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CMI Brief | Feb 2019

Cursed before production?

Big discoveries of high value natural resources can have negative economic, political, and social effects long before full production of a resource begins. While Tanzania has already experienced some tensions...
Kendra Dupuy, Lucas Katera (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:01) 4 p.
Report in External Series | Feb 2019

Corruption and Wildlife Crime: A Focus on Caviar Trade

Produced by TRAFFIC, WWF, U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre (U4 ACRC), Northumbria and Utrecht Universities, "Corruption and wildlife crime: A focus on caviar trade" examines how corruption facilitates the flow of...
Louisa Musing, Lindsey Harris, Aled Williams, Rob Parry-Jones, Daan van Uhm, Tanya Wyatt (2019)
Cambridge: TRAFFIC
Journal Article | Jan 2019

Public Anthropology in Changing Times

Public anthropology is a collective aspiration shaped by generally shared values and intentions within significant sections of social and cultural anthropology. The impetus behind the creation of the journal Public...
Robert Borofsky and Antonio De Lauri (2019)
in Public Anthropologist vol. 1 no. 1
Report in External Series | 2018

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Like governments in many other African countries, the Government of Tanzania has been striving to improve the effectiveness of its value added tax (VAT) regime by reducing tax evasion through...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Vincent Somville (2018)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) (ICTD Working Paper no. 83) 28 p.
Commissioned Report | 2018

Midterm Evaluation of NPA-Cambodia Office's Development Programme

This report presents the findings, conclusion and recommendations of a mid-term evaluation of Norwegian People's Aid's (NPA) development programme in Cambodia. The programme support local partners in their efforts to...
Elling N Tjønneland, Pou Sovann (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Unpublished report) pp. 1-44 (Coimmissioned report with limited circulation)
CMI Report | 2018

Can Smallholders benefit from the new market opportunities from the extractive industry in Tanzania?

The recent discovery of huge oil and gas reserves in Tanzania has created a new opportunity for economic growth and development of the country. Tanzania is expected to be one...
Sosina Bezu, Espen Villanger, Abel Alfred Kinyondo (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:8) 38 p.
Journal Article | 2018

"It's all about money": Urban-rural spaces and relations in Maputo, Mozambique

Within the anthropological urban scholarship on sub-Saharan Africa, there is a shared notion of the continued, and in some cases reemerging, importance of rural spaces, values and relations in cities...
Inge Tvedten (2018)
in Canadian Journal of African Studies
CMI Report | 2018

Life skills in non-formal contexts for adolescent girls in developing countries

Executive summary How can young women in developing countries best be prepared for success in their lives and livelihoods? Life preparation requires learning different types of knowledge and skills in formal,...
Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen, Sandra Halvorsen, Christina Kwauk (Brookings Institution), Amanda Braga (Brookings Institution), Helyn Kim (Brookings Institution) (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:5) 115 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Do donors reduce bilateral aid to countries with restrictive NGO laws?: A panel study, 1993-2012

Foreign aid contributes to about 10% of gross domestic product of developing countries. To distribute aid in recipient countries, Western donors increasingly rely on non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Yet, since the...
Kendra Dupuy & Aseem Prakash (2018)
in Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly vol. 47 no. 1 pp. 89-106
Report in External Series | 2018

Evaluation of the Norwegian Aid Administration’s Practice of Results-Based Management

The purpose of this evaluation has been to improve the aid administration’s current practice of results-based management by documenting how this is currently done and by identifying areas of improvement.  Key findings are: - Despite the...
Paul Balogun, Rob Lloyd, Espen Villanger and Mary Lagaay (2018)
Oslo: Norad no. 4/2018 79 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Petroleum populism: How new resource endowments shape voter choices

High-value natural resources can be a political “curse” when political elites use resource revenues to maintain power, subvert democratic rule, and distribute public goods to their supporters. New resource discoveries...
Andreas Stølan, Benjamin Engebretsen, Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Vincent Somville, Cornel Jahari, Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 11) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

What causes Latin America’s high incidence of adolescent pregnancy?

Latin America is the only region in the world where adolescent pregnancies are not decreasing. According to a recent article in the Lancet, if the current trend continues, Latin American...
Camila Gianella, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado, Angelica Peñas Defago (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 9) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
Edited Book | 2017

Civil-military relations in Lebanon: Conflict, cohesion and confessionalism in a divided society

First book to examine civil-military relations in post-Arab Spring Lebanon This volume examines Lebanon’s post-2011 security dilemmas and the tenuous civil-military relations. The Syrian civil war has strained the Lebanese Armed...
Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade (2017)
Palgrave Macmillan 155 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Shadow Value Chains: Tracing the link between corruption, illicit activity and lootable natural resources from West Africa

Illicit natural resource trade continues to benefit corrupt officials, criminal and terrorist networks and to divert resources away from development, security and the common good in West Africa. How are...
Åse Gilje Østensen, Mats Stridsman (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:7) 80 p.
U4 Brief | 2017

The global participation backlash: Implications for natural resource initiatives

Civil society organizations can help to ensure good governance over natural resources as members of global multi-stakeholder initiatives like the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Yet a good number of resource-rich...
Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:4) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Trading in corruption: Evidence and mitigation measures for corruption in the trading of oil and minerals

Between 2011 and 2013, sales of government oil from the ten biggest producers in sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 56% of these countries’ total public revenues. Despite their importance, however, such...
Olivier Longchamp, Nathalie Perrot (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:6) 52 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Country Evaluation Brief: Somalia

Somalia is one of the world’s poorest countries having suffered from decades of acute political fragility, instability, violent conflict and lack of development. It is also ranked as the most...
Marcus Manuel, Raphaelle Faure, Dina Mansour-Ille (2017)
Oslo: Norad (Norad Country Evaluation Briefs no. 3/2017) 36 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Legal limits to tribal governance: coal mining in Meghalaya, India

Land in Meghalaya, India, was traditionally agricultural land, owned by the community. With increasing privatization and rising commercial value of land for non-agricultural use, many owners have sold the land...
Hugo Stokke (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 2) 4 p.