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Journal Article | forthcoming 2021

Legal Mobilization to Protect Women against Rape in Islamist Sudan

A popular uprising recently ousted Omar al-Bashir and his Islamist cronies from power after having ruled Sudan with an iron fist since 1989. Sexual abuse and torture orchestrated by the...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2021)
in Cahiers d'études africaines
Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

Too big to fault? Effects of the 2010 Nobel Peace Prize on Norwegian exports to China and foreign policy

In October 2010, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel peace prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo. The Chinese government responded by freezing political and economic relations with Norway, introducing...
Ivar Kolstad (2020)
in International Political Science Review vol. 41 no. 2 pp. 207-223
Journal Article | forthcoming 2020

European colonization and the corruption of local elites: the case of chiefs in Africa

The association between British colonial rule and lower levels of corruption is often emphasized in legal origins literature (La Porta et al., 2008). However, given the historical context of Africa, we hypothesize...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Abdulaziz Shifa (2020)
in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization vol. 179
Book Chapter | Sep 2020

Corruption in customs: How can it be tackled?

This chapter examines recent experiences in combating corruption in customs administration in developing countries. There is no lack of measures, norms, standards or ‘best practices’ to address corruption. Although development...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Ernani Checcucci Filho and Gaël Raballand (2020)
in World Bank (2020): Enhancing Government Effectiveness and Transparency: The Fight Against Corruption. Washington D.C.
Report in External Series | Sep 2020

Interim Governance Arrangements in Post-Conflict and Fragile Settings

This report provides an understanding of how temporary governance during major political transitions is structured and how it works in practice. Interim governance arrangements are the exercise of public power...
Robert Forster (2020)
Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (Edinburgh Dialogues on Post-Conflict Constitution Building) 45 p.
U4 Issue | Aug 2020

A Theory of Change for the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Designing resource governance pathways to improve developmental outcomes

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative is a major international effort to disclose information about extractive activities. Having an explicit Theory of Change could help it to improve natural resource governance...
Philippe Le Billon, Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:11)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Aug 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 9. The UK’s changing anti-corruption landscape – new energy, new horizons

Between 2013 and 2018, the UK made unusually rapid progress in improving instruments to address corruption. These advances included legal reforms, such as establishing beneficial ownership registers, Deferred Prosecution Agreements,...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:9)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Aug 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions

The last 20 years has seen a solid international architecture established to fight corruption. However, the pace of progress has slowed in recent years. Two critical problems are that the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:10)
CMI Brief | Jul 2020

Excluding women: the clanization of Somali political institutions

Hawa Jibril, a poetess and a long-time activist for Somali women’s rights, identified male elders as a barrier to women’s inclusion in the politics and governance of their society. In...
Ladan Affi (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2020:9) 4 p.
Sudan Brief | Jul 2020

Patriarchy, Politics and Women’s Activism in Post-Revolution Sudan

While Sudanese women were at the forefront of the popular uprising under the banner "freedom, peace and justice" that started in December 2018 and eventually led to the ousting of...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia al-Nagar (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2010:02) 4 p.
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Jul 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 8. Working with other parts of government … when they don’t want to work with you

Within two years of starting its anti-corruption drive, the UK Department for International Development had secured a number of successes. This was despite having to work with other departments in...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:8)
Journal Article | Jun 2020

The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?

  Angola experienced an extraordinary oil boom between 2004 and 2014. During this period, oil revenue accounted for 80% of all government revenue. In 2011, the Government of Angola started implementing...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo (2020)
in The Extractive Industries and Society vol. 7
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Armed governance: the case of the CIA-supported Afghan militias

This article examines the genealogy and behavior of the CIA militias in Afghanistan against the backdrop of persistent armed governance whereby a plurality of actors competes over control and rule....
Antonio De Lauri, Astri Suhrke (2020)
in Small Wars and Insurgency
U4 Brief | May 2020

Anti-corruption in Covid-19 preparedness and response. Mainstreaming integrity into pandemic plans and policies

Government pandemic response plans and policies do not give enough attention to anti-corruption and governance. Plans need to involve anti-corruption agencies from the start, as well as identifying and assessing...
Monica Kirya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:8)
Book Chapter | Mar 2020

Constituting Transitions: Predicting Unpredictability

This chapter examines how transitional governance arrangements are constituted in peace and transitions processes. We map and analyse the relationship between the legal ‘constitutionalisation’ of the transition, and the political...
Christine Bell, Robert Forster (2020)
in Emmanuel H. D. De Groof, Micha Wiebusch: International Law and Transitional Governance Critical Perspectives. London: Routledge
U4 Issue | Mar 2020

Incubating change-makers. Youth-driven innovative approaches to accountability in Nepal

Through their innovative ideas, an empowered youth have the potential to hold governments accountable and work towards the reduction of corruption. Incubator-type programmes can turn these ideas into solutions for...
Jenny Bentley, Saul Mullard (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:5)
U4 Issue | Mar 2020

Urbanisation, informality, and corruption. Designing policies for integrity in the city

The world is rapidly urbanising, and urban informality is a central feature of our times. Conventional thinking views informality as corrosive to clean government, but new scholarship illuminates the complex...
Dieter Zinnbauer (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:6)
CMI Working Paper | Feb 2020

A place-based framework for assessing resettlement capacity in the context of climate change induced displacement

Place-based resettlement capacity assessments to identify potential resettlement places for climate migrants are needed to guide climate change related resettlement programs. The authors propose and validate a conceptual climate change...
Solomon Zena Walelign, Päivi Lujala (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2020:3) 46 p.
U4 Issue | Feb 2020

Using legal empowerment to curb corruption and advance accountability

Legal empowerment refers to the use of laws and rights to increase relatively powerless populations’ control over their lives. A growing field, it overlaps with social accountability but emphasises laws...
Stephen Golub (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:4)
U4 Brief | Feb 2020

Improving audits to increase the effectiveness of development funding

Donors and development actors rely quite heavily on audit reports, despite their high cost and the disruption they cause. Yet it is questionable whether this reliance is justified as most...
Philip McMinn Mitchell (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:1)