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Report in External Series | 2017

Usufructuary Mortgages as a Source of Funds in Need: Some Theory and an Empirical Investigation

The usufruct mortgage has received little attention from economists. This paper develops and analyzes a theoretical framework in which the borrower, who mortgages out, and the lender, who mortgages in,...
Clive Bell and Magnus Hatlebakk (2017)
University of Heidelberg. Department of Economics (Discussion Paper Series no. 631)
U4 Issue | 2017

Preventing corruption in community mineral beneficiation schemes

Abstract This paper analyses patterns of corruption and corruption risks related to community mineral beneficiation schemes (CMBSs) that distribute benefits funded by mineral revenues to communities. It analyses insights from existing...
Michael Nest (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:3) 40 p
Journal Article | 2017

Which Grievances Make People Support Violence against the State? Survey Evidence from the Niger Delta

Previous research has established a link between oil production and armed conflict in low- and middle-income countries. Oil-related grievances are viewed as a key variable driving resentment and antistate attitudes....
Carlo Koos (2017)
in International Interactions vol. 44 no. 3 pp. 437-462
Journal Article | 2017

Effects of Payment for Performance on accountability mechanisms: Evidence from Pwani, Tanzania

Payment for Performance (P4P) aims to improve provider motivation to perform better, but little is known about the effects of P4P on accountability mechanisms. We examined the effect of P4P...
Iddy Mayumana, Jo Borghi, Laura Anselmi, Masuma Mamdani, Siri Lange (2017)
in Social Science & Medicine vol. 179 pp. 61-73
Journal Article | 2017

Son preference, number of children, education and occupational choice in rural Nepal

A unique family survey was conducted in Nepal to investigate the economic consequences of having a first-born girl. Women have more children, but we find no causal effect of number...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2017)
in Review of Development Economics. 21(1): 1-20
CMI Working Paper | 2016

Civilian and Military Relations in Turkey: A Historical Survey

This CMI Working Paper presents an analysis of civilian-military relations in Turkey, casting light on institutional, legal and economic aspects that have shaped the military’s role in society. An assessment...
Acar Kutay (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:11) 32 p.
Journal Article | 2016

Education and electoral participation: Reported versus actual voting behaviour

Using survey data of voters in Tanzania, this paper shows that while education does not affect self-reported voting in general elections, it increases actual voting. The less educated are more...
Ivar Kolstad and Arne Wiig (2016)
in Applied Economics Letters vol. 23 no. 13 pp. 908-911
CMI Working Paper | 2016

How do voters respond to information on self-serving elite behaviour? Evidence from a randomized survey experiment in Tanzania

Does self-serving elite behaviour make citizens more politically active? This paper presents the results of a randomized field experiment where voters in Tanzania were given information about elite use of...
Ivar Kolstad, Arne Wiig (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:9) 28 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2016

The Armed Forces and the Economy in Latin America: Contemporary Trends and Implications for Civil-Military Relations.

This paper examines several cases of military economic activities that persist in Latin America, despite the political and economic liberalization processes that have been under way in the region for...
Kristina Mani (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:08) 28 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Women in Local Government. A Potential Arena for Women’s Substantive Representation

Local government is an important avenue for getting practical experience in participating in politics before moving on to the national arena. Advocates of decentralisation argue that it opens up avenues...
Asiyati Lorraine Chiweza (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 13) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

From a Temporary Emergency Shelter to an Urbanized Neighborhood: The Abu Shoak IDP Camp in North Dārfūr

Introduction In early 2003, two rebel movements (the Sudanese Liberation Army and the Justice and Equality Movement) launched an insurgency against the rule in Khartoum. Supported by Janjaweed tribal militias, the...
Dr. Osman Mohamed Osman Ali and Ust. Ali Mohamed Mahmoud (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:3) 14 p.
Journal Article | 2016

Female Empowerment and the Education of Children in Nepal

There is sufficient evidence to say that female empowerment affects economic and social outcomes, in particular for girls. There is, however, no unified approach to the measurement of female empowerment....
Magnus Hatlebakk and Yogendra B. Gurung (2016)
in Journal of Developing Areas vol. 50 no. 2 pp. 1-19
CMI Brief | 2016

The ‘Joyce Banda Effect’: Public Opinion and Voting Behaviour in Malawi

In the 2014 elections in Malawi, the incumbent female president Joyce Banda lost the presidency, and the number of women MPs was reduced from 43 to 33. This decline in...
Tiyesere Mercy Chikapa (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 6) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Non-resource taxation in a resource rich setting: A broader tax base will enhance tax compliance in Tanzania

CMI Brief December 2015 Volume 14 No.08 Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. The country might become a large producer of gas, and...
(2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 14 no. 8) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Not so great expectations: Gas revenue, corruption and willingness to pay tax in Tanzania

Huge reservoirs of natural gas have been discovered offshore the southern coast of Tanzania. There are high expectations that exploitation of natural resources will substantially increase Tanzania’s national income. This...
Alexander Wright Cappelen, Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Cornel Jahari, Donald Mmari, Ingrid Hoem Sjursen, Bertil Tungodden (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 4) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Mapping anti-corruption tools in the judicial sector

This U4 study investigates whether and how the judicial sector could benefit from anti-corruption measures that have proved useful in other sectors in improving the quality of the services they...
Sofie Arjon Schütte, Victoria Jennett, Philipp Jahn (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:3) 40 p
Report in External Series | 2016

Reality Checks Mozambique 2015. Sub-report, District of Lago

This is the sub-report on Lago for the 5th Reality Check, to be complemented by similar sub-reports from Cuamba and Majune. The focus is on quantitative expressions of poverty and...
Inge Tvedten, Nair Noronha, Barnabé José, Beatri Putile (2016)
Stockholm: Sida (Reality Checks Mozambique 2011-2015)
Report in External Series | 2016

Reality Checks Mozambique. Annual Report 2015. Quantitative Expressions of Poverty and Well-Being 2011-2015

This is the Annual Report for the 5th Reality Check, synthesising the main findings from the sub-reports on Cuamba, Lago and Majune. Fieldwork was carried out in October 2015. The...
Inge Tvedten, Minna Tuominen, Carmeliza Rosario (2016)
Stockholm: Sida (Reality Checks Mozambique 2011-2015)
Journal Article | 2016

Effectiveness of a girls’ empowerment programme on early childbearing, marriage and school dropout among adolescent girls in rural Zambia: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial

Background: Adolescent pregnancies pose a risk to the young mothers and their babies. In Zambia, 35% of young girls in rural areas have given birth by the age of 18...
Ingvild Fossgard Sandøy, Mweetwa Mudenda, Joseph Zulu, Ecloss Munsaka, Astrid Blystad, Mpundu Makasa, Ottar Mæstad, Bertil Tungodden, Choolwe Jakobs, Linda Milimo Kampata, Knut Fylkesnes, Joar Svanemyr, Karen Marie Moland, Richard Banda, Patrick Musonda (2016)
in Trials vol. 17 no. 588 15 p.
Report in External Series | 2016

Business people’s views of paying taxes in Ethiopia

This study examines factors that determine business people’s attitudes towards paying taxes in Ethiopia. Based on data obtained from a survey of business taxpayers in Addis Ababa, the study finds...
Wollela Yesegat; Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (2016)
Brighton: Institute of Development Studies (ICTD Working Paper no. 43)