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CMI Brief | 2016

The Gatekeepers: Political Participation of Women in Malawi

All over the world, there are gatekeepers with the power to facilitate – or restrict – peoples’ access. We have studied the role of the chairpersons and secretaries of the...
Happy Mickson Kayuni, Kondwani Farai Chikadza (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 12) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

The ‘Joyce Banda Effect’: Public Opinion and Voting Behaviour in Malawi

In the 2014 elections in Malawi, the incumbent female president Joyce Banda lost the presidency, and the number of women MPs was reduced from 43 to 33. This decline in...
Tiyesere Mercy Chikapa (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 6) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Non-resource taxation in a resource rich setting: A broader tax base will enhance tax compliance in Tanzania

CMI Brief December 2015 Volume 14 No.08 Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. The country might become a large producer of gas, and...
(2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 14 no. 8) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2016

Preferences for land sales legalization and land values in Ethiopia

This study investigates attitudes towards legalizing land sales and Willingness to Accept (WTA) sales prices and compensation prices for land among smallholder households in the southern highlands of Ethiopia. Household...
Stein Holden, Sosina Bezu (2016)
in Land Use Policy vol. 52 pp. 410-421
CMI Working Paper | 2016

Increasing trust in the bank to enhance savings: Experimental evidence from India

Recent evidence highlights the importance of trust in explaining bank account savings. According to economic theory, repeated interactions can play a crucial role in shaping trust. We designed the first...
Rahul Mehrotra, Vincent Somville, Lore vandewalle (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:02)
Report in External Series | 2016

Business people’s views of paying taxes in Ethiopia

This study examines factors that determine business people’s attitudes towards paying taxes in Ethiopia. Based on data obtained from a survey of business taxpayers in Addis Ababa, the study finds...
Wollela Yesegat; Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2016)
Brighton: Institute of Development Studies (ICTD Working Paper no. 43)
Report in External Series | 2015

Evaluation of Norway's Support to Women's Rights and Gender Equality. Mozambique Case Study Report

Purpose of evaluation:This report is the Mozambique case study report for the evaluation of Norway’s support to strengthening women and girls’ rights and gender equality through its development cooperation during the...
Inge Tvedten (Team Leader), Carmeliza Rosario, Sheila Faquir, Fumo Chacuro (2015)
Oslo: Norad (Norad Evaluation Report no. 2/2015 Annex 7)
Report in External Series | 2015

Evaluation of Norway's Support to Women's Rights and Gender Equality in Development Cooperation

Purpose of evaluation:This report evaluates Norway’s support to strengthening women and girls’ rights and gender equality through its development cooperation during the period 2007-2013. It assesses the extent to which...
Nicola Jones, Inge Tvedten, Angelica Arbulu, Paola Pereznieto, Johanna Lindström, Mari Norbakk (2015)
Oslo: Norad (Norad Evaluation Report no. 2/2015)
Sudan Working Paper | 2015

Failed governance and political turbulence in Abyei Area of Sudan

This report is the result of deskwork review of two major documents, signed in 2005 on Abyei area conflict, in order to expose factors that contributed to non-implementation of Abyei...
Abdalbasit Saeed (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2015:1)
Journal Article | 2015

When Do Religious Leaders Support Faith-Based Violence? Evidence from a Survey Poll in South Sudan

Religion has increasingly become important in conflicts worldwide. Religious leaders may play a key role in mobilizing believers as they can call for peace or instigate violence. But what makes...
Matthias Basedau, Carlo Koos (2015)
in Political Research Quarterly vol. 68 no. 4 pp. 760-772
U4 Report | 2015

Open government and transparency reform in Chile: Balancing leadership, ambition and implementation capacity

Chile is a successful open government reformer. The implementing agencies have achieved the targets set in the national action plans for transparency and access to information commitments. These reforms are...
Aránzazu Guillán (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Report 2015:2)
Journal Article | 2014

To pay or not to pay? Citizens’ attitudes towards taxation in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa

This paper examines factors that determine citizens’ tax-compliance attitude in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa. Using the 2011/2012 Afrobarometer survey data, we find that tax compliance attitude is positively...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen (2014)
in World Development vol. 64 pp. 828-842
Report in External Series | 2013

To pay or not to pay? Citizens' attitudes towards taxation in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa

This paper examines factors that determine citizens’ tax-compliance attitude in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa. Using the 2011/12 Afrobarometer survey data, we find that tax-compliance attitude is positively correlated...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen (2013)
East Lansing: Afrobarometer (Afrobarometer Working Paper no. 143) 33 p.
U4 Issue | 2012

Per diem policy analysis toolkit

Most organizations use per diems as a way to reimburse out-of-pocket expenses for travel and to encourage staff to attend professional development activities. However, weaknesses in policy design and control...
Taryn Vian, Laura Sabin (2012)
Bergen: U4 Anti-Corruption Resource Centre, Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2012:8) 40 p.
Journal Article | 2012

The conversion process in stages: new Muslims in the twenty-first century

This study deals with stages in the process of conversion to Islam. However, unlike the extensive research on pre-conversion stages, this contribution looks at post-conversion development. The initial stage after...
Anne Sofie Roald (2012)
in Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations vol. 23 no. 3 pp. 347-362
CMI Working Paper | 2012

Peoples' views of taxation in Africa: A review of research on determinants of tax compliance

What are the key determinants of taxpayer compliance? And which features of citizen-state relations govern attitudes and behaviour regarding taxation? This paper examines the analytical foundation, methodological approaches and key...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Collette Schulz-Herzenberg, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen (2012)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2012:7) 50 p.
Report in External Series | 2012

Peoples' views of taxation in Africa: a review of research on determinants of tax compliance

What are the key determinants of taxpayer compliance? And which features of citizen-state relations govern attitudes and behaviour regarding taxation? This paper examines the analytical foundation, methodological approaches and key...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Collette Schulz-Herzenberg and Ingrid Hoem Sjursen (2012)
Brighton: International Centre for Tax and Development at IDS (ICTD Working Paper no. WP 2012:8) 50 p.
CMI Report | 2010

The Politics of Women's Representation in Sudan: Debating Women's Rights in Islam from the Elites to the Grassroots

The international discourse on gender and peacebuilding presupposes a common agenda among all women across religion, ethnicity and class in any given post-conflict situation. The literature seems to express the...
Liv Tønnessen, Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2010: 2) 46 p.
CMI Brief | 2010

The Paradox of Representation in Sudan: Muslim Women's Diverging Agendas

The international discourse on gender and peacebuilding presupposes a common agenda among all women across religion, ethnicity and class in any given post-confl ict situation. This brief challenges this position...
Liv Tønnessen, Hilde Granås Kjøstvedt (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 9 no. 1) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2010

Cultures of legality: Judicialization and political activism in contemporary Latin America

Legal practices and ideas about law are undergoing dramatic change in Latin America. Today, a turn-of-the-century crop of constitutions grants high courts greater powers; provides long lists of social, economic,...
Alexandra Huneeus, Javier Couso and Rachel Sieder (2010)
in Ed. by Javier A. Couso, Alexandra Huneeus and Rachel Sieder: Cultures of legality. Judicialization and political activism in Latin America. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press pp. 3-21