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CMI Report | 1999

Local government taxation and tax administration in Tanzania

Local taxes represent less than 5 per cent of total tax revenues in Tanzania. However, the large number of these taxes, together with their unsatisfactory nature, means that their economic,...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Joseph Semboja (1999)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1999:3) 74 p.
CMI Report | 1999

Social Relations of Poverty: A Case-Study from Owambo, Namibia

Evidence from a number of quantitative studies on poverty in Namibia suggests that poverty is widespread, albeit unevenly distributed. The relatively high GDP per capita conceals wide income differentials by...
Inge Tvedten and Selma Nangulah (1999)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1999:5) 59 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1999

The institutional impact of aid dependence on recipients in Africa

Heavy aid dependence can have significant effects on institutions and governance. In Botswana, Mauritius, Korea and Taiwan, high levels of aid reinforced local capacity, enabling them to 'graduate' from most...
Deborah Bräutigam and Kwesi Botchwey (1999)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1999:1) 39 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1999

Local entrepreneurs, networks and linkages to the global economy in Southeast Asia and Africa

Deborah Bräutigam (1999)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1999:2) 23 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1999

Access regimes and institutions: The economic organisation of the migrant Popo fishermen of Pointe- Noire, Congo

Within Popo society in Pointe Noire, Congo, fishermen sell their fish to their wives at a price slightly below the local market price. The wives process the fish and re-sell...
Turid Bøe (1999)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1999:8) 36 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1999

Controlling fiscal corruption. Theoretical approaches and illustrations from Tanzania

The primary concern of this paper is to discuss the role of various economic factors in explaining corruption in tax administration. The emphasis is on how the incentive structure of...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (1999)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1999:6) 35 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1999

Humanitarian assistance during conflict in a state-less society: The case of Somalia

This working paper was prepared for the workshop on "Aid and Humanitarian Assistance in Africa" in Arusha, 27-29 June, 1998, with financial support from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs....
Siegfried Pausewang (1999)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1999:5) 29 p.
Journal Article | 1999

Conservation and controversy in the Karakoram: Khunjerab National Park, Pakistan

This paper discusses recent conservation efforts in Northern Pakistan and the relevance of national parks as legal instruments in nature and wildlife conservation. Employing an extensive case-study approach the paper...
Are Knudsen (1999)
in Journal of Political Ecology vol. 6
CMI Working Paper | 1998

Why people pay taxes. The case of development levy in Tanzania

This study sheds light on some of the factors underlying tax compliance in local authorities in Tanzania with the help of original survey data. We use the experience of the...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (1998)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1998:5)
Report in External Series | 1998

From rhetoric to reality: The role of aid in local peacebuilding in Afghanistan

Arne Strand, Haneef Atmar and Sultan Barakat (eds.) (1998)
York: University of York, Reconstruction & development 100 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1997

The evolution of private property rights in traditional agriculture: Theories and a study from Indonesia

The starting point of this paper is a universally observed tendency of common property to be replaced by private property in traditional agriculture. The paper seeks to explore the forces...
Arild Angelsen (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1997:6) 40 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1997

State-local community games of forest land appropriation

This paper explores possible strategic interactions between the state and local community in games of tropical forest land appropriation. Two key questions are addressed. First, how does the structure of...
Arild Angelsen (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1997:7) 32 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1997

Mountain protected areas in Northern Pakistan: The case of Khunjerab National Park

This paper discusses recent conversation efforts in Northern Pakistan and the relevance of national parks as legal instruments in nature and wildlife conservation. Employing an extensive case study approach the...
Are Knudsen (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1997:17)
CMI Working Paper | 1997

Underdevelopment and labour migration: the contract labour system in Namibia

This volume reproduces, with minor changes, a set of previously published papers on the history of the origins, formation and evolution of the contract labour system in Namibia from first...
Richard Moorsom (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1997:10)
CMI Working Paper | 1997

Can national identity be built on local democracy?

In Ethiopia, with 85% of the population in agriculture, most of them illiterate, democratisation has to work against adverse experience: Peasants can refer back to democratic traditions on local level....
Siegfried Pausewang (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1997:8)
CMI Report | 1997

NGOs in conflict- an evaluation of International Alert

This evaluation of International Alert (IA) - an international NGO based in London, working to prevent and resolve conflict in developing countries and parts of the former Soviet Union -...
Gunnar M. Sørbø, Joanna Macrae and Lennart Wohlgemuth (1997)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Report R 1997:6) 258 p.
Journal Article | 1997

Democratic dialogue and local tradition

Siegfried Pausewang (1997)
in International Conference of Ethiopian Studies vol. 13
CMI Working Paper | 1996

Tax evasion and corruption in local governments in Tanzania: Alternative economic approaches

The primary concern of the paper is to discuss the role of various economic factors in explaining the mechanisms and degree of fiscal corruption and tax evasion in local governments...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1996:14)
CMI Working Paper | 1996

Deforestation and entrpeneurship in the North West Frontier Province, Pakistan

Deforestation is a global environment concern, but the underlying processes vary across regions and countries. In Pakistan the threat to forests and biodiversity does not come primarily from local farmers,...
Are Knudsen (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1996:11) 16 p.
CMI Working Paper | 1996

Dealing with the good and the evil. Introducing morality as an antropological concern

Questions of morality and ethics - good and evil - have not been anthropological favourites. Such issues have been addressed within certain applied environments as well as currently within American...
Dag Jørund Lønning (1996)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 1996:13) 27 p.