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CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

Theory and practise of decentralization by devolution: Lessons from a research programme in Tanzania (2002-13)

What impact did Tanzania’s decentralization reform have on local governance, finances and service delivery? To what extent are the central-local government relationships changed with respect to resource allocation and responsibilities...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera (2017)
in Donald Mmari and Samuel Wangwe : Research and policy nexus: Perspectives from twenty years of policy research in Tanzania. . Dar es Salaam: Mkukui na Nyota Publishers Ltd. pp. 34-56
CMI Insight | 2017

Taxing the urban boom: property taxation in Africa

The growth of Africa’s towns and cities has outpaced local governments’ capacity for service delivery in terms of management, infrastructure, and financing. As a result, many African towns and cities...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali, Tom Goodfellow (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 1) 8 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Property Taxation in Developing Countries

Property tax (PT) raises on average revenues of less than 1% of GDP in developing countries. In many African countries it contributes far less than 0.5%. Following such low contribution,...
Merima Ali, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Lucas Katera (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 1) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Access to Formal Banking and Household Finances: Experimental Evidence from India

Access to formal banking is spreading across the world. Obtaining a bank account may transform how people manage their finances, and affect their savings and consumption. We report from a...
Vincent Somville, Lore Vandewalle (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:1) 28 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Which Grievances Make People Support Violence against the State? Survey Evidence from the Niger Delta

Previous research has established a link between oil production and armed conflict in low- and middle-income countries. Oil-related grievances are viewed as a key variable driving resentment and antistate attitudes....
Carlo Koos (2017)
in International Interactions vol. 44 no. 3 pp. 437-462
Book Chapter | 2017

Patrolling a proxy-war: Soldiers, citizens and Zuʻama in Syria Street, Tripoli

The deadliest proxy war in Lebanon is that between Bab al-Tabbaneh (Sunni) and Jabal Mohsen (Alawite), two neighbourhoods in downtown Tripoli. The conflict has historical roots that can be traced...
Are John Knudsen (2017)
in Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade : London: Palgrave Macmillan
CMI Insight | 2016

Comment to CMI insight number 5: Illicit Flows and Trade Misinvoicing: Are we looking under the wrong lamppost?

This is a comment to the CMI Insight number 5, published November 2016. The Insight can be found here.  Comment byMatthew Salomon, 12 October 2016 Senior Economist, Global Financial Integrity Broad response Noting...
Matthew Salomon (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 5) 2 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Corruption and state-backed debts in Mozambique: What can external actors do?

The average annual cost of corruption to Mozambique was recently estimated to be up to USD 4.9 billion for the period 2004-2014. Some analysts have entertained the idea that investments in...
David Aled Williams, Jan Isaksen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:6) 24 p
CMI Working Paper | 2016

«Nowadays there are shoot-outs all the time». Women, children, and Police Pacification Units (UPPs) in Rocinha, Rio de Janeiro.

Executive summary This CMI Working paper explores the implementation of the Brazilian government’s favela (shantytown) policing program, Unidades de Pacificacion Policiais (UPP) or The Pacifying Police Units, from the point of...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:7) 28 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Petroleum fund in Tanzania? Other alternatives may be better

The Government of Tanzania is looking for the best policies and institutional designs to turn future petroleum revenues into welfare, development and jobs. This Brief argues that the Tanzanian society...
Ragnar Torvik (2016)
Bergen & Dar es Salaam : Chr. Michelsen Institute & REPOA (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 10) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Acting jointly on behalf of women? The cross-party women’s caucus in Malawi

Despite an increase in the number of countries that have adopted women’s caucuses in sub-Saharan Africa, there is still little empirical knowledge about how they operate and under which conditions...
Asiyati Chiweza, Vibeke Wang, Ann Maganga (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 8) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2016

“A Civil-Military Alliance”: The Venezuelan Armed Forces before and during the Chávez era

Executive summary When Hugo Chávez (1954–2013) came to power in Venezuela in 1998, the military was bestowed with a new—and controversial—role in society. Being a former career military himself, a central...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:4)
CMI Brief | 2016

The ‘Joyce Banda Effect’: Public Opinion and Voting Behaviour in Malawi

In the 2014 elections in Malawi, the incumbent female president Joyce Banda lost the presidency, and the number of women MPs was reduced from 43 to 33. This decline in...
Tiyesere Mercy Chikapa (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 6) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

A Different Yardstick: The Gendered Political Discourse in Malawi

The 2014 election campaign in Malawi focussed on gender rather than facts. In this brief we argue that the campaign showed a strong, conservative, culturally driven bias against Banda and...
Edrinnie Lora-Kayambazinthu, Edith Kalilombe Shame (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 5) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2016

Increasing trust in the bank to enhance savings: Experimental evidence from India

Recent evidence highlights the importance of trust in explaining bank account savings. According to economic theory, repeated interactions can play a crucial role in shaping trust. We designed the first...
Rahul Mehrotra, Vincent Somville, Lore vandewalle (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:02)
Journal Article | 2015

Myopic preferences or subsistence income among rickshaw cyclists

The purpose of this paper is to investigate why poor people make decisions that at first sight appear irrational. The author stays within the realms of classical consumption theory, and...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2015)
in International Journal of Development Issues vol. 14 no. 3 pp. 204-214
Report in External Series | 2015

Income Guarantees and Borrowing in Risky Environments: Evidence from India's Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

This paper investigates the effects of an income guarantee on borrowing to smooth consumption and finance cultivation in a risky setting with marked seasonality. A three-season, infinite-horizon theoretical model is...
Clive Bell and Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay (2015)
(IZA-DP no. 9357)
Report in External Series | 2015

Business development for poverty reduction

The report is based on a literature review and discuss three topics: 1. Can economic growth eradicate poverty? 2. How can donors contribute to private sector growth and structural transformation in...
Espen Villanger,Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge (2015)
Norwegian Church Aid
Journal Article | 2015

Effect of Paying for Performance on Utilisation, Quality, and User Costs of Health Services in Tanzania: A Controlled Before and After Study

Despite widespread implementation across Africa, there is limited evidence of the effect of payment for performance (P4P) schemes in low income countries on the coverage of quality services and affordability, consistent with...
Peter Binyaruka, Edith Patouillard, Timothy Powell-Jackson, Giulia Greco, Ottar Mæstad, Josephine Borghi (2015)
in PlosONE vol. 10 no. 8