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CMI Report | 2018

Building tax systems in fragile states. Challenges, achievements and policy recommendations

The purpose of this study is to systematise and analyse existing knowledge on taxation in fragile states. Efforts to support domestic revenue mobilisation in conflict situations require a different approach...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Morten Bøås, Julie Brun Bjørkheim, Frida Margrethe Kvamme (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:03) 49 p.
Report in External Series | 2018

From Donors to Partners? Evaluation of Norwegian Support to Strengthen Civil Society in Developing Countries through Norwegian Civil Society Organisations

This report in two volumes presents the findings, conclusions, lessons learnt and recommendations of an evaluation of the Norwegian civil society grant administered by Norad. The objectives of the evaluation...
Elling N Tjønneland, Svein-Erik Helle, Stein-Erik Kruse, Ingela Ternstrôm, Bjørn Ternstrôm, Yeraswork Admassie, Kanta Singh, Elizabeth Bamwine, Espen Villanger (2018)
Oslo: Norad - Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Evaluation Department Reports no. 1/2018) pp. 1-63 + 1-134
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
U4 Issue | 2017

Lobbying: the preconditions of an anti-corruption promise

Can lobbying be a realistic and legitimate alternative to corruption in less developed countries? This paper addresses this question by: (1) delineating the differences and similarities between lobbying and corruption;...
Anthony Nownes (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:8) 28 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Shadow Value Chains: Tracing the link between corruption, illicit activity and lootable natural resources from West Africa

Illicit natural resource trade continues to benefit corrupt officials, criminal and terrorist networks and to divert resources away from development, security and the common good in West Africa. How are...
Åse Gilje Østensen, Mats Stridsman (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:7) 80 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2017

Poverty among Sudanese communities along the eastern borders: A case study from the Kassala and Gedarif States

The data for this paper was collected through a survey aimed at reviewing the socioeconomic conditions of the communities living along the Sudanese border between Eritrea and Ethiopia. The survey...
Dr. Faiez Ahmed Hamed ElNeel, Dr. Hassan Ahmed Abdel Ati, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain Abdalla (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2017:2) 16 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania: A thorny road from inception to implementation?

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop local content policies (LCPs) to increase job and business opportunities for nationals in the...
Abel Kinyondo and Espen Villanger (2017)
Kinyondo and Villanger, 2017. Local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania: A thorny road from inception to implementation? The Extractive Industries and Society, 4(2), 371-384.
U4 Issue | 2017

Preventing corruption in community mineral beneficiation schemes

Abstract This paper analyses patterns of corruption and corruption risks related to community mineral beneficiation schemes (CMBSs) that distribute benefits funded by mineral revenues to communities. It analyses insights from existing...
Michael Nest (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:3) 40 p
Report in External Series | 2017

Evaluation of Swedish government research cooperation with Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique 2011-2016

This report presents the findings, conclusions and recommendations of an Evaluation of Swedish government research cooperation with Eduardo Mondlane University, Mozambique. The purpose of this evaluation is to analyse, assess,...
Stein-Erik Kruse, Inge Tvedten, Matti Tedre, Carmeliza Rosário (2017)
Stockholm: Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida Decentralised Evaluation no. 2017:9) 114 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Corruption and state-backed debts in Mozambique: What can external actors do?

The average annual cost of corruption to Mozambique was recently estimated to be up to USD 4.9 billion for the period 2004-2014. Some analysts have entertained the idea that investments in...
David Aled Williams, Jan Isaksen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:6) 24 p
CMI Brief | 2016

Lack of consultation. Stakeholders perspectives on local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop Local Content Policies (LCPs) to increase local job and business opportunities. This brief presents...
Espen Villanger (CMI), Abel Kinyondo (Repoa), Ingvild Hestad (CMI) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 15) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Petro-Governance in Tanzania: Opportunities and Challenges

Recent significant natural gas discoveries have pushed Tanzania into the international spotlight as a new petroleum producer. How can the country ensure that its newfound wealth is translated into economic...
Bryan Lee, Kendra Dupuy (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 14) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2016

Anti-corruption justice and collaboration in Kosovo: Challenges and recommendations

Sheelagh Brady (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2016:7) 4 p
Report in External Series | 2016

Considering the State: Perspectives on South Sudan's subdivision and federalism debate

In October 2015, the president of the Republic of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit, decreed a change in the country’s administrative structure and increased the number of states from 10...
Mareike Schomerus and Lovise Aalen (eds.) (2016)
Overseas Development Institute /Chr. Michelsen Institute no. August 2016
CMI Working Paper | 2016

Local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania: A thorny road from inception to implementation?

Abstract Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop local content policies (LCPs) to increase job and business opportunities for nationals in the...
Abel Kinyondo, Espen Villanger (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:6) 28 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Doing accountability differently. A proposal for the vertical integration of civil society monitoring and advocacy

Civil society accountability initiatives that take into account power structures at multiple levels can produce more lasting institutional change, compared to locally-bounded initiatives that address the symptoms rather than the...
Jonathan Fox, Joy Aceron, Aránzazu Guillán (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:4) 67 p
CMI Brief | 2016

Petroleum fund in Tanzania? Other alternatives may be better

The Government of Tanzania is looking for the best policies and institutional designs to turn future petroleum revenues into welfare, development and jobs. This Brief argues that the Tanzanian society...
Ragnar Torvik (2016)
Bergen & Dar es Salaam : Chr. Michelsen Institute & REPOA (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 10) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2016

Back in business: Private sector development for poverty reduction in Norwegian aid

Abstract: Private sector development (PSD) is back on the donors’ agenda. In Norway, PSD aid and aid funded loans have increased more than five-fold during the last decade and the...
Espen Villanger (2016)
in Forum for Development Studies vol. 43 no. 2 pp. 333-362
Newspaper Op-Ed | 2016

Lessons from Zambia - Recommendations for a more sustainable mining tax regime

Caleb Fundanga, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lise Rakner (2016)
African Development Bank Annual Meeting, Lusaka, Zambia, 23-27 May 2016. Published by the media house D.E.R. Limited (www.derlimited.com)
CMI Brief | 2016

Enforcement of water rights

In 2010, a UN Resolution explicitly recognized the human right to water and sanitation (HRtWS). But has this international recognition improved the ability of poor and marginalized people to secure...
Lara Côrtes, Camila Gianella, Bruce Wilson (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 9) 4 p.