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U4 Issue | 2015

Corruption risks in the criminal justice chain and tools for assessment

This U4 issue paper provides policymakers in developing nations, their citizens, and U4’s partners in the donor community with an overview of where corruption is most likely to arise in...
Sofie Arjon Schütte, Victoria Jennett, Richard E. Messick, Jay S. Albanese, Heike Gramckow, Gary Hill (2015)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2015:6) 62 p.
Book Chapter | 2015

Uruguay: reconstructing peace and democracy through transitional justice

This chapter traces 30 years of transitional justice development following civil-military rule (1973–85) in Uruguay. The 1985 amnesty law helped end state-sponsored violence, but it precluded prosecution of human rights...
Elin Skaar (2015)
in Elin Skaar, Camila Gianella Malca, and Trine Eide: After Violence: Transitional Justice, Peace, and Democracy. London and New York: Routledge (Transitional Justice Series) pp. 67-93
Journal Article | 2015

One step forward and many to the side: Combating gender violence in Afghanistan, 2001-2014

This article offers some reflections on the efforts over the last decade to combat violence against women in Afghanistan through reforms of laws and the justice system. The paper identifies...
Torunn Wimpelmann (2015)
in Women's Studies International Forum vol. 51 pp. 101-109
Report in External Series | 2014

Women’s Rights and Political Representation: Past Achievements and Future Challenges

This paper summarizes the main achievements and challenges for Afghan women’s participation in politics and their access to justice. It also presents the most important reflections amongst key stakeholders about possible ways forward, with...
Timor Sharan, Torunn Wimpelmann (2014)
Oslo: PRIO (PRIO Paper 2014) 8 p.
Report in External Series | 2014

Costa Rica’s Anti-Corruption Trajectory: Strengths and Limitations

In spite of the economic and social policy successes of Latin America’s longest surviving democracy, corruption has become a major problem shaking Costa Ricans’ confidence in appointed and elected public...
Bruce M. Wilson (2014)
(Work Package: WP3, Corruption and governance improvement in global and continental perspectives. Anti-Corruption Policies Revisited Project. EU/Hertie/GIGA)
U4 Brief | 2014

Donors and "zero tolerance for corruption": From principle to practice

Bilateral donors often use “zero tolerance for corruption policies” to signal a tough stance against corruption, but staff often experience a lack of clarity on how to apply these policies...
Francesco De Simone, Nils Taxell (2014)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2014:2) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2013

Complaints mechanisms in health organizations

Strategies to increase transparency and accountability often include complaints mechanisms by which organisations can respond to individual suspicions of corruption and other grievances. This Brief discusses how complaints mechanisms have...
Taryn Vian (2013)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2013:6) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2013

Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL): Impartial or Imposed International Justice?

The Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) was set up in 2007, under UN auspices to try those involved in the murder of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in 2005. The...
Are John Knudsen, Sari Hanafi (2013)
in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 31 no. 2 pp. 176-200
Journal Article | 2013

A Poisonous Chalice: The Struggle for Human Rights and Accountability in Afghanistan

Human rights activists began to develop strategies for a transitional justice process in Afghanistan soon after the US-led intervention in 2001 and by mid-decade the efforts had culminated in an...
Aziz Hakimi and Astri Suhrke (2013)
in Nordic Journal of Human Rights vol. 31 no. 2 pp. 201-223
Doctoral Thesis | 2013

Explaining Variation in Violence After Civil war: A Comparative Analysis of Angola (2002-2009) and the Democratic Republic of Congo (2003-2010)

Ingrid Samset (2013)
Dissertation for the degree of philosophiae doctor (PhD). Bergen: University of Bergen 496 p.
Journal Article | 2013

Wavering Courts: From Impunity to Accountability in Uruguay

Many Latin American countries are moving towards increased accountability for past human rights violations. There is a growing international consensus that some crimes simply cannot be exempted from prosecution according...
Elin Skaar (2013)
Journal of Latin American Studies
Book Chapter | 2013

"Prosecute and punish"

  “Prosecute and punish”, in Encyclopedia of Transitional Justice, eds. Nadya Nedelsky and Lavinia Stan, vol. 2 (New York: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming).
Elin Skaar (2013)
in Nadya Nedelsky and Laivinia Stan: Encyclopedia of Transitional Justice. New York: Cambridge University Press vol. 2
Report in External Series | 2012

From impunity to prosecution? Sexual violence in Sudan beyond Darfur

Serious shortcomings in Sudanese laws and practices contribute to the lack of protection of victims of rape in Sudan. There is need for comprehensive legal reform, particularly of Sudan’s Criminal...
Liv Tønnessen (2012)
(NOREF Report, February 2012)
Book Chapter | 2011

Impunidad versus responsabilidad jurídica en el Uruguay: El rol de la Ley de Caducidad

Many countries in Latin America and elsewhere in the world are moving in the direction of increased accountability for human right violations, and there is a growing consensus that some...
Elin Skaar (2011)
in Gabriela Fried y Francesca Lessa (editores) Con la colaboración de Brenda Falero: Luchas contra la impunidad: Uruguay 1985-2011. Montevideo: Trilce
U4 Practice Insight | 2011

Making development assistance work at home: DfID's approach to clamping down on international bribery and money laundering in the UK

Corruption will remain a profitable crime in developing countries as long as counterparts in rich countries are willing to hide stolen resources. Working to improve governance in poor countries will...
Alessandra Fontana (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practice Insight no. 2011:5) 12 p.
U4 Practice Insight | 2011

Making hay while the sun shines: Experiences with the Zambian Task Force on corruption

In 2002 the Government of Zambia established an intragovernmental task force to investigate allegations of corruption against former President Frederick Chiluba and his inner circle. The task force was mandated...
Katherine E. Ryder (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Practice Insight no. 2011:4) 12 p.
CMI Brief | 2011

Special tribunal for Lebanon: Either peace or justice?

On 14 February 2005, former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri and 22 members of his staff and security detail were killed by a massive bomb in downtown Beirut. The murder gave...
Are John Knudsen (2011)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 10 no. 1) 4 p.
Book | 2011

Judicial independence and human rights in Latin America: Violations, politics and prosecution

In many Latin American countries, former military officers are now facing charges of torture, murder, forced disappearance, and genocide committed under the dictatorships of the 1970s and 1980s. Why is...
Elin Skaar (2011)
New York: Palgrave MacMillan. 297 p.
U4 Issue | 2010

An exception to the rule? Why Indonesia's Anti-Corruption Commission succeeds where others don't - a comparison with the Philippines' Ombudsman

Anti-corruption agencies have long been a principal strategy to fight corruption in many developing countries. Unfortunately, few of them have produced evident results and they are seen as being rather...
Emil P. Bolongaita (2010)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2010:4) 34 p.
U4 Brief | 2009

Reforming corruption out of Nigerian oil? Part two: Progress and prospects

In Nigeria, as elsewhere, corrupt practices impair oil sector performance. This U4 Brief looks at five approaches to advancing anti-corruption reform in Nigeria’s oil sector: the legal and regulatory framework;...
Alexandra Gillies (2009)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2009:6) 4 p.