil society portals in improving Right to Information regimes

Over the past two decades, advances in information and communication technology (ICT) have transformed the way people access and interact with the information that governments produce and hold. The development...
Silvana Fumega, Fabrizio Scrollini (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:1)
CMI Brief | 2017

Crisis at South Africa’s universities – what are the implications for future cooperation with Norway?

South Africa’s universities have witnessed unprecedented student revolts over the past two years. It began as protests against a rise in tuition fees and calls for removals of symbols of...
Elling N. Tjønneland (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 3) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2016

Specialised anti-corruption courts: Uganda

The Uganda High Court has an Anti-Corruption Division (ACD) with original jurisdiction over all corruption and related cases. The main rationale for its establishment was the speedier resolution of corruption...
Sofie Arjon Schütte (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2016:5) 5 p
Report in External Series | 2016

A transparent and accountable judiciary to deliver justice for all

A transparent and accountable judiciary to deliver justice for all » U4 Corruption is hampering the delivery of justice globally. People perceive the judiciary as the second most corrupt public service,...
Sofie Arjon Schütte, Paavani Reddy, Liviana Zorzi (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute
CMI Brief | 2016

The uneven playing field and the 2016 elections in Uganda

It is easy to document that the 2016 elections in Uganda were unfair. To combat the uneven playing field one needs to systematically assess the symptoms and identify the structural...
Svein-Erik Helle (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 7) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Mapping anti-corruption tools in the judicial sector

This U4 study investigates whether and how the judicial sector could benefit from anti-corruption measures that have proved useful in other sectors in improving the quality of the services they...
Sofie Arjon Schütte, Victoria Jennett, Philipp Jahn (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:3) 40 p
Journal Article | 2016

Effectiveness of a girls’ empowerment programme on early childbearing, marriage and school dropout among adolescent girls in rural Zambia: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial

Background: Adolescent pregnancies pose a risk to the young mothers and their babies. In Zambia, 35% of young girls in rural areas have given birth by the age of 18...
Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Mweetwa Mudenda, Joseph Zulu, Ecloss Munsaka, Astrid Blystad, Mpundu Makasa, Ottar Mæstad, Bertil Tungodden, Choolwe Jakobs, Linda Milimo Kampata, Knut Fylkesnes, Joar Svanemyr, Karen Marie Moland, Richard Banda, Patrick Musonda (2016)
in Trials vol. 17 no. 588 15 p.
Journal Article | 2015

Effect of Paying for Performance on Utilisation, Quality, and User Costs of Health Services in Tanzania: A Controlled Before and After Study

Despite widespread implementation across Africa, there is limited evidence of the effect of payment for performance (P4P) schemes in low income countries on the coverage of quality services and affordability, consistent with...
Peter Binyaruka, Edith Patouillard, Timothy Powell-Jackson, Giulia Greco, Ottar Mæstad, Josephine Borghi (2015)
in PlosONE vol. 10 no. 8
Journal Article | 2015

Scaling up of Life Skills Based Education in Pakistan: a case study

Young people between the ages of 10 and 19 make up 23% of Pakistan’s population. In Pakistan, young people face many challenges in terms of sexual and reproductive health (SRH)...
Joar Svanemyr, Qadeer Baig & Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli (2015)
in Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning vol. 15 no. 3 pp. 503-519
U4 Brief | 2015

Dying for information: Right to information and whistleblower protection in India

India's Right to Information Act is one of the most powerful in the world, but the increasing attacks on users of the law suggest a need for further measures. The...
Dr. Suchi Pande (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2015:3) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2014

Corruption risks and experiences in REDD+ financial benefit sharing mechanisms

The success of REDD+ hinges on providing forest users with positive monetary and nonmonetary incentives or benefits that both motivate behavioral change regarding forest use and help offset the various...
Kendra Dupuy (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2014:11) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2013

A Human Rights Based Approach to Participation in Health Reform: Experiences from the Implementation of Constitutional Court Orders in Colombia

This paper analyses how participation was understood and put in place by the bodies in charge of implementing the Colombian Constitutional Court’s Decision T-760/2008, which ordered extensive reforms of the...
Camila Gianella (2013)
in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 31 no. 1 pp. 84-107
U4 Issue | 2012

Theories of change in anti-corruption work: A tool for programme design and evaluation

Governments and donor agencies are under increasing pressure to show hard evidence that their interventions are effective and good value for money. Anti-corruption is a challenging field in this regard,...
Jesper Johnsøn (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2012:6) 46 p.
Journal Article | 2012

Informal payments and health worker effort: A quantitative study from Tanzania

Informal payments—payments made from patients to health personnel in excess of official fees—are widespread in low-income countries. It is not obvious how such payments affect health worker effort. On the...
Ida Lindkvist (2012)
in Health Economics
CMI Working Paper | 2012

Local government revenue mobilisation in Anglophone Africa

This paper examines opportunities and constraints facing local revenue mobilization in Anglophone Africa with an emphasis on urban settings. Specific revenue instruments and their effects on economic efficiency, income distribution...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Kari Heggstad (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:6) 38 p.
Report in External Series | 2012

Local government revenue mobilization in Anglophone Africa

This paper examines opportunities and constraints facing local revenue mobilisation in anglophone Africa, with an emphasis on urban settings. It discusses specific revenue instruments and their effects on economic efficiency,...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Kari Heggstad (2012)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development at IDS (ICTD Working Paper no. ICTD WP 7) 30 p.
CMI Report | 2011

Health services in Angola. Availability, quality and utilisation

This report discusses the availability and quality of health services in two provinces of Angola (Luanda and Uíge) and reports how households perceive the level of quality and utilise the...
Mona Frøystad, Ottar Mæstad, Nohra Villamil (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2011:9) 62 p.
Angola Brief | 2011

Why collect local taxes in oil rich Angola? ... and the challenges of doing so

An effective tax system is required to implement and finance current government policies of diversifying the Angolan economy and providing quality public services to citizens across the country. Extending the...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Jangård Orre (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Angola Brief vol. 1 no. 13) 4 p.