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Journal Article | 2015

Myopic preferences or subsistence income among rickshaw cyclists

The purpose of this paper is to investigate why poor people make decisions that at first sight appear irrational. The author stays within the realms of classical consumption theory, and...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2015)
in International Journal of Development Issues vol. 14 no. 3 pp. 204-214
Book Chapter | 2015

When the terrain does not fit the map: Local government taxation in Africa

Fiscal decentralisation – the devolution of revenue mobilisation and spending powers to lower levels of government – has become a main theme of governance over the past two decades. A...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2015)
in Anne Mette Kjær, Lars Engberg Pedersen and Lars Buur: Perspectives on politics, production and public administration in Africa. Essays in honour of Ole Therkildsen. . Copenhagen: Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) pp. 147-158
Journal Article | 2015

Entrepreneurial abilities and barriers to microenterprise growth: A case study in Nepal

Studies of microbusiness in poor countries find high marginal returns to capital but also lack of investments. This paper analyses how segmentation in the capital and labour markets can act...
Espen Villanger (2015)
in Journal of Entrepreneurship vol. 24 no. 2
Report in External Series | 2015

Information Technology and Fiscal Capacity in a Developing Country: Evidence from Ethiopia

Governments in developing countries are typically constrained by a limited fiscal capacity to finance the provision of essential public goods – a constraint that has been cited as one of...
Merima Ali, Abdulaziz Shifa, Abebe Shimeles and Firew Woldeyes (2015)
(ICTD Working Paper no. 31)
Journal Article | 2015

Human and financial capital for microenterprise development: Evidence from a field and lab experiment

Microenterprises constitute an important source of employment, and developing such enterprises is a key policy concern in most countries. But what is the most efficient tool for microenterprise development? We...
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Bertil Tungodden (2015)
in Management science vol. 61 no. 4 pp. 707-722
U4 Report | 2015

Open government in Uruguay: Strengthening dialogue to make up for institutional challenges

In Uruguay, innovative practices of consultation and dialogue between government and civil society have enlarged the scope of open government reforms. All the actors involved agree on the priority of...
Aránzazu Guillán (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Report 2015:1)
Report in External Series | 2014

Working with Gender in Rural Afghanistan: Experiences from Norwegian-funded NGO projects

Gender equality and women’s rights is a key priority for Norway’s foreign and development policy in general and in Afghanistan in particular. Gender considerations are included in most of Norway’s...
Arne Strand,Torunn Wimpelmann (2014)
Oslo: Norad (Norad Evaluations no. 10/2014) 43 p.
Report in External Series | 2014

Rural-urban Youth Migration and Informal Self-Employment in Ethiopia

Empirical studies in the migration literature indicate that migration is often welfare improving for the migrant. But it is also possible that youth migrants become more susceptible and less competitive...
Sosina Bezu, Stein Holden (2014)
Ås: Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Center for Land Tenure no. 01/2014
CMI Working Paper | 2014

Local government taxation in Sub-Saharan Africa: A review and an agenda for research

This paper reviews the state of knowledge on local government revenue systems in Africa, with a particular focus on commonalties and differences between Francophone and Anglophone countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. The analysis addresses...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Gérard Chambas, Jean-Francois Brun (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2014:2) 42 p.
Journal Article | 2014

Clustering as an organizational response to capital market inefficiency: evidence from microenterprises in Ethiopia

Absence of a well-developed capital market has been listed as a key obstacle to industrialization in developing countries in the development literature. In this paper, we show that industrial clusters,...
Merima Ali, Jack Peerlings, Xiaobo Zhang (2014)
in Small Business Economics vol. 43 no. 3 pp. 697-709
Journal Article | 2014

Why don't clinicians adhere more consistently to the guidelines for Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI)?

The Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) has been introduced to reduce child morbidity and mortality in countries with a poor health infrastructure. Previous studies have documented a poor adherence...
Lange, S., A. Mwisongo, and O. Mæstad (2014)
in Social Science and Medicine vol. 104 pp. 56-63
CMI Working Paper | 2013

Abundant in policy, absent in practice? Rethinking 'local ownership'

Local ownership of international statebuilding processes tends to be understood as a quality which is ‘supported’, ‘fostered’, ‘granted’ or ‘stifled’ by foreigners rather than something which is simply taken by...
Erlend Grøner Krogstad (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2013:1) 17 p.
Journal Article | 2013

Corruption and reduced oil production: An additional resource curse factor?

Prominent contributions to the resource curse literature suggest weak governance and corruption are important factors behind the wide welfare variations observed among oil producing countries. How weak governance and corruption...
Farouk Al-Kasim, Tina Søreide, Aled Williams (2013)
in Energy Policy vol. 54 pp. 137-147
Journal Article | 2013

Multistakeholder groups for better sector performance: A key to fight corruption in natural resource governance?

Multistakeholder processes – involving representatives from civil society, government and the private sector — are increasingly viewed as a means to promote improved service delivery and operational performance in natural...
Tina Søreide and Rory Truex (2013)
in Development Policy Review, vol. 31 (2013) no.2
CMI Working Paper | 2012

Caste discrimination and barriers to microenterprise growth in Nepal

Studies of microbusiness in poor countries find high marginal returns to capital but also lack of investments. This paper analyzes how caste-based segmentation in the capital and labor markets can...
Espen Villanger (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:9) 33 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2012

Is oil-rich Angola a development success?

Ten years after the end of its civil war, Angola, which is heading to the polls Friday, has been transformed into a regional African power with a strong economy, but...
Arne Wiig and Ivar Kolstad (2012)
CNN 30.08.2012
CMI Working Paper | 2012

Local government revenue mobilisation in Anglophone Africa

This paper examines opportunities and constraints facing local revenue mobilization in Anglophone Africa with an emphasis on urban settings. Specific revenue instruments and their effects on economic efficiency, income distribution...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Kari Heggstad (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:6) 38 p.
Journal Article | 2012

Employment Dynamics in the Rural Nonfarm Sector in Ethiopia: Do the Poor Have Time on Their Side?

We study rural employment transitions in Ethiopia between farming and both low- and high-return nonfarm employment. We find that initial asset holdings and access to saving and credit are important...
Sosina Bezu, Christopher B. Barrett (2012)
in The Journal of Development Studies vol. 48 no. 9 pp. 1223-1240
CMI Working Paper | 2012

Myopic preferences or subsistence income? Why do rickshaw cyclists rent the cycle?

One year rent is sufficient to buy a rickshaw in the plains of Nepal, while a rickshaw will last many years, so purchase appears very profitable. Still most cyclists rent...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:1) 15 p.
Report in External Series | 2012

Local government revenue mobilization in Anglophone Africa

This paper examines opportunities and constraints facing local revenue mobilisation in anglophone Africa, with an emphasis on urban settings. It discusses specific revenue instruments and their effects on economic efficiency,...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Kari Heggstad (2012)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development at IDS (ICTD Working Paper no. ICTD WP 7) 30 p.