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U4 Issue | 2017

Shadow Value Chains: Tracing the link between corruption, illicit activity and lootable natural resources from West Africa

Illicit natural resource trade continues to benefit corrupt officials, criminal and terrorist networks and to divert resources away from development, security and the common good in West Africa. How are...
Åse Gilje Østensen, Mats Stridsman (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:7) 80 p.
U4 Brief | 2017

The global participation backlash: Implications for natural resource initiatives

Civil society organizations can help to ensure good governance over natural resources as members of global multi-stakeholder initiatives like the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. Yet a good number of resource-rich...
Kendra Dupuy (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:4) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Trading in corruption: Evidence and mitigation measures for corruption in the trading of oil and minerals

Between 2011 and 2013, sales of government oil from the ten biggest producers in sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 56% of these countries’ total public revenues. Despite their importance, however, such...
Olivier Longchamp, Nathalie Perrot (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:6) 52 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Country Evaluation Brief: Somalia

Somalia is one of the world’s poorest countries having suffered from decades of acute political fragility, instability, violent conflict and lack of development. It is also ranked as the most...
Marcus Manuel, Raphaelle Faure, Dina Mansour-Ille (2017)
Oslo: Norad (Norad Country Evaluation Briefs no. 3/2017) 36 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Legal limits to tribal governance: coal mining in Meghalaya, India

Land in Meghalaya, India, was traditionally agricultural land, owned by the community. With increasing privatization and rising commercial value of land for non-agricultural use, many owners have sold the land...
Hugo Stokke (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 2) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2017

Preventing corruption in community mineral beneficiation schemes

Abstract This paper analyses patterns of corruption and corruption risks related to community mineral beneficiation schemes (CMBSs) that distribute benefits funded by mineral revenues to communities. It analyses insights from existing...
Michael Nest (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2017:3) 40 p
Journal Article | 2017

Constellations of Power and Authority in the Political Economy of Illegal Timber Extraction in BTAD, Assam

This article seeks to comprehend the way the illegal timber economy in the Bodoland Territorial Autonomous Council (BTAD) in Assam is integrated within a constellation of power and authority. Based...
Anwesha Dutta and Bert Suykens (2017)
in Alternatives: Global, Local, Political vol. 42 no. 3 pp. 146-165
Book Chapter | 2017

The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF): A united army for a divided country?

Multi-confessional armies are often seen as being weak and prone to disintegration. The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) is a case in point. From its inception it was formed as a...
Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade (2017)
in Are John Knudsen and Tine Gade: Civil-Military Relations in Lebanon. London: PalgraveMacmillan pp. 1-22
Book | 2017

Grassroots politics and oil culture in Venezuela. The revolutionary petro-state

This book presents an ethnographic study of how grassroots activism in Venezuela during the Chávez presidency can be understood in relation to the country's history as a petro-state. Taking the...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen (2017)
New York and London : Palgrave McMillan
U4 Issue | 2016

The resource bites back: Entry-points for addressing corruption in wildlife crime

Corruption has recently risen up the global wildlife conservation agenda with a series of international agreements highlighting the role of corruption in facilitating wildlife crime. Though there are notable exceptions,...
David Aled Williams, Rob Parry-Jones, Dilys Roe (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:2) 25p
CMI Brief | 2016

Lack of consultation. Stakeholders perspectives on local content requirements in the petroleum sector in Tanzania

Tanzania has recently discovered huge offshore natural gas fields. This has led the Government to develop Local Content Policies (LCPs) to increase local job and business opportunities. This brief presents...
Espen Villanger (CMI), Abel Kinyondo (Repoa), Ingvild Hestad (CMI) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 15) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Violence against women in the context of urban poverty in Angola

Violence against women is widespread in Angola. This brief presents the main findings in a recent study of how violence against women is playing out in the context of urban...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen, Margareth Nangacovie (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 16) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Petro-Governance in Tanzania: Opportunities and Challenges

Recent significant natural gas discoveries have pushed Tanzania into the international spotlight as a new petroleum producer. How can the country ensure that its newfound wealth is translated into economic...
Bryan Lee, Kendra Dupuy (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 14) 4 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Doing accountability differently. A proposal for the vertical integration of civil society monitoring and advocacy

Civil society accountability initiatives that take into account power structures at multiple levels can produce more lasting institutional change, compared to locally-bounded initiatives that address the symptoms rather than the...
Jonathan Fox, Joy Aceron, Aránzazu Guillán (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:4) 67 p
Journal Article | 2016

Female Empowerment and the Education of Children in Nepal

There is sufficient evidence to say that female empowerment affects economic and social outcomes, in particular for girls. There is, however, no unified approach to the measurement of female empowerment....
Magnus Hatlebakk and Yogendra B. Gurung (2016)
in Journal of Developing Areas vol. 50 no. 2 pp. 1-19
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

Corporate Social Responsibility in Islamic Economies – the Case of Sudan

Introduction Since the 1950s, there has been a growing international awareness of the need for business organizations to commit to a social role that goes beyond the sole objective of profit...
Ahmed Elhassab Omer Elhassab and Abdelmageed Mohammed Yahya (Dilling University) (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:1) 16 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

A Different Yardstick: The Gendered Political Discourse in Malawi

The 2014 election campaign in Malawi focussed on gender rather than facts. In this brief we argue that the campaign showed a strong, conservative, culturally driven bias against Banda and...
Edrinnie Lora-Kayambazinthu, Edith Kalilombe Shame (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 5) 4 p.
Report in External Series | 2016

Chasing civil society? Evaluation of Fredskorpset

The evaluation has assessed Fredskorpset's (FK Norway) approach and strategy when it comes to strengthening civil society in developing countries. This is one of FK Norway's overarching objectives and core...
Elling N Tjønneland, Stein-Erik Kruse, Johan Helland, Marit Norbakk (2016)
Oslo: Norad (Evaluation Department Reports no. Report 1/2016) 94 p.
Edited Book | 2016

The Politics of Humanitarianism. Power, Ideology and Aid

Humanitarian intervention has increasingly become the prevalent means of providing protection and aid at a global level. Yet alongside its success concerns have been raised that humanitarianism has increasingly become...
Antonio De Lauri (Ed.) (2016)
London: I.B. Tauris
CMI Working Paper | 2016

“Not a single crack where the light can come in” Civil-military relations in contemporary Honduras

This CMI Working Paper draws from several years of research in Honduras, including a series of interviews in February 2015, to assess the relationship between civilian and military authority in...
Dr. Tyler Shipley (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2016:1) 32 p.