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Journal Article | 2018

Who benefits from increased service utilisation? Examining the distributional effects of payment for performance in Tanzania

Payment for performance (P4P) strategies, which provide financial incentives to health workers and/or facilities for reaching pre-defined performance targets, can improve healthcare utilisation and quality. P4P may also reduce inequalities...
Peter John Binyaruka, Bjarne Robberstad, Gaute Torsvik, Josephine Borghi (2018)
in International Journal for Equity in Health vol. 17:14 pp. 1-16
Journal Article | 2018

The Other Side of Taxation: Extraction and Social Institutions in the Developing World

The fiscal sociology literature views the state at the heart of development, but in most developing countries, formal taxation is limited. Instead, local residents make substantial contributions outside the state...
Ellen Lust and Lise Rakner (2018)
in Annual review of Political Science vol. 21 pp. 277-294
CMI Report | 2018

Norwegian aid to food security, nutrition and agriculture

The report reviews available research on the links between agriculture and the rest of the economy, with a focus on structural adjustment and the role of agriculture in economic growth...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:01) 57 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa

Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. Why does counter-mobilization arise in...
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 8) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Protected tax havens: Cornering the market through international reform?

Since the year 2000, an international reform process has been underway to reduce the negative impacts of tax havens. This paper analyzes whether the reform period has favoured protected tax...
Ivar Kolstad (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:7) 15 p.
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Country Evaluation Brief: Malawi

Malawi is one of the world's least developed countries, with a poverty rate that is consistently high compared to other countries in sub-Saharan Africa and declining at a slower pace. The...
Inge Amundsen (2017)
Norad Country Evaluation Brief
Book Chapter | 2017

Theory and practise of decentralization by devolution: Lessons from a research programme in Tanzania (2002-13)

What impact did Tanzania’s decentralization reform have on local governance, finances and service delivery? To what extent are the central-local government relationships changed with respect to resource allocation and responsibilities...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera (2017)
in Donald Mmari and Samuel Wangwe : Research and policy nexus: Perspectives from twenty years of policy research in Tanzania. . Dar es Salaam: Mkukui na Nyota Publishers Ltd. pp. 34-56
CMI Report | 2017

Rural poverty in Malanje, Angola

This report is part of the research programme “Cooperation on Research and Development in Angola” between Centro de Estudos e Investigação Científica (CEIC) at the Catholic University in Luanda, Angola...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro, Eyolf Jul-Larsen, Mateus Agostinho (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2017:1) 36 p.
CMI Insight | 2017

Taxing the urban boom: property taxation in Africa

The growth of Africa’s towns and cities has outpaced local governments’ capacity for service delivery in terms of management, infrastructure, and financing. As a result, many African towns and cities...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali, Tom Goodfellow (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 1) 8 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Afghanistan: A Political Economy Analysis

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the current state of Afghanistan, arguing that the Afghan state is fragile, and sustained through constant negotiations over power, resources and ideology. What...
Stein Sundstøl Eriksen, Arne Strand, Kaja Christine Andersen Borchgrevink, Kristian Berg Harpviken (2017)
Oslo: Norsk utenrikspolitisk institutt 64 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Malawi: A Political Economy Analysis

This report provides a comprehensive political economy analysis of contemporary Malawi. The country epitomises the primacy of patrimonial politics – including endemic corruption – with a powerful presidency at the...
Arne Tostensen (2017)
Oslo: Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt 81 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Women and legal pluralism: Lessons from indigenous governance systems in the Andes

The shift towards legally plural multicutural and pluri-national citizenship regimes in the Andes formally recognised indigenous peoples' community-based governance systems. These tend to emphasise participation, deliberation and service to the...
Anna Barrera and Rachel Sieder (2017)
in Journal of Latin American Studies vol. 49 no. 3 pp. 633-658
Journal Article | 2017

Effects of Payment for Performance on accountability mechanisms: Evidence from Pwani, Tanzania

Payment for Performance (P4P) aims to improve provider motivation to perform better, but little is known about the effects of P4P on accountability mechanisms. We examined the effect of P4P...
Iddy Mayumana, Jo Borghi, Laura Anselmi, Masuma Mamdani, Siri Lange (2017)
in Social Science & Medicine vol. 179 pp. 61-73
Journal Article | 2017

The health status of adolescents in Ecuador and the country’s response to the need for differentiated healthcare for adolescents

Background Adolescents face a range of health problems but many barriers block their access to health services, and in particular to sexual and reproductive health services. The objective of this study...
Joar Svanemyr, Susana Guijarro, Betzabe Butron Riveros, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli (2017)
in Reproductive Health vol. 14 no. 29
Book Chapter | 2017

Corruption and elite capture of mining community development funds in Ghana and Sierra Leone

Community development funds drawing from resource revenues are increasingly used to address issues of revenue distribution and local development in resource production regions. Comparing two West African mining revenue distribution...
Kendra Dupuy (2017)
in David Aled Williams, Philippe Le Billon: Corruption, natural resources and development: from resource curse to political ecology. Cheltenham and Northampton (MA): Edward Elgar Publishing
CMI Brief | 2016

Marginalisation and Poverty in Rural Malanje, Angola

Rural Angola has gone through decades of hardships with war and economic marginalisation – culminating with the current economic crisis. This brief is about ten rural communities in the province...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 18) 4 p.
CMI Report | 2016

The costs of corruption to the Mozambican economy. Why it is important to fight corruption in a climate of fiscal fragility

What is the price that Mozambique has to pay for the widespread corruption in the country? What is the cost of corruption for the Mozambican economy, the state and its...
(2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2016:6) 76 p.
U4 Brief | 2016

The challenge of per diem misuse: Training and travel as extra pay

A combination of low wages and perverse incentives motivate civil servants to supplement their income with per diem payments connected to participation in seminars and workshops. The abuse of travel...
Tina Søreide, Ingvild Aagedal Skage, Arne Tostensen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2016:8) 4 p