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CMI Report | 2018

Life skills in non-formal contexts for adolescent girls in developing countries

Executive summary How can young women in developing countries best be prepared for success in their lives and livelihoods? Life preparation requires learning different types of knowledge and skills in formal,...
Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen, Sandra Halvorsen, Christina Kwauk (Brookings Institution), Amanda Braga (Brookings Institution), Helyn Kim (Brookings Institution) (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:5) 115 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Labour-Intensive Jobs for Women and Development: Intra-household Welfare Effects and Its Transmission Channels

We examine the welfare impacts of poor women getting low-skilled jobs and find large positive income, consumption and poverty effects at household and individual levels. However, the women workers, their...
Tigabu Getahun and Espen Villanger (2018)
in Journal of Development Studies vol. 54 no. 7 pp. 1232-1252
Book Chapter | 2018

Transitional Justice for Human Rights: The Legacy and Future of Truth and Reconciliation Commissions

Truth commissions are an integral component of transitional justice, that is, formal and informal mechanisms set up by the state or civil society to address human rights violations committed in...
Elin Skaar (2018)
in Gerd Oberleitner: International Human Rights Institutions, Tribunals, and Courts. International Human Rights. Singapore: Springer pp. 1-21
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
Journal Article | 2018

Decay or Resilience? The Long-Term Social Consequences of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence in Sierra Leone

This article examines the long-term impact of conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) on prosocial behavior in Sierra Leone. Two theoretical arguments are developed and tested. The first draws on the feminist...
Carlo Koos (2018)
in World Politics vol. 70 no. 2 pp. 194-238
Journal Article | 2018

Exploring the spatio-temporal processes of communal rangeland grabbing in Sudan

The persistent policy of successive Sudanese governments in favouring large-scale agricultural investments at the expense of traditional land use is creating material differences among significant groups of the population. A...
Hussein M. Sulieman (2018)
Springer Open: Research, Policy and Practice
Book Chapter | 2018

Democratic Revolutions? Insights on Social Stability and Social Change From Psychology and Politics

There is growing psychological evidence that various processes differently contribute to our propensity to support or challenge the status quo; to embrace change or to reject it. What is more,...
Siri Neset and Lucas B. Mazur (2018)
in Brady Wagoner, Ignacio Bresco de Luna, Vlad Glaveanu: The Road to Actualized Democracy: A Psychological Exploration. Charlotte: Information Age Publishing
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Understanding the resource curse: A large-scale experiment on corruption in Tanzania

Corruption appears to be an important driver of the resource curse in developing countries. We report from a large-scale field experiment in Tanzania that provides causal evidence on how expectations...
Alexander W. Cappelen, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Donald Mmari, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Bertil Tungodden (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:5) 61 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Understanding the lie of the land: an institutional analysis of petro-governance in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered large petroleum and natural gas reserves, boosting its natural resource stocks and potential future revenue flows. Whether the country’s petroleum resources will translate into economic development...
Kendra Dupuy and Bryan Lee (2018)
in Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law vol. 36 no. 1 pp. 85-101
U4 Brief | 2018

Corruption and migrant returns. Managing risk in assisted return programmes

To incentivise the return of rejected asylum-seekers and irregular migrants, most European states support Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration programmes. Corruption impacts these programmes? performance. However, corruption control measures can...
Erlend Paasche (2018)
Bergen: U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:1)
Book Chapter | 2017

With a little help from the banks

Africa is a source of large-scale capital flight. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on how banks facilitate capital flight from Africa. There is growing evidence that...
Kari Heggstad and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2017)
in Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Sigrid Klæboe Jacobsen, Peter Ringstad and Honest Prosper Ngowi : Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute pp. 90-92
CMI Brief | 2017

Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa

Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. Why does counter-mobilization arise in...
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 8) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2017

Legal Reform and Women’s Rights in Lebanese Personal Status Laws

This report documents and analyzes two recent major reforms in Lebanese law whose purpose is to further gender equality for women in Lebanon: (I) the alteration of the Sunni personal...
Dima Dabbous (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2017:3) 40 p.
U4 Brief | 2017

Has the EITI been successful? Reviewing evaluations of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

Has the EITI been successful? Many efforts have been devoted to improving resource governance through the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. A review of 50 evaluations concludes that the EITI has...
Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad, Philippe Le Billon (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:5) 6 p
U4 Issue | 2017

Corruption in community-driven development. A Kenyan case study with insights from Indonesia

Abstract Community-driven development is a widely employed development strategy for empowering people to choose their own development priorities, to select their own project leaders, and to monitor the implementation of their...
Jean Ensminger (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:9) 60 p
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Usufructuary Mortgages as a Source of Funds in Need: Some Theory and an Empirical Investigation

This paper develops a theoretical framework in which the borrower, who mortgages out, and the lender, who mortgages in, a parcel of land reach their decisions when credit and land...
Magnus Hatlebakk, Clive Bell (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:6) 45 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Country Evaluation Brief: Somalia

Somalia is one of the world’s poorest countries having suffered from decades of acute political fragility, instability, violent conflict and lack of development. It is also ranked as the most...
Marcus Manuel, Raphaelle Faure, Dina Mansour-Ille (2017)
Oslo: Norad (Norad Country Evaluation Briefs no. 3/2017) 36 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Tribal representation & local land governance in India: A case study from the Khasi Hills of Meghalaya

In India, the Schedule Tribes have remained on the fringes of growth, but less so in the majority tribal areas of the North East. This has increased the interest in...
Kavita Navlani Søreide (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:4) 26 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Usufructuary Mortgages as a Source of Funds in Need: Some Theory and an Empirical Investigation

The usufruct mortgage has received little attention from economists. This paper develops and analyzes a theoretical framework in which the borrower, who mortgages out, and the lender, who mortgages in,...
Clive Bell and Magnus Hatlebakk (2017)
University of Heidelberg. Department of Economics (Discussion Paper Series no. 631)
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Beneficial openness? Weighing the costs and benefits of financial transparency

Public financial transparency is increasingly advocated as a solution to concerns over legal tax planning by multinational corporations, and illegal tax evasion, fraud and money laundering. Caution is warranted since...
Maya Forstater (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:3) 36 p.