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U4 Issue | 2018

Anti-corruption through a social norms lens

A social norms approach can help practitioners design effective anti-corruption reforms. Social norms in communities, families, and organisations help explain why corruption persists. The threat of social sanctions for norm...
David Jackson, Nils Köbis (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:7)
Journal Article | 2018

"Flooding our eyes with rubbish": urban waste management in Maputo, Mozambique

Critical voices on urban management tend to portray conflicting governmentalities, with western 'top-down' municipal development models on the one hand, and the everyday practices and diffuse forms of power of...
Inge Tvedten and Sara Candiracci (2018)
in Environment and Urbanization pp. 1-16
Commissioned Report | 2018

End-review Norwegian Embassy Support to the Blue Diamond Society, Nepal

This report presents the findings, conclusion and recommendations of an end-review of the second phase (2015-2018) of the Norwegian Embassy support to Blue Diamond Society (BDS) in Nepal. BDS is...
Elling Tjønneland, Bjørg Sandkjær, Shruti Karki (2018)
(Commissioned by Norad)
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Building a better world by establishing a Truth Commission: Incomplete healing in El Salvador

On 17 October 1992, as a consultant to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, I visited the village of Corinto to collect stories of ‘grave cases of violence’....
Stener Ekern (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:7) 19 p.
U4 Issue | 2018

Engaging customary authority in community-driven development to reduce corruption risks

Customary authority can provide a source of resistance to corruption and capture of resources in community-driven development ? but it can also be part of those problems. How to know...
Jennifer Murtazashvili , David Jackson (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:3)
Commissioned Report | 2018

Evaluation of Norwegian support to civil society through Norwegian organisations. Report from presentation seminars in Nepal and Ethiopia. April 2018

The evalution report From Donors to Partners? examined the role of Norwegian organsiations in supporting civil society in developing countries, It was published in January 2018. Norad's Evaluiation Department hosted...
Elling N Tjønneland, Kanta Singh, Yeraswork Admassie (2018)
Oslo: Norad Evaluation Department pp. 1-46 (Limited circulation, distributed to participants and Norwegian embassies)
Report in External Series | 2018

Non-formal girls’ life skills programming Implications for policy and practice

Research in developing countries demonstrates the importance of life skills for improving a range of outcomes for adolescent girls. These outcomes include improved psychosocial and mental health (e.g., emotional resilience,...
Christina Kwauk, Amanda Braga, Helyn Kim, Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen (2018)
NW Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution (POLICY BRIEF) 12 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Recruitment Mechanisms for Reserved Seats for Women in Parliament and Switches to Non-Quota Seats: A Comparative Study of Tanzania and Uganda

Vibeke Wang and Mi Yung Yoon (2018)
in Journal of Modern African Studies
CMI Brief | 2018

Switches from quota- to non-quota seats: A comparative study of Tanzania and Uganda

Reserved-seat quotas have been used worldwide as a measure to get more women in parliament. However, they are meant to be temporary until women can compete with men for open...
Vibeke Wang and Mi Yung Yoon (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2) 4 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

Mid-term evaluation of Swedish government funded civil society support through the AGIR II programme in Mozambique 2014-2020

This report presents findings, conclusions and recommendations from the Mid-term Evaluation of Swedish government funded Civil Society support through the AGIR II Programme in Mozambique. The Swedish support to civil...
Inge Tvedten (2018)
Stockholm: Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida Decentralised Evaluation no. 2018:8) 115 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Life skills in non-formal contexts for adolescent girls in developing countries

Executive summary How can young women in developing countries best be prepared for success in their lives and livelihoods? Life preparation requires learning different types of knowledge and skills in formal,...
Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen, Sandra Halvorsen, Christina Kwauk (Brookings Institution), Amanda Braga (Brookings Institution), Helyn Kim (Brookings Institution) (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:5) 115 p.
CMI Report | 2018

Building tax systems in fragile states. Challenges, achievements and policy recommendations

The purpose of this study is to systematise and analyse existing knowledge on taxation in fragile states. Efforts to support domestic revenue mobilisation in conflict situations require a different approach...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Morten Bøås, Julie Brun Bjørkheim, Frida Margrethe Kvamme (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:03) 49 p.
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

The ruins of Bangladesh’s LGBT community

What was once a fledgling lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community in the Bangladeshi capital of Dhaka is now destroyed. In 2014 and 2015 the Bangladeshi gay scene was...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, Australia 23.03.2018
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2018

Democracy decaying in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has taken yet another turn on its downwards spiral from democracy to authoritarianism. On 8 February 2018, a Bangladeshi judge convicted opposition leader Khaleda Zia — the nation’s former...
Inge Amundsen (2018)
East Asia Forum, 6 March 2018
Journal Article | 2018

Do donors reduce bilateral aid to countries with restrictive NGO laws?: A panel study, 1993-2012

Foreign aid contributes to about 10% of gross domestic product of developing countries. To distribute aid in recipient countries, Western donors increasingly rely on non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Yet, since the...
Kendra Dupuy & Aseem Prakash (2018)
in Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly vol. 47 no. 1 pp. 89-106
Journal Article | 2018

Exploring the spatio-temporal processes of communal rangeland grabbing in Sudan

The persistent policy of successive Sudanese governments in favouring large-scale agricultural investments at the expense of traditional land use is creating material differences among significant groups of the population. A...
Hussein M. Sulieman (2018)
Springer Open: Research, Policy and Practice
Report in External Series | 2018

From Donors to Partners? Evaluation of Norwegian Support to Strengthen Civil Society in Developing Countries through Norwegian Civil Society Organisations

This report in two volumes presents the findings, conclusions, lessons learnt and recommendations of an evaluation of the Norwegian civil society grant administered by Norad. The objectives of the evaluation...
Elling N Tjønneland, Svein-Erik Helle, Stein-Erik Kruse, Ingela Ternstrôm, Bjørn Ternstrôm, Yeraswork Admassie, Kanta Singh, Elizabeth Bamwine, Espen Villanger (2018)
Oslo: Norad - Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Evaluation Department Reports no. 1/2018) pp. 1-63 + 1-134
Book | 2018

The Politics of the Headscarf in the United States

The Politics of the Headscarf in the United States investigates the social and political effects of the practice of Muslim-American women wearing the headscarf (hijab) in a non-Muslim state. The...
Bozena C. Welborne, Aubrey L. Westfall, Özge Çelik Russell, Sarah A. Tobin (2018)
Ithaca: Cornell University Press 264 p.
Sudan Report | 2018

Community Views on Child Marriage in Kassala: Prospects for Change

Child marriage is any formal marriage or informal union where one or both parties are under 18 years of age. Child marriage affects both boys and girls, but disproportionately affects...
Samia El Nagar, Manal Mahjoub, Adil Idris, Liv Tønnessen (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2018:1)
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax collection in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:1) 27 p.