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Journal Article | 2017

The health status of adolescents in Ecuador and the country’s response to the need for differentiated healthcare for adolescents

Background Adolescents face a range of health problems but many barriers block their access to health services, and in particular to sexual and reproductive health services. The objective of this study...
Joar Svanemyr, Susana Guijarro, Betzabe Butron Riveros, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli (2017)
in Reproductive Health vol. 14 no. 29
Journal Article | 2016

Death of a Statesman – Birth of a Martyr: Martyrdom and Memorials in Post–Civil War Lebanon

This (open access) article furthers the study of post-civil war memorialisation in Lebanon by analysing the trajectory of the late Prime Minister Rafik Hariri from statesman to martyr. This transformative...
Are John Knudsen (2016)
in Anthropology of the Middle East vol. 11 no. 2 pp. 1-17
CMI Brief | 2016

Marginalisation and Poverty in Rural Malanje, Angola

Rural Angola has gone through decades of hardships with war and economic marginalisation – culminating with the current economic crisis. This brief is about ten rural communities in the province...
Inge Tvedten, Gilson Lázaro (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 18) 4 p.
Report in External Series | 2016

Country Evaluation Brief: South Sudan

While the international community is primarily concerned with trying to restore stability and providing protection and relief to an increasing number of people in South Sudan, evaluations of past development...
Gunnar M. Sørbø, Mareike Schomerus, Lovise Aalen (2016)
Oslo: Norad (Country Evaluation Briefs no. 6) 38 p.
Report in External Series | 2016

Country Evaluation Brief: Afghanistan

Since 2001, Western political and military interests have largely defined the nature and magnitude of aid flows. Conventional criteria for development assistance (notably absorptive capacity and credible conditionality) were, as...
Arne Strand, Astri Suhrke, Nils Taxell (2016)
Oslo: Norad (Country Evaluation Briefs no. 7) 38 p.
Report in External Series | 2016

Country Evaluation Brief: Mozambique

FORTY YEARS of Official Development Assistance has contributed to high macroeconomic growth, the development of key national institutions and partial successes in the social sectors, but has failed to contribute...
Inge Tvedten and Aslak Orre (2016)
Oslo: Norad (Country Evaluation Briefs no. 8) 38 p.
U4 Issue | 2016

Corruption and state-backed debts in Mozambique: What can external actors do?

The average annual cost of corruption to Mozambique was recently estimated to be up to USD 4.9 billion for the period 2004-2014. Some analysts have entertained the idea that investments in...
David Aled Williams, Jan Isaksen (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Issue 2016:6) 24 p
CMI Brief | 2016

Violence against women in the context of urban poverty in Angola

Violence against women is widespread in Angola. This brief presents the main findings in a recent study of how violence against women is playing out in the context of urban...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen, Margareth Nangacovie (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 16) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Petro-Governance in Tanzania: Opportunities and Challenges

Recent significant natural gas discoveries have pushed Tanzania into the international spotlight as a new petroleum producer. How can the country ensure that its newfound wealth is translated into economic...
Bryan Lee, Kendra Dupuy (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 14) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Women in Local Government. A Potential Arena for Women’s Substantive Representation

Local government is an important avenue for getting practical experience in participating in politics before moving on to the national arena. Advocates of decentralisation argue that it opens up avenues...
Asiyati Lorraine Chiweza (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 13) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

The Gatekeepers: Political Participation of Women in Malawi

All over the world, there are gatekeepers with the power to facilitate – or restrict – peoples’ access. We have studied the role of the chairpersons and secretaries of the...
Happy Mickson Kayuni, Kondwani Farai Chikadza (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 12) 4 p.
Sudan Working Paper | 2016

From a Temporary Emergency Shelter to an Urbanized Neighborhood: The Abu Shoak IDP Camp in North Dārfūr

Introduction In early 2003, two rebel movements (the Sudanese Liberation Army and the Justice and Equality Movement) launched an insurgency against the rule in Khartoum. Supported by Janjaweed tribal militias, the...
Dr. Osman Mohamed Osman Ali and Ust. Ali Mohamed Mahmoud (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Working Paper SWP 2016:3) 14 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

Enforcement of water rights

In 2010, a UN Resolution explicitly recognized the human right to water and sanitation (HRtWS). But has this international recognition improved the ability of poor and marginalized people to secure...
Lara Côrtes, Camila Gianella, Bruce Wilson (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 9) 4 p.
CMI Insight | 2016

Ending child marriages – new laws bring progress but hurdles remain

Reform of family law is considered among the most difficult to achieve since it contests ‘the notion of women and children as property’.  There is a continuum ranging from criminalization...
Vibeke Wang (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight no. 4) 8 p.
Edited Book | 2016

Transitional Justice in Latin America: The Uneven Road from Impunity towards Accountability

This is the first book to comprehensively and systematically trace the trajectory from impunity towards accountability for past human rights violations in the Latin American region. Based on rich historical...
Elin Skaar, Jemima Garcia-Godos, and Cath Collins (2016)
London and New York: Routledge (Transitional Justice Series)
CMI Brief | 2016

The uneven playing field and the 2016 elections in Uganda

It is easy to document that the 2016 elections in Uganda were unfair. To combat the uneven playing field one needs to systematically assess the symptoms and identify the structural...
Svein-Erik Helle (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 7) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2016

The ‘Joyce Banda Effect’: Public Opinion and Voting Behaviour in Malawi

In the 2014 elections in Malawi, the incumbent female president Joyce Banda lost the presidency, and the number of women MPs was reduced from 43 to 33. This decline in...
Tiyesere Mercy Chikapa (2016)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 15 no. 6) 4 p.
Journal Article | 2016

The voice of China in Africa: media, communication technologies and image-building

There is a fascination with the increasing economic and political importance of China in the global economy, in international politics, and in African affairs. China’s rapid economic expansion in Africa, together with economic growth...
Fei Jiang, Shubo Li, Helge Rønning, Elling N. Tjønneland (2016)
in Chinese Journal of Communication vol. 9 no. March 2016 pp. 1-7
Journal Article | 2016

Inter-generational Determinants of Migration Decisions: The Case of International Labour Migration from Nepal

The article explores the deep determinants of migration decisions, with a focus on what appears to be a particularly profitable pathway out of poverty: overseas labour migration. To what extent...
Magnus Hatlebakk (2016)
in Oxford Development Studies vol. 44 no. 1 pp. 93-112
Journal Article | 2016

The Effects of Oil Production and Ethnic Representation on Violent Conflict in Nigeria: A Mixed-Methods Approach

A large qualitative literature on violent conflict in Nigeria has identified the importance of oil production and ethnicity as salient factors in understanding violence, especially in the oil-rich Niger Delta....
Carlo Koos, Jan Pierskalla (2016)
in Terrorism and Political Violence vol. 28 no. 5 pp. 888-911