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Journal Article | Jan 2020

Income Guarantees and Borrowing in Risky Environments: Evidence from India's Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

This paper investigates the effects of an income guarantee on borrowing in a risky setting with marked seasonality. A three‐season, infinite‐horizon model is developed, in which the aims of smoothing...
Clive Bell and Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay (2020)
in Economica. Early view
Report in External Series | 2019

Building accountable resource governance institutions

Formal institutions are central actors in natural resource governance decisions and a key arena in which policies, laws and regulations ranging from forest concessions to trade in wildlife products are...
David Aled Williams (2019)
Washington D.C.: Targeting Natural Resource Corruption Consortium (TNRC Introductory Overview)
Journal Article | 2019

The right to abortion in Tunisia after the revolution of 2011: Legal, medical and social arrangements seen through seven abortion stories

In this article, we explore the effects that Tunisia’s post-revolutionary democratization process has had on the right to abortion, drawing on ethnographic material, interviews, and medical files that we collected...
Irene Maffi and Malika Affes (2019)
in Health and Human Rights Journal
Journal Article | 2019

Gender parity and the symbolic representation of women in Senegal

Following the adoption of the Senegalese Law on Parity and the subsequent influx of women to the National Assembly, we saw a strong gendered polarisation of attitudes towards women as...
Marianne Tøraasen (2019)
in The Journal of Modern African Studies
Edited Book | 2019

Governing Petroleum Resources: Prospects and Challenges for Tanzania

Over the last decade, large deposits of natural gas have been discovered off the southern coast of Tanzania. This book analyzes the long-term process of how a country develops the...
Edited by Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari and Kendra Dupuy (2019)
Bergen: CMI and REPOA 186 p.
Edited Book | 2019

Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation

Analysing political corruption as a distinct but separate entity from bureaucratic corruption, this timely book separates these two very different social phenomena in a way that is often overlooked in...
Inge Amundsen (ed.) (2019)
Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd. c 200 p.
Book Chapter | 2019

Ceasefires

A review of the practice and content of ceasefire agreements and provisions in peace agreements. The article include a discussion on the definition of ‘ceasefire’ and related terms, such as...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Romaniuk, S., Thapa M., and P. Marton: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies. Cham: Palgrave MacMillan
Sudan Brief | 2019

The paradox of federalism and decentralisation in South Sudan: An instrument and an obstacle for peace

A power sharing agreement and the inauguration of a new government in South Sudan has been put to a halt. Disagreement on the number of states and local self-government, security...
Lovise Aalen (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Brief 2019:01) 5 p.
CMI Brief | 2019

Turkey’s Humanitarian Diplomacy: The AKP Model

Turkey has become a major global humanitarian actor. They have been widely engaged in Somalia and Syria, Pakistan and Myanmar and hosts the world’s largest number of refugees with more...
Meliha Benli Altunısık (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2019:08) 5 p.
Report in External Series | 2019

A Gender Analysis of Peace Agreements and Transitional Documents in Libya, 2011-2018

This Spotlight addresses the questions: How did peace agreements and transition documents signed in Libya between 2011 and 2018 provide for the inclusion of women and gender? When and how...
Robert Forster (2019)
Forster, R. (2019). A Gender Analysis of Peace Agreements and Transitional Documents in Libya, 2011-2018 (PA-X Report, Spotlight Series). Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh
Report in External Series | 2019

The “CIA’s Army”: A Threat to Human Rights and an Obstacle to Peace in Afghanistan

Afghan paramilitary forces working with the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) have long been a staple in the US war on terrorism in Afghanistan and the border region with...
Suhrke Astri and Antonio De Lauri (2019)
Providence: The Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University (Costs of War) 14 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Family Law Reform, Employment, and Women’s Political Participation in Ethiopia

Research showing that there is strong correlation between increased female labor force participation and women’s political participation is essentially based on empirical data from Western, democratic, and developed contexts. In...
Lovise Aalen, Andreas Kotsadam, Espen Villanger (2019)
in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 189-192 vol. 26 no. 2 299-323 p.
U4 Issue | 2019

Comparing peer-based anti-corruption missions in Kosovo and Guatemala

International missions brought foreign experts to help local partners tackle corruption and organised crime in Kosovo and Guatemala. With unprecedented investigative powers, those efforts sought to disrupt criminal networks and...
Gabriel Kuris (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:6)
Book | 2019

Interaction between Health Institutions in Knowledge and Medical Practices in South Kordofan/Nuba Mountains

This research thesis addresses the challenges confronting the establishment of stable and sufficient health care provision in Heiban Locality in South Kordofan / Nuba Mountains in the aftermath (2002–2011) of...
Mariam Sharif (2019)
Bergen: Chr.Michelsen Institute
Journal Article | 2019

Twenty Years After Ottawa: ‘Unpacking’ Mine Action in Peace Agreements

Mine action is essential for long-term peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction. Using new data, this paper explores the nexus between mine action and peace processes, providing an analysis of trends in...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Journal of Peacebuilding and Development vol. 14 no. 2 pp. 150-163
Journal Article | 2019

A Triad of Confrontation: State Discipline, Buddhist Purification, and Indiscipline as a Local Strategy in Central Vietnam

In the village of Sa Huỳnh, state, fishers, and Buddhist clergy draw from semiotic ideologies but often employ a common political language, rarely agreeing on its meaning. Highlighting different structural...
Edyta Roszko (2019)
in Journal of Contemporary Ethnography vol. 48 no. 2 pp. 183-208
Impact Series | 2019

Changing the public narrative: The case of forced sterilizations in Peru

In a drive for lower birth rates during the mid-90’s, Peruvian authorities launched a campaign to persuade women to get sterilized. More than 200 000 women underwent the surgical procedure...
Åse Johanne Roti Dahl (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Impact Series IS 2019:01)
U4 Issue | 2019

Education sector corruption: How to assess it and ways to address it

Education sector corruption erodes social trust, worsens inequality, and sabotages development. Types of corruption in elementary-secondary education range from academic cheating to bribery and nepotism in teaching appointments to bid-rigging...
Monica Kirya (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:5)
Journal Article | 2019

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax administration in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2019)
in Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Does changing the narrative improve host community attitudes to climate migrants? Experimental evidence from Bangladesh

A number of studies suggest that our narratives about the situation of the poor and vulnerable affect how we view them and treat them. Theoretically, a potentially powerful way to...
Ivar Kolstad, Sosina Bezu, Päivi Lujala, Minhaj Mahmud, and Arne Wiig (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:3) 25 p.