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Sudan Report | 2017

Traditional, but changing, cultural norms: Rural community views on child marriage in Algadaref State, Sudan

This report investigates child marriage in Algadaref State, located in Sudan’s eastern region. Child marriage is a human rights violation affecting children’s and women’s rights to health, education, equality, non-discrimination,...
Samia El Nagar, Ibtisam al-Jack, Liv Tønnessen (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (Sudan Report SR 2017:4) 44 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

The rise and fall of the mining royalty regime in Zambia

Zambia has a long history of disputed changes of the mining tax regime with damaging effects on the working relations between the Government and the mining sector. A shared assumption...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Caleb Fundanga and Lise Rakner (2017)
in Fjeldstad, Sigrid Klæboe Jacobsen, Peter Ringstad and Honest Prosper Ngowi : Lifting the veil of secrecy: Perspectives on international taxation and capital flight from Africa. Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute pp. 120-124
CMI Brief | 2017

What causes Latin America’s high incidence of adolescent pregnancy?

Latin America is the only region in the world where adolescent pregnancies are not decreasing. According to a recent article in the Lancet, if the current trend continues, Latin American...
Camila Gianella, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado, Angelica Peñas Defago (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 9) 4 p.
CMI Brief | 2017

Counter-mobilization against child marriage reform in Africa

Legislating a minimum age of marriage at 18 has stirred counter-mobilization in some, but not all, countries where religious or traditional institutions enjoy constitutional authority. Why does counter-mobilization arise in...
Ragnhild Louise Muriaas, Liv Tønnessen, Vibeke Wang (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 8) 4 p.
U4 Brief | 2017

Proxy indicators for the corrupt misuse of corporations

Winners of the U4 Proxy Challenge 2016 We need more imaginative ways of addressing corruption. It is important to generate indicators that development agencies can use. U4 and DFID developed a...
Mihály Fazekas, Bence Tóth (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:6)
CMI Brief | 2017

Paper tiger law forbidding FGM in Sudan

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is still a common practice in Sudan. Nine out of ten women have been subjected to this practice. In 2009, a proposed ban on FGM in the...
Liv Tønnessen, Samia El-Nagar, Sharifa Bamkar (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Brief vol. 16 no. 7) 4 p.
CMI Working Paper | 2017

The Criminalisation of Rape in Pakistan

In Pakistan, the legal recognition of rape as a crime has changed in pace with the dominant narrative on women’s sexuality. The country’s most troublesome categorisation of rape was, unfortunately,...
Shehar Bano Khan and Shirin Gul (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:08) 24 p.
U4 Brief | 2017

Has the EITI been successful? Reviewing evaluations of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative

Has the EITI been successful? Many efforts have been devoted to improving resource governance through the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative. A review of 50 evaluations concludes that the EITI has...
Päivi Lujala, Siri Aas Rustad, Philippe Le Billon (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (U4 Brief 2017:5) 6 p
Journal Article | 2017

Toward a Comprehensive Solution? Yemen's Two-Year Peace Process

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) to intervene against the expanding threat of the Huthi insurgency in March 2015, the confiict in Yemen has left more than 7,500 killed and another 18.8...
Robert Forster (2017)
Forster, R. (2017). Toward a Comprehensive Solution? Yemen's Two-Year Peace Process. The Middle East Journal 71(3), 479-488. https://www.muse.jhu.edu/article/666508.
Report in External Series | 2017

The Internal Flight Alternative in Norway: Law and practice with respect to Afghan families and unaccompanied asylum-seeking children

The internal flight alternative (IFA) is a limit on refugee status that potentially applies when a claimant’s risk of persecution is confined to a specific area of a country. It...
Jessica Schultz (2017)
UNHCR
Journal Article | 2017

The Battle over abortion rights in Brazil's state arenas, 1995-2006

This article proposes a relational approach to the study of abortion law reform in Brazil. It focuses on the interaction of pro-choice and anti-abortion movements in different state arenas and...
Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado and Debora Alves Machiel (2017)
in Health and Human Rights Journal
CMI Insight | 2017

Taxing the urban boom in Tanzania: Central versus local government property tax collection

Effective collection of property taxes requires constructive working relations between the central government revenue authority and the municipalities, independent of the mode of administration. Clear division of function and responsibility...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad, Merima Ali, Lucas Katera (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Insight 2017:3) 8 p.
Report in External Series | 2017

Country Evaluation Brief: Malawi

Malawi is one of the world's least developed countries, with a poverty rate that is consistently high compared to other countries in sub-Saharan Africa and declining at a slower pace. The...
Inge Amundsen (2017)
Norad Country Evaluation Brief
Book Chapter | 2017

Theory and practise of decentralization by devolution: Lessons from a research programme in Tanzania (2002-13)

What impact did Tanzania’s decentralization reform have on local governance, finances and service delivery? To what extent are the central-local government relationships changed with respect to resource allocation and responsibilities...
Odd-Helge Fjeldstad and Lucas Katera (2017)
in Donald Mmari and Samuel Wangwe : Research and policy nexus: Perspectives from twenty years of policy research in Tanzania. . Dar es Salaam: Mkukui na Nyota Publishers Ltd. pp. 34-56
CMI Working Paper | 2017

Access to Formal Banking and Household Finances: Experimental Evidence from India

Access to formal banking is spreading across the world. Obtaining a bank account may transform how people manage their finances, and affect their savings and consumption. We report from a...
Vincent Somville, Lore Vandewalle (2017)
Bergen: Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI Working Paper WP 2017:1) 28 p.
Book Chapter | 2017

The Impact of elections: The case of Uganda

The comparative democratization literature is divided on the effects of multiparty elections in non - democratic regimes. Early analyses assumed that elections would lead to democracy, yet more recent studies...
Svein-Erik Helle, Lise Rakner (2017)
in Johannes Gerschewski, Christoph H. Stefes: Crisis in Autocratic Regimes. Lynne Rienner Publishers pp. 111-134
Report in External Series | 2017

Malawi: A Political Economy Analysis

This report provides a comprehensive political economy analysis of contemporary Malawi. The country epitomises the primacy of patrimonial politics – including endemic corruption – with a powerful presidency at the...
Arne Tostensen (2017)
Oslo: Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt 81 p.
Journal Article | 2017

Legal knowledge as a tool for social change: La mesa por la vida y la salud de las mujeres as an expert on Colombian abortion law

In May 2006, Colombia’s Constitutional Court liberalized abortion, introducing three circumstances under which the procedure would not be considered a crime: (1) rape or incest; (2) a risk to the...
Ana Cristina González Vélez and Isabel Cristina Jaramillo (2017)
in Health and Human Rights Journal vol. 19 no. 1
Book | 2017

Grassroots politics and oil culture in Venezuela. The revolutionary petro-state

This book presents an ethnographic study of how grassroots activism in Venezuela during the Chávez presidency can be understood in relation to the country's history as a petro-state. Taking the...
Iselin Åsedotter Strønen (2017)
New York and London : Palgrave McMillan
Journal Article | 2017

Effects of Payment for Performance on accountability mechanisms: Evidence from Pwani, Tanzania

Payment for Performance (P4P) aims to improve provider motivation to perform better, but little is known about the effects of P4P on accountability mechanisms. We examined the effect of P4P...
Iddy Mayumana, Jo Borghi, Laura Anselmi, Masuma Mamdani, Siri Lange (2017)
in Social Science & Medicine vol. 179 pp. 61-73