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Book | 2018

Taxing Africa: Coercion, Reform and Development

It has long been debated whether Africa's lack of growth is best explained by the continent's exploitation by the global system, or by internal failures of domestic political leadership, and...
Mick Moore, Wilson Prichard and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
London/New York: Zed Books (African Arguments Book Series,) 216 p.
Commissioned Report | 2018

Evaluation of Norwegian support to civil society through Norwegian organisations. Report from presentation seminars in Nepal and Ethiopia. April 2018

The evalution report From Donors to Partners? examined the role of Norwegian organsiations in supporting civil society in developing countries, It was published in January 2018. Norad's Evaluiation Department hosted...
Elling N Tjønneland, Kanta Singh, Yeraswork Admassie (2018)
Oslo: Norad Evaluation Department pp. 1-46 (Limited circulation, distributed to participants and Norwegian embassies)
CMI Report | 2018

Life skills in non-formal contexts for adolescent girls in developing countries

Executive summary How can young women in developing countries best be prepared for success in their lives and livelihoods? Life preparation requires learning different types of knowledge and skills in formal,...
Kendra Dupuy, Sosina Bezu, Are Knudsen, Sandra Halvorsen, Christina Kwauk (Brookings Institution), Amanda Braga (Brookings Institution), Helyn Kim (Brookings Institution) (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:5) 115 p.
U4 Issue | 2018

Exploring the role of digital civil society portals in improving Right to Information regimes

Over the past two decades, advances in information and communication technology (ICT) have transformed the way people access and interact with the information that governments produce and hold. The development...
Silvana Fumega, Fabrizio Scrollini (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2018:1)
Book Chapter | 2018

Reducing Early Pregnancy in Low-Income Countries

Early pregnancies are generally associated with negative effects on women’shealth and education (Goldin & Katz 2002; Rasul 2008), as well as theireconomic achievement (Bailey 2006; Miller 2010). Early pregnancies arealso...
Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Kjetil Bjorvatn, Amina Mohamed Maalim, Vincent Somville, Bertil Tungodden (2018)
in Siwan Anderson, Lori Beaman, and Jean-Philippe Platteau: Towards Gender Equity in Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press pp. 141-166
Journal Article | 2018

Critiques of Human Rights

Empirical critiques of human rights have reached a crescendo. Despite their centrality in late modernity, human rights face claims of irrelevance and predictions of demise. These social science–inflected assessments follow...
Malcolm Langford (2018)
in Annual Review of Law and Social Science vol. Vol. 14 pp. 69-89
Book Review | 2018

Review of The Good Holiday. Development, Tourism and the Politics of the Benevolence in Mozambique

Aslak Orre (2018)
in Forum for Development Studies
Journal Article | 2018

Revisiting Health Rights Litigation and Access to Medications in Costa Rica: Preliminary Evidence fromthe Cochrane Collaboration Reform

In response to the incremental creation of an expansive constitutional right to health in Costa Rica, the country’s rights-friendly constitutional chamber of the Supreme Court (known as the Sala IV)...
Olman Rodríguez Loaiza, Sigrid Morales, Ole Frithjof Norheim, and Bruce Wilson (2018)
in Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 20 no. 1
Journal Article | 2018

The Other Side of Taxation: Extraction and Social Institutions in the Developing World

The fiscal sociology literature views the state at the heart of development, but in most developing countries, formal taxation is limited. Instead, local residents make substantial contributions outside the state...
Ellen Lust and Lise Rakner (2018)
in Annual review of Political Science vol. 21 pp. 277-294
CMI Report | 2018

Norwegian aid to food security, nutrition and agriculture

The report reviews available research on the links between agriculture and the rest of the economy, with a focus on structural adjustment and the role of agriculture in economic growth...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 2018:01) 57 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Understanding the lie of the land: an institutional analysis of petro-governance in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered large petroleum and natural gas reserves, boosting its natural resource stocks and potential future revenue flows. Whether the country’s petroleum resources will translate into economic development...
Kendra Dupuy and Bryan Lee (2018)
in Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law vol. 36 no. 1 pp. 85-101
CMI Brief | 2017

Prospects for peace in a petro-state: Gas extraction and participation in violence in Tanzania

Significant petroleum discoveries in Tanzania have shaped the country’s political discourse in recent years, with politicians promising to turn this newfound resource wealth into rapid economic growth and poverty reduction....
Andreas Stølan, Benjamin Engebretsen, Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge, Vincent Somville, Cornel Jahari, Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 10) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

What causes Latin America’s high incidence of adolescent pregnancy?

Latin America is the only region in the world where adolescent pregnancies are not decreasing. According to a recent article in the Lancet, if the current trend continues, Latin American...
Camila Gianella, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado, Angelica Peñas Defago (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 9) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa

Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. Why does counter-mobilization arise in...
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 8) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
U4 Brief | 2017

Has the EITI been successful? Reviewing evaluations of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

Has the EITI been successful? Many efforts have been devoted to improving resource governance through the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. A review of 50 evaluations concludes that the EITI has...
Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad, Philippe Le Billon (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:5) 6 p
Report in External Series | 2017

The Internal Flight Alternative in Norway: Law and practice with respect to Afghan families and unaccompanied asylum-seeking children

The internal flight alternative (IFA) is a limit on refugee status that potentially applies when a claimant’s risk of persecution is confined to a specific area of a country. It...
Jessica Schultz (2017)
UNHCR
Journal Article | 2017

Deciding over nature: Corruption and environmental impact assessments

Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) are an important analytic tool for identifying and potentially mitigating project risks and negative environmental and societal impacts. Their usefulness, however, depends on how they are...
Aled Williams and Kendra Dupuy (2017)
in Environmental Impact Assessment Review
Journal Article | 2017

The Battle over abortion rights in Brazil's state arenas, 1995-2006

This article proposes a relational approach to the study of abortion law reform in Brazil. It focuses on the interaction of pro-choice and anti-abortion movements in different state arenas and...
Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado and Debora Alves Machiel (2017)
in Health and Human Rights Journal
Sudan Working Paper | 2017

Poverty among Sudanese communities along the eastern borders: A case study from the Kassala and Gedarif States

The data for this paper was collected through a survey aimed at reviewing the socioeconomic conditions of the communities living along the Sudanese border between Eritrea and Ethiopia. The survey...
Dr. Faiez Ahmed Hamed ElNeel, Dr. Hassan Ahmed Abdel Ati, Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain Abdalla (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2017:2) 16 p.