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Book Chapter | Jan 2019

The ‘Secret Loans Affair’ and Political Corruption in Mozambique

In 2016, the ‘secret loans affair’ sprung on to the Mozambican political scene with the discovery that three government-owned companies – controlled by the military intelligence – had borrowed around...
Adriano Nuvunga and Aslak Orre (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Book Chapter | Jan 2019

Citizenship, statelessness, and human rights protection in Sudan's constitutions and post South Sudan secession challenges

Sudan and South Sudan have suffered from repeated cycles of conflict and authoritarianism resulting in serious human rights and humanitarian law violations. Several efforts, such as the 2005 Comprehensive Peace...
Munzoul Assal (2019)
in Constitution-making and Human Rights in the Sudans (Lutz Oette, Mohamed Abdelsalam Babiker (eds.))
Journal Article | Jan 2019

Access to What? Legal Agency and Access to Justice for Indigenous Peoples in Latin America

In this paper I issue a call for a primary focus on expanding and strengthening alternative, community-based justice systems, as a strategy for securing the full benefits of legal agency...
Daniel M. Brinks (2019)
in The Journal of Development Studies vol. 55 no. 3 pp. 348-365
Journal Article | 2018

A Good Ally - Norway and International Statebuilding in Afghanistan, 2001-2014

The article examines the findings of the Commission of Inquiry established by the Norwegian government in 2014 to evaluate all aspects of Norway's civilian and military contribution to the international operation in...
Mats Berdal, Astri Suhrke (2018)
in Journal of Strategic Studies
Report in External Series | 2018

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Like governments in many other African countries, the Government of Tanzania has been striving to improve the effectiveness of its value added tax (VAT) regime by reducing tax evasion through...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Vincent Somville (2018)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) (ICTD Working Paper no. 83) 28 p.
U4 Brief | 2018

The Mozambique hidden loans case: An opportunity for donors to demonstrate anti-corruption commitment

When the Mozambican government issued guarantees for over 1 billion US$ - ignoring their own oversight mechanisms and lending rules - they ended up in public debt distress. Donors have...
David Aled Williams (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2018:6)
Impact Series | 2018

Reforming tax systems: The foot soldiers of tax

Inefficiency and corruption used to be a trademark of the tax systems in many African countries. CMI research has influenced the way governments and donors think about taxation and development,...
Åse Johanne Roti Dahl (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Impact Series IS 2018:01)
Journal Article | 2018

Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa

Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. To explore differences between states...
Ragnhild L. Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2018)
in Political Studies, first published online: December 1, 2017 vol. 66 no. 4 pp. 851-868
Report in External Series | 2018

Third independent review of the Indonesia-Norway cooperation on reducing greenhouse gas emissions from REDD+

The LoI process was always expected to be a complex and innovative exercise involving many stakeholders and relationships, with progress marked by slow, directional change over a long period. The...
Julian Caldecott, Avi Mahaningtyas, Brendan Howard, David Williams and Philippa Lincoln (2018)
Edinburgh: LTS International
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Ingen Trygg Havn i Kabul

Government plans to establish care centers in Kabul for unaccompanied minor asylum seekers run afoul of international obligations to ensure that relocation is both safe and reasonable for the persons...
Jessica Schultz and Terje Einarsen (2018)
Klassekampen 28.09.2018
Report in External Series | 2018

Russian Use of Private Military and Security Companies - the implications for European and Norwegian Security

How does the Russian use of private military and security companies affect Russian use of force and what are the implications for European and Norwegian security? Over the past couple of...
Åse Gilje Østensen and Tor Bukkvoll (2018)
Oslo (FFI-rapport no. 18/01300) 53 p.
CMI Insight | 2018

Property owners’ knowledge and attitudes towards property taxation in Tanzania

Property taxation (PT) is high on the political agenda in Tanzania and considered a cornerstone of the Government’s efforts to strengthen broad based direct taxation. Because it is visible to...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:01) 12 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Mujib dynasty retains control in Bangladesh

Across South Asia political dynasties are generally in decline. The Nehru-Gandhi dynasty of the Indian Congress Party and the Bhutto clan of the Pakistan People's Party are both deteriorating. But...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum (Canberra, Australia ) 10.08.2018
Journal Article | 2018

Religious Counter-Mobilization against Child Marriage Reform in Sudan

Each year, 15 million girls are married before the age of 18. Sudan is among the African countries with a high prevalence of child marriage. In Sudan, 10.7% of women...
Liv Tønnessen (2018)
in Siha Journal: Women in Islam
U4 Issue | 2018

Open data for transparency and accountability in health service delivery: What's new in the digital age?

Open data platforms have a great unexplored potential. Publicly available health data can make service delivery more transparent and accountable. Experience from Peru, Mexico and Uruguay show how civil society...
Fabrizio Scrollini (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:6)
Book | 2018

Taxing Africa: Coercion, Reform and Development

It has long been debated whether Africa's lack of growth is best explained by the continent's exploitation by the global system, or by internal failures of domestic political leadership, and...
Mick Moore, Wilson Prichard and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
London/New York: Zed Books (African Arguments Book Series,) 216 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

Family law reform in Sudan: A never ending story?

The family law in Sudan, legalises child marriage, stipulates a wife’s obedience to her husband, and gives the male guardian veto power on women’s consent to marriage. #JusticeforNoura has shone...
Samia al-Nagar and Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:08) 6 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Building a better world by establishing a Truth Commission: Incomplete healing in El Salvador

On 17 October 1992, as a consultant to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, I visited the village of Corinto to collect stories of ‘grave cases of violence’....
Stener Ekern (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:7) 19 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

When Do Donor Endorsements Help or Hurt? Policy Advocacy and Men's Interests in Malawi

Development organizations seek to improve support for gender reforms, especially among populations who might undermine implementation. Yet, little is known about how policy advocates shape citizens’ views. Using a framing...
Lindsay Benstead, Ragnhild Muriaas and Vibeke Wang (2018)
Gothenburg: The Program on Governance and Local Development, University of Gothenburg (GLD Working Paper no. 16) pp. 1-35
CMI Report | 2018

Evaluation of agreement between Norwegian Church Aid and Norad for financial support to Haydom Lutheran Hospital

Executive summary Haydom Lutheran Hospital (HLH) opened in 1955. HLH is owned by the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Tanzania (ELCT), Mbulu Synod, but for decades, HLH has relied primarily on financial...
Joar Svanemyr (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:9)