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Journal Article | 2019

Twenty Years After Ottawa: ‘Unpacking’ Mine Action in Peace Agreements

Mine action is essential for long-term peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction. Using new data, this paper explores the nexus between mine action and peace processes, providing an analysis of trends in...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Journal of Peacebuilding and Development vol. 14 no. 2 pp. 150-163
Journal Article | 2019

A Triad of Confrontation: State Discipline, Buddhist Purification, and Indiscipline as a Local Strategy in Central Vietnam

In the village of Sa Huỳnh, state, fishers, and Buddhist clergy draw from semiotic ideologies but often employ a common political language, rarely agreeing on its meaning. Highlighting different structural...
Edyta Roszko (2019)
in Journal of Contemporary Ethnography vol. 48 no. 2 pp. 183-208
Impact Series | 2019

Changing the public narrative: The case of forced sterilizations in Peru

In a drive for lower birth rates during the mid-90’s, Peruvian authorities launched a campaign to persuade women to get sterilized. More than 200 000 women underwent the surgical procedure...
Åse Johanne Roti Dahl (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Impact Series IS 2019:01)
U4 Issue | 2019

Education sector corruption: How to assess it and ways to address it

Education sector corruption erodes social trust, worsens inequality, and sabotages development. Types of corruption in elementary-secondary education range from academic cheating to bribery and nepotism in teaching appointments to bid-rigging...
Monica Kirya (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2019:5)
Journal Article | 2019

Policy implementation under stress: Central-local government relations in property tax administration in Tanzania

Inter-organisational cooperation in revenue collection has received limited attention in the tax administration literature. Recent experiences from Tanzania offer a unique opportunity to examine opportunities and challenges facing such cooperation...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali and Lucas Katera (2019)
in Journal of Financial Management of Property and Construction vol. 26 no. 2 pp. 129-147
Book Chapter | 2019

Peace Agreements

Peace agreements are the codification of the terms of settlement between some or all conflict parties for the purpose of ending conflict between them. Between 1990 and 2018, over 1700...
Robert Forster (2019)
in Scott Romaniuk, Manish Thapa, Péter Marton: The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Global Security Studies. Cham: Palgrave MacMillan
CMI Working Paper | 2019

Does changing the narrative improve host community attitudes to climate migrants? Experimental evidence from Bangladesh

A number of studies suggest that our narratives about the situation of the poor and vulnerable affect how we view them and treat them. Theoretically, a potentially powerful way to...
Ivar Kolstad, Sosina Bezu, Päivi Lujala, Minhaj Mahmud, and Arne Wiig (2019)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2019:3) 25 p.
Journal Article | 2019

Local power dynamics and petty corruption in Burundi

Based on five months’ field research in two districts of Burundi (Bukeye and Mabayi), this case study analyses tax collectors’ rationales and informal practices during their interactions with citizens. The...
Guillaume Nicaise (2019)
in Journal of Eastern African Studies vol. 13 no. 4 pp. 698-717
Book Chapter | 2019

The ‘Secret Loans Affair’ and Political Corruption in Mozambique

In 2016, the ‘secret loans affair’ sprung on to the Mozambican political scene with the discovery that three government-owned companies – controlled by the military intelligence – had borrowed around...
Adriano Nuvunga and Aslak Orre (2019)
in Inge Amundsen (ed.): Political Corruption in Africa. Extraction and Power Preservation. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers Ltd.
Report in External Series | 2019

Transforming Pastoralist Mobility in West Darfur: Understanding Continuity and Change

In the Darfur Region of Sudan, patterns of livestock mobility and livelihood systems are continually adapting and transforming themselves in the face of multiple challenges. Earlier studies have shown that...
Hussein Sulieman and Helen Young (2019)
A Feinstein International Center publication, January 2019
Journal Article | 2018

Introducing post-discharge malaria chemoprevention (PMC) for management of severe anemia in Malawian children: a qualitative study of community health workers’ perceptions and motivation

Background Severe malarial anaemia is one of the leading causes of paediatric hospital admissions in Malawi. Post-discharge malaria chemoprevention (PMC) is the intermittent administration of full treatment courses of antimalarial to...
Thandile Nkosi-Gondwe, Bjarne Robberstad, Björn Blomberg, Kamija S. Phiri, Siri Lange (2018)
in BMC Health Services Research vol. 18 no. 984 pp. 1-15
CMI Brief | 2018

Women’s informal peace efforts: Grassroots activism in South Sudan

South Sudanese women have been grossly under-represented in formal peace negotiations. However, they have been active in informal peacebuilding at the local level where peace means rebuilding society. Such informal...
Helen Kezie-Nwoha and Juliet Were (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief no. 2018:07) 6 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Most people are not economists: Citizen preferences for corporate taxation

On what bases should corporations be taxed? This article presents evidence from a series of discrete choice experiments designed to elicit the tax preferences of ordinary citizens. We find that...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad,Ivar Kolstad,Arne Wiig (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:11)
Book Chapter | 2018

Globally designed accountability and local social inequality. A case study of two maternal deaths in Tanzania.

Siri Lange (2018)
in Håkon Fyhn, Harald Aspen, Anne Kathrine Larsen: Edges of Global Transformation: Ethnographies of Uncertainty. Lanham, Boulder, New York and London: Lexington Books pp. 133-152
CMI Insight | 2018

Property owners’ knowledge and attitudes towards property taxation in Tanzania

Property taxation (PT) is high on the political agenda in Tanzania and considered a cornerstone of the Government’s efforts to strengthen broad based direct taxation. Because it is visible to...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2018:01) 12 p.
Journal Article | 2018

Vernacular Politics, Sectarianism, and National Identity among Syrian Refugees in Jordan

In Jordan - home to some one million Syrian refugees - the vital roles played by vernacular politics, discourses of inclusion and exclusion, and sectarian social histories for Syrians are...
Sarah A. Tobin (2018)
in Religions vol. 9 no. 7
Book | 2018

Taxing Africa: Coercion, Reform and Development

It has long been debated whether Africa's lack of growth is best explained by the continent's exploitation by the global system, or by internal failures of domestic political leadership, and...
Mick Moore, Wilson Prichard and Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2018)
London/New York: Zed Books (African Arguments Book Series,) 216 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2018

Building a better world by establishing a Truth Commission: Incomplete healing in El Salvador

On 17 October 1992, as a consultant to the Commission on the Truth for El Salvador, I visited the village of Corinto to collect stories of ‘grave cases of violence’....
Stener Ekern (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2018:7) 19 p.
Commissioned Report | 2018

Evaluation of Norwegian support to civil society through Norwegian organisations. Report from presentation seminars in Nepal and Ethiopia. April 2018

The evalution report From Donors to Partners? examined the role of Norwegian organsiations in supporting civil society in developing countries, It was published in January 2018. Norad's Evaluiation Department hosted...
Elling N Tjønneland, Kanta Singh, Yeraswork Admassie (2018)
Oslo: Norad Evaluation Department pp. 1-46 (Limited circulation, distributed to participants and Norwegian embassies)
Commissioned Report | 2018

Midterm Evaluation of NPA-Cambodia Office's Development Programme

This report presents the findings, conclusion and recommendations of a mid-term evaluation of Norwegian People's Aid's (NPA) development programme in Cambodia. The programme support local partners in their efforts to...
Elling N Tjønneland, Pou Sovann (2018)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Unpublished report) pp. 1-44 (Coimmissioned report with limited circulation)