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CMI Report | 2017

Family law reform in Sudan: competing claims for gender justice between sharia and women’s human rights

This paper focuses on family law reform in Sudan-a country that has been in a state of perpetual conflict that stretches back long before its independence in 1956. The signing...
Samia El Nagar, Liv Tønnessen (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2017:5) 28 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Petroleum populism: How new resource endowments shape voter choices

High-value natural resources can be a political “curse” when political elites use resource revenues to maintain power, subvert democratic rule, and distribute public goods to their supporters. New resource discoveries...
Andreas Stølan, Benjamin Engebretsen, Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Vincent Somville, Cornel Jahari, Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 11) 4 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Nepal: A political economy analysis

This report is an integrated political economy analysis of Nepal. The main finding is that economic growth and poverty reduction have been steady in Nepal since the mid-1980s independently of...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2017)
NUPI (Report)
CMI Brief | 2017

What causes Latin America’s high incidence of adolescent pregnancy?

Latin America is the only region in the world where adolescent pregnancies are not decreasing. According to a recent article in the Lancet, if the current trend continues, Latin American...
Camila Gianella, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado, Angelica Peñas Defago (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 9) 4 p.
CMI Insight | 2017

Gender parity in Senegal – A continuing struggle

In 2010, the Senegalese women’s movement, supported by political elites and international norms, managed to push for the adoption of one of the world’s most radical gender quota laws to...
Marianne Tøraasen (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 2) 8 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Tax bargains in unlikely places: The politics of Zambian mining taxes

In developed nations, issues of taxation rank high on the agendas of political parties. In Africa’s new democracies taxation does not figure as a central campaign issue. Lack of attention...
Lise Rakner (2017)
in The Extractive Industries and Society
Book Chapter | 2017

The Impact of elections: The case of Uganda

The comparative democratization literature is divided on the effects of multiparty elections in non - democratic regimes. Early analyses assumed that elections would lead to democracy, yet more recent studies...
Svein-Erik Helle, Lise Rakner (2017)
in Johannes Gerschewski, Christoph H. Stefes: Crisis in Autocratic Regimes. Lynne Rienner Publishers pp. 111-134
Journal Article | 2017

Quotas and women's substantive representation: Evidence from a content analysis of Ugandan plenary debates

Despite the popularity of electoral gender quotas, the substantive impact of quotas on the plenary behavior of members of parliament (MPs) has yet to be thoroughly empirically explored, and in...
Amanda Clayton, Cecilia Josefsson and Vibeke Wang (2017)
in Politics & Gender pp. 1-29
Book Chapter | 2017

Nigeria: Defying the resource curse

The idea that oil wealth tends to undermine democratic transition is one of the central tenets of the resource curse paradigm. This chapter takes a closer look at the political process that unfolded...
Inge Amundsen (2017)
in David Aled Williams, Philippe Le Billon: Corruption, natural resources and development: from resource curse to political ecology. Cheltenham and Northampton (MA): Edward Elgar Publishing
Journal Article | 2017

Power calculations and political decentralisation in African post-conflict states

Although many African governments introduced provisions for subnational elections in the early 1990s, there is variation in the extent to which these reforms were implemented and sustained. Our inductive analysis...
Lovise Aalen, Ragnhild Muriaas (2017)
in International Political Science Review
Journal Article | 2016

Education and electoral participation: Reported versus actual voting behaviour

Using survey data of voters in Tanzania, this paper shows that while education does not affect self-reported voting in general elections, it increases actual voting. The less educated are more...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2016)
in Applied Economics Letters vol. 23 no. 13 pp. 908-911
Edited Book | 2016

Women in Politics in Malawi

About two decades ago, in Malawi, the issue of the numbers of women in politics was not newsworthy. Few stakeholders showed any concern about the low number of women in...
Inge Amundsen and Happy Kayuni (Eds.) (2016)
Bergen and Zomba: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI), Department of Political and Admininstrative Studies (PAS) 140 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Women in Local Government. A Potential Arena for Women’s Substantive Representation

Local government is an important avenue for getting practical experience in participating in politics before moving on to the national arena. Advocates of decentralisation argue that it opens up avenues...
Asiyati Lorraine Chiweza (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 13) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

The Gatekeepers: Political Participation of Women in Malawi

All over the world, there are gatekeepers with the power to facilitate – or restrict – peoples’ access. We have studied the role of the chairpersons and secretaries of the...
Happy Mickson Kayuni, Kondwani Farai Chikadza (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 12) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Acting jointly on behalf of women? The cross-party women’s caucus in Malawi

Despite an increase in the number of countries that have adopted women’s caucuses in sub-Saharan Africa, there is still little empirical knowledge about how they operate and under which conditions...
Asiyati Chiweza, Vibeke Wang, Ann Maganga (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 8) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Enforcement of water rights

In 2010, a UN Resolution explicitly recognized the human right to water and sanitation (HRtWS). But has this international recognition improved the ability of poor and marginalized people to secure...
Lara Côrtes, Camila Gianella, Bruce Wilson (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 9) 4 p.
CMI Insight | 2016

Ending child marriages – new laws bring progress but hurdles remain

Reform of family law is considered among the most difficult to achieve since it contests ‘the notion of women and children as property’.  There is a continuum ranging from criminalization...
Vibeke Wang (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 4) 8 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

The uneven playing field and the 2016 elections in Uganda

It is easy to document that the 2016 elections in Uganda were unfair. To combat the uneven playing field one needs to systematically assess the symptoms and identify the structural...
Svein-Erik Helle (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 7) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

The ‘Joyce Banda Effect’: Public Opinion and Voting Behaviour in Malawi

In the 2014 elections in Malawi, the incumbent female president Joyce Banda lost the presidency, and the number of women MPs was reduced from 43 to 33. This decline in...
Tiyesere Mercy Chikapa (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 6) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

A Different Yardstick: The Gendered Political Discourse in Malawi

The 2014 election campaign in Malawi focussed on gender rather than facts. In this brief we argue that the campaign showed a strong, conservative, culturally driven bias against Banda and...
Edrinnie Lora-Kayambazinthu, Edith Kalilombe Shame (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 5) 4 p.