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CMI Report | 2007

Budget, State and People. Budget Process, Civil Society and Transparency in Angola

This study discerns several deficiencies in the budget process in Angola. The government's budget proposal is not publicly debated, no pre-budget paper is prepared, comparisons between budgeted expenditure and actual...
Jan Isaksen, Inge Amundsen, Arne Wiig with Cesaltina Abreu (2007)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2007: 7) 87 p.
Journal Article | 2007

What's in a Figure? Estimating Recurrence of Civil War

It is often said that a country that has experienced civil war has nearly a 50 per cent risk of sliding back into war within five years. This has been...
Astri Suhrke and Ingrid Samset (2007)
in International Peacekeeping vol. 14 no. 2 pp. 195-203
Journal Article | 2006

Aid, Growth and Peace: A Comparative Analysis

This article disaggregates aid data to enrich our understanding of the patterns of postconflict aid. We find that the front-loading of aid after a peace agreement, detected by previous research,...
Astri Suhrke and Julia Buckmaster (2006)
in Conflict, Security and Development vol. 6 no. 3 October pp. 337-363
Journal Article | 2006

A Liberal Egalitarian Paradox

A liberal egalitarian theory of justice seeks to combine the values of equality, personal freedom, and personal responsibility. It is considered a much more promising position than strict egalitarianism, because...
Bertil Tungodden and Alexander Cappelen (2006)
in Economics and Philosophy vol. 22 no. 3 pp. 393-408
Journal Article | 2006

Relocating the Responsibility Cut: Should more Responsibility Imply Less Redistribution

Liberal egalitarian theories of justice argue that inequalities arising from non-responsibility factors should be eliminated, but that inequalities arising from responsibility factors should be accepted. This article discusses how the...
Bertil Tungodden and Alexander Cappelen (2006)
in Politics, Philosophy and Economics vol. 5 no. 3 pp. 353-362
Report in External Series | 2006

To Pay or not to Pay? Citizens' Views on Taxation by Local Authorities in Tanzania

Widespread tax evasion reflected in persistent public resistance to pay is seen as part of the problem of raising local government revenues in Tanzania. Dealing with the policy problem of...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2006)
Dar es Salaam: Mkuni Na Nyota Publishers (REPOA Special Paper no. 18) 36 p.
Commissioned Report | 2006

Mid-term Evaluation Report of the National Solidarity Programme (NSP), Afghanistan

Twenty-five years of conflict has left Afghanistan with a profound need for extensive intervention to address reconstruction and development requirements, particularly in rural areas, many of which were never reached...
Sultan Barakat (team leader) and Arne Strand ( team member) (2006)
York: Post-war Reconstruction & Development Unit (PRDU), UoYork
CMI Report | 2006

Bridging Research and Development Assistance. A Review of Danish Research Networks

Danida has provided financial support to research networks with a view to creating better synergies between research and policy/operations. Six networks were reviewed in the fields of health; poultry; agriculture;...
Arne Tostensen (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2006: 7) 28 p.
CMI Report | 2006

Review of Right to Play

Right to Play (former Olympic Aid), is an athlete-driven international humanitarian organisation which uses sport and play as a development tool for children and youth. The central delivery method is...
Siri Lange and Sigmund Haugsjå (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2006: 12) 67 p.
CMI Report | 2006

Evaluation of the UNDP/UNOPS Peacebuilding and Community Development Project in Ituri, the Democratic Republic of Congo

Building peace through community development was the key idea of the evaluated project in the war-torn Ituri district of the DRC from 2003 onwards. The planning of the project did...
Ingrid Samset and Yvon Madore (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2006: 20) 86 p.
CMI Report | 2006

Experience and Institutional Capacity for Poverty and Income Distribution Analysis in Angola

CMI was contracted to carry out this study on previous experience in and institutional capacity for poverty and income distribution analysis in Angola. The study aims at presenting an overview...
Jan Isaksen, Inge Tvedten, Pacheco Ilinga (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2006: 19) 65 p.
CMI Report | 2006

The Institutional Context of the 2004 General Elections in Malawi

This report summarises the findings of a joint research project undertaken by the Centre for Social Research, Chr. Michelsen Institute and the Universities of Malawi and Bergen. Ensuring that elected...
Siri Gloppen, Edge Kanyongolo, Nixon Khembo, Nandini Patel, Lise Rakner, Lars Svåsand, Arne Tostensen and Mette Bakken (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2006: 21) 38 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2006

Is Bonded Labor Voluntary? A Framework against Forced Work

UN estimate that 20 million are held in bonded labor. Several economic analyses assert that bonded laborers accept these contracts voluntarily, which could imply that a ban would make such...
Espen Villanger (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2006: 7) 18 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2006

Towards Multiparty System in Uganda: The Effect on Female Representation in Politics

Scholars, politicians and women activists today share a concern for the limited representation of women in different political bodies. Statistics comparing female representation in sub-Saharan African legislatures suggest that a...
Kari Nordstoga Hanssen (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2006: 9) 16 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2006

Is Bonded Labor Voluntary? Evidence from the Liberation of the Kamaiyas in the Far-Western Region of Nepal

The UN estimates that 20 million are held in bonded labor. Several economic analyses assert that bonded laborers accept these contracts voluntarily, which could imply that a ban would make...
Espen Villanger (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2006: 16) 25 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2006

Courts under Construction in Angola: What can They do for the poor?

This paper is about the role that may be envisioned for the courts in Angola with respect to the poor. Looking at the period from 1992 - 2004, it analyses...
Elin Skaar and José Octávio Serra Van-Dúnem (2006)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2006: 20)
Book Review | 2006

Structural Adjustment: the Policy Roots of Economic Crisis, Poverty and Inequality

Siegfried Pausewang (2006)
in Journal of Modern African Studies vol. 44 no. 2 pp. 344-345
Doctoral Thesis | 2006

Tax Evasion and Fiscal Corruption. Essays on Compliance and Tax Administrative Practices in East and South Africa

Tax evasion and corruption in the tax administration hit developing countries hard. The purpose of this thesis is to shed light on these phenomena in three African countries: South Africa,...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2006)
Bergen: Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration (NHH) 126 p.
Edited Book | 2006

Courts and Social Transformation in New Democracies. An Institutional Voice for the Poor?

Using case studies drawn from Latin America, Africa, India and Eastern Europe, this volue examines the role of courts as a channel for social transformation for excluded sectors of society...
Roberto Gargarella, Pilar Domingo and Theunis Roux, editors (2006)
Aldershot/Burlington: Ashgate 311 p.
Edited Book | 2005

Writing Rights: Human Rights Research at the Chr. Michelsen Institute 1984-2004

Human rights are currently an important area of research at the Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI), as they have been for the past 20 years. This anthology contains nine articles reflecting...
Ivar Kolstad and Hugo Stokke, eds. (2005)
Bergen: Fagbokforlaget 208 p.