Looking for a
CMI publication?

1 - 20 of 727 publications:

Journal Article | forthcoming 2021

Citizens’ preferences for taxation of internationally mobile corporations: Evidence from Tanzania

The legitimacy of the tax system is likely to be compromised in the absence of public support. This article presents evidence from a discrete choice experiment designed to elicit the...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig & Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2021)
in Review of Development Economics
Journal Article | forthcoming 2021

Legal Mobilization to Protect Women against Rape in Islamist Sudan

A popular uprising recently ousted Omar al-Bashir and his Islamist cronies from power after having ruled Sudan with an iron fist since 1989. Sexual abuse and torture orchestrated by the...
Liv Tønnessen and Samia al-Nagar (2021)
in Cahiers d'études africaines
Journal Article | Nov 2020

European colonization and the corruption of local elites: the case of chiefs in Africa

The association between British colonial rule and lower levels of corruption is often emphasized in legal origins literature (La Porta et al., 2008). However, given the historical context of Africa, we hypothesize...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Abdulaziz Shifa (2020)
in Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization vol. 179
Book Chapter | Sep 2020

Corruption in customs: How can it be tackled?

This chapter examines recent experiences in combating corruption in customs administration in developing countries. There is no lack of measures, norms, standards or ‘best practices’ to address corruption. Although development...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Ernani Checcucci Filho and Gaël Raballand (2020)
in World Bank (2020): Enhancing Government Effectiveness and Transparency: The Fight Against Corruption. Washington D.C.
Report in External Series | Sep 2020

Interim Governance Arrangements in Post-Conflict and Fragile Settings

This report provides an understanding of how temporary governance during major political transitions is structured and how it works in practice. Interim governance arrangements are the exercise of public power...
Robert Forster (2020)
Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (Edinburgh Dialogues on Post-Conflict Constitution Building) 45 p.
Book | Sep 2020

Fishers, Monks and Cadres: Navigating State, Religion and the South China Sea in Central Vietnam, co-published by NIAS Press and the University of Hawai'i Press (Paperback February 2021)

This remarkable and timely ethnography explores how fishing communities living on the fringe of the South China Sea in central Vietnam interact with state and religious authorities as well as...
Edyta Roszko (2020)
NIAS Press and the University of Hawai'i Press
Journal Article | Aug 2020

Legal Reform or Erasure of History? The Politics of Moral Crimes in Afghanistan

Aziz Hakimi, Masooma Sa'adat (2020)
in Central Asian Survey
U4 Issue | Aug 2020

A Theory of Change for the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Designing resource governance pathways to improve developmental outcomes

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative is a major international effort to disclose information about extractive activities. Having an explicit Theory of Change could help it to improve natural resource governance...
Philippe Le Billon, Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:11)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Aug 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 9. The UK’s changing anti-corruption landscape – new energy, new horizons

Between 2013 and 2018, the UK made unusually rapid progress in improving instruments to address corruption. These advances included legal reforms, such as establishing beneficial ownership registers, Deferred Prosecution Agreements,...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:9)
U4 Practitioner Experience Note | Aug 2020

Twenty years with anti-corruption. Part 10. Keeping the vision alive: new methods, new ambitions

The last 20 years has seen a solid international architecture established to fight corruption. However, the pace of progress has slowed in recent years. Two critical problems are that the...
Phil Mason OBE (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practitioner Experience Note 2020:10)
Sudan Brief | Jul 2020

COVID-19 and the urgent need to protect Sudanese women against violence

Three decades of Islamist rule institutionalized a culture of violence against women in Sudan. The COVID-19 pandemic and state instructed lockdown has led to an acute situation for many Sudanese...
Samia al-Nagar, Liv Tønnessen (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2020:5) 4 p.
U4 Brief | Jul 2020

Emergency release of people from prison because of Covid-19. A brief analysis through an anti-corruption lens

Many countries are implementing emergency releases of people from prison to mitigate the spread of Covid-19. Such measures, while critical to public health, can enable the unjust release from prison...
Victoria Jennett (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2020:11)
CMI Report | Jun 2020

Literature Review: Democracy and Human Rights in contemporary Latin America (2015-2020) Trends, challenges, and prospects

Abstract Through a review of scholarly and other well-informed articles as well as media reports, this CMI Report aims to summarize discussions on challenges for democracy and human rights in Latin...
Vegard Bye, Dr.philos, CMI Affiliated Researcher, Senior Partner Scanteam Peder Østebø, M.A., Graduate Research Fellow, NUPI (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2020:01)
Journal Article | Jun 2020

The non-oil tax reform in Angola: Escaping from petroleum dependency?

  Angola experienced an extraordinary oil boom between 2004 and 2014. During this period, oil revenue accounted for 80% of all government revenue. In 2011, the Government of Angola started implementing...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Aslak Orre and Francisco Paulo (2020)
in The Extractive Industries and Society vol. 7
Journal Article | Jun 2020

Does an economics education produce technocratic paternalists? Experimental evidence from Tanzania

When confronted with information that ordinary citizens do not care that strongly about efficiency, do economists change their views of optimal public policy? In a randomized experiment on tax preferences...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2020)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 56
U4 Issue | Jun 2020

Health sector corruption. Practical recommendations for donors

Corruption in the health sector can make the difference between life and death. It has severe consequences for access, quality, equity, efficiency, and efficacy of health services and is an...
Karen Hussmann (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:10)
U4 Issue | May 2020

Values education for public integrity. What works and what doesn’t

Schools and universities in various countries are teaching youth about integrity norms and values. Despite limited evidence on effectiveness, some good practices and lessons learned have emerged. Development partners, multilateral...
Carissa Munro, Monica Kirya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2020:8)
Sudan Brief | Mar 2020

Irregular Migration or Human Trafficking? The Realities of Cross-border Population Mobility in Western Sudan

A new public discourse labels irregular migration as human trafficking. The new discourse has been shaped by emerging globalized migration patterns and the increased securitization of Europe’s borders.  This brief...
Abdelmageed M. Yahya (2020)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2020:1) 4 p.
Journal Article | Jan 2020

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Value Added Tax (VAT) has emerged as one of the main modes of raising tax revenue worldwide, but has significantly underperformed as a revenue source in African countries. To improve...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Vincent Somville (2020)
in World Development vol. 128