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21 - 40 of 284 publications:

Book Chapter | 2019

Peace Agreements

Peace agreements are the codification of the terms of settlement between some or all conflict parties for the purpose of ending conflict between them. Between 1990 and 2018, over 1700...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Scott Romaniuk, Manish Thapa, Péter Marton: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies. Cham: Palgrave MacMillan
Book Chapter | 2019

Introduction: Implementing Child Rights

The UN Convention for the Rights of the Child (CRC) has emerged as a central yardstick in assessing policies and practices concerning children. Norway has incorporated the convention in domestic...
Malcolm Langford, Marit Skivenes, Karl Harald Søvig and Tori Loven Kirkebø (2019)
in Malcolm Langford , Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.): Children's Rights in Norway An Implementation Paradox?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget pp. 15-41
Book Chapter | 2019

Policing

Policing is critical for children’s security but police are also responsible for preventing and addressing crime by children and younger persons. This can raise risks from a human rights perspective,...
Inger Aasgaard and Malcolm Langford (2019)
in Malcolm Langford , Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.): Children's Rights in Norway An Implementation Paradox?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget pp. 202-219
Book Chapter | 2019

Children’s Rights’ Indexes: Measuring Norway’s Performance

Global indexes are commonly used to measure a country’s performance, including on the implementation of human rights conventions. Such audit-like tools project neutrality and avoid the charges of anecdotal evidence....
Malcolm Langford and Tori Loven Kirkebø (2019)
in Malcolm Langford , Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.): Children's Rights in Norway An Implementation Paradox?. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget pp. 42-99
Edited Book | 2019

Children's Rights in Norway

Norway tops international indexes on children’s rights but continues to attract criticism for its level of compliance with the Convention of the Rights of Child. This book is the first...
Malcolm Langford, Marit Skivenes and Karl Harald Søvig (eds.) (2019)
Children's Rights in Norway: An Implementation Paradox?, Universitetsforlaget
Journal Article | 2019

Local power dynamics and petty corruption in Burundi

Based on five months’ field research in two districts of Burundi (Bukeye and Mabayi), this case study analyses tax collectors’ rationales and informal practices during their interactions with citizens. The...
Guillaume Nicaise (2019)
in Journal of Eastern African Studies vol. 13 no. 4 pp. 698-717
Journal Article | 2018

Maputo: Ethnography of a Divided City

Rapid urbanisation is one of the most dramatic developments on the African continent, often yielding contrasting and shocking images of affluent businesses and residential districts alongside sprawling shantytowns or slums....
Inge Tvedten, Fábio Ribeiro, João Graca, Bjørn Bertelsen (2018)
in Journal of Anthropological Films vol. 2 no. 2
U4 Issue | 2018

Improving coherence in the illicit financial flows agenda

The illicit financial flows (IFF) agenda has momentum, but weaknesses remain in its foundations, with the definition, measurement, and estimation of IFF, especially as these apply to country level studies....
Alex Erskine, Fredrik Eriksson (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:8)
Report in External Series | 2018

The Customer is King: Evidence on VAT Compliance in Tanzania

Like governments in many other African countries, the Government of Tanzania has been striving to improve the effectiveness of its value added tax (VAT) regime by reducing tax evasion through...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cecilia Kagoma, Ephraim Mdee, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen and Vincent Somville (2018)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development (ICTD) (ICTD Working Paper no. 83) 28 p.
Book Chapter | 2018

Globally designed accountability and local social inequality. A case study of two maternal deaths in Tanzania.

Siri Lange (2018)
in Håkon Fyhn, Harald Aspen, Anne Kathrine Larsen: Edges of Global Transformation: Ethnographies of Uncertainty. Lanham, Boulder, New York and London: Lexington Books pp. 133-152
Journal Article | 2018

Delivery strategies for malaria chemoprevention with monthly dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for the post-discharge management of severe anaemia in children aged less than 5 years old in Malawi: a protocol for a cluster randomized trial

Background Children initially hospitalized with severe anaemia in Africa are at high risk of readmission or death within 6 months after discharge. No intervention strategy specifically protects children during the...
Thandile Gondwe, Bjarne Robberstad, Mavuto Mukaka, Siri Lange, Bjørn Blomberg, Kamija S. Phiri (2018)
in BMC Pediatrics vol. 18:238 pp. 1-8
Journal Article | 2018

On the way to good health? Rural roads and morbidity in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates the effects of India's rural roads programme (PMGSY) on morbidity, using data on 279 households drawn from 30 villages in upland Orissa. The households were surveyed in...
Clive Bell and Susanne van Dillen (2018)
in Journal of Transport & Health vol. 10 no. September pp. 369-380
Journal Article | 2018

"Flooding our eyes with rubbish": urban waste management in Maputo, Mozambique

Critical voices on urban management tend to portray conflicting governmentalities, with western 'top-down' municipal development models on the one hand, and the everyday practices and diffuse forms of power of...
Inge Tvedten and Sara Candiracci (2018)
in Environment and Urbanization pp. 1-16
U4 Issue | 2018

Capacity building for the Nigerian Navy: Eyes wide shut on corruption?

Pervasive corruption in the Nigerian maritime security sector facilitates smuggling, piracy and oil theft. Building capacity while ignoring corruption risks making corruption and related crimes worse. The United States Africa...
Åse Gilje Østensen, Sheelagh Brady, Sofie Arjon Schütte (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:4)
CMI Report | 2018

The gendering of poverty and inequality in rural Malanje, Angola

This report is concerned with analyzing the gendered dimensions of rural poverty, based on qualitative and quantitative research in the rural municipality of Kalandula in the northeastern province of Malanje,...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen and Margaret Nangacovie (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:10) 42 p.
CMI Brief | 2018

Switches from quota- to non-quota seats: A comparative study of Tanzania and Uganda

Reserved-seat quotas have been used worldwide as a measure to get more women in parliament. However, they are meant to be temporary until women can compete with men for open...
Vibeke Wang and Mi Yung Yoon (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Urban poverty in Luanda, Angola

Angola’s capital Luanda is a city of stark inequalities and contrasts. While it offers opportunities and wealth for the few, people in the informal musseques are effectively trapped in poverty...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro, Eyolf Jul-Larsen, Mateus Agostinho (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:6) 70 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Kinship, Caste and Health: Illness and Treatment in Upland Orissa

This paper investigates whether an individual’s relationship to the head of household and caste are associated with the level of his or her morbidity and, in the event of illness,...
Clive Bell, Susanne van Dillen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:6) 35 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
Journal Article | 2018

Who benefits from increased service utilisation? Examining the distributional effects of payment for performance in Tanzania

Payment for performance (P4P) strategies, which provide financial incentives to health workers and/or facilities for reaching pre-defined performance targets, can improve healthcare utilisation and quality. P4P may also reduce inequalities...
Peter John Binyaruka, Bjarne Robberstad, Gaute Torsvik, Josephine Borghi (2018)
in International Journal for Equity in Health vol. 17:14 pp. 1-16